Publications

2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 |2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 |2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995


2020

Crego, R.D., Ogutu, J.O., Wells, H.B.M., Ojwang, G.O., Martins, D.J., Leimgruber, P., & Stabach, J.A. (2020). Spatiotemporal dynamics of wild herbivore species richness and occupancy across a savannah rangeland: Implications for conservation. Biological Conservation. 242. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108436

Fahmy, H. (2020) Energy Harvesting Projects for WSNs. In S.H. Yang (Ed.), Wireless Sensor Networks: Signals and Communication Technology (pp 489-609). Springer, Cham. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-29700-8_7

Guindre-Parker, S. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2020). Survival benefits of group living in a fluctuating environment. The American Naturalist. doi:10.1086/708496

Kihwele, E.S., Mchomvu, V., Owen-Smith, N., Hetem, R.S., Hutchinson, M.C., Potter, A.B., Olff, H., & Veldhuis, M.P. (2020). Quantifying water requirements of African ungulates through a combination of functional traits. African Journal of Ecology. doi:10.1111/aje.12716

Martin, S.H., Singh, K.S., Gordon, I.J., Saitoti, K. Collins, S., Warren, I.A., Munby, H., Brattström, O., Traut, W., Martins, D.J., Smith, D., Jiggins, C., Bass, C., & ffrench-Constant, R. (2020). Whole-chromosome hitchhiking driven by a male-killing endosymbiont. bioRxiv. 703421. doi:10.1101/703421.

Menz, A., Booth, L., & Bernard, M. (2020). The longevity of the magnet effect: fire-herbivory interactions in central Kenya. Consilience: the Journal of Sustainable Development. 14. doi:10.7916/D88W3DRF

Pringle, R.M. (2020). Paleoecology: the functional uniqueness of ancient megafauna. Current Biology, 30(1), R32-R35. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.11.017

Wigley, B.J., Augustine, D.J., Coetsee, C., Ratnam, J., & Sankaran, M. (2020). Grasses continue to trump trees at soil carbon sequestration following herbivore exclusion in a semi‐arid African savanna. Ecological Society of America. e03008. doi:10.1002/ecy.3008

Wolf, S., Ayroles, J., & Shaevitz, J. (2020). A low-cost modular camera system for 3D pose estimation in the field. Bulletin of the American Physical Society.


2019

Aizen, M. A., Aguiar, S., Biesmeijer, J.C., Garibaldi, L.A., Inouye, D.W., Jung, C., Martins, D.J., Medel, R., Morales, C.L., Ngo, H., Pauw, A., Paxton, R.J., Sáez, A., & Seymour, C.L. (2019). Global agricultural productivity is threatened by increasing pollinator dependence without a parallel increase in crop diversification. Global Change Biology, 25(10), 3516-3527. doi:10.1111/gcb.14736

Augustine, D.J., B.J. Wigley, J. Ratnam, S. Kibet, M. Nyangito, & M. Sankaran. (2019). Large herbivores maintain a two‐phase herbaceous vegetation mosaic in a semi‐arid savanna. Ecology and Evolution, online early. doi:10.1002/ece3.5750

Balducci, M.G., Martins, D.J., & Johnson, S.D. (2019). Pollination of the long-spurred African terrestrial orchid Bonatea steudneri by long-tongued hawkmoths, notably Xanthopan morganii. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 305(9), 765-775. doi:10.1007/s00606-019-01605-2

Boyle, J.H., Martins, D.J., Musili, P.M., & Pierce, N.E. (2019). Population genomics and demographic sampling of the ant-plant Vachellia drepanolobium and its symbiotic ants from sites across its range in East Africa. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 206. doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00206

Cobb, A. & Cobb, S. (2019). Do zebra stripes influence thermoregulation? Journal of Natural History, 53(13-14), 863-879. doi:10.1080/00222933.2019.1607600

Coverdale, T.C., McGeary, I.J., O’Connell, R.D., Palmer, T.M., Goheen, J.R., Sankaran, M., Augustine, D.J., Ford, A.T., & Pringle, R.M. (2019). Strong but opposing effects of associational resistance and susceptibility on defense phenotype in an African savanna plant. Oikos, online early. doi:10.1111/oik.06644

Crawford, C., Volenec, Z., Sisanya, M., Kibet, R., & Rubenstein, D. (2019). Behavioral and Ecological Implications of Bunched, Rotational Cattle Grazing in East African Savanna Ecosystem. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 72(1), 204-209. doi: 10.1016/j.rama.2018.07.016

DeCarlo, K.F. & Caylor, K.K. (2019). Biophysical effects on soil crack morphology in a faunally active dryland vertisol. Geoderma, 334, 134-145. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.07.042

Ellis, V.A., Sari, E.H.R., Rubenstein, D.R., Dickerson, R.C., Bensch, S., & Ricklefs, R.E. (2019). The global biogeography of avian haemosporidian parasites is characterized by local diversification and intercontinental dispersal. Parasitology, 146(2), 213–219. doi:10.1017/S0031182018001130

Forbes, E.S., Cushman, J.H., Burkepile, D.E., Young, T.P., Klopea, M., & Young, H.S. (2019). Synthesizing the effects of large, wild herbivores on ecosystem function. Functional Ecology, 33(9),1597-1610. doi:10.1111/1365-2435.13376

Gill, A.B., Musili, P. M., Kurukura, S., Hassan, A. A., Goheen, J. R., Kress, W.J., Kuzmina, M., Pringle, R.M., & Kartzinel, T.R. (2019). Plant DNA-barcode library and community phylogeny for a semi-arid East African savanna. Molecular Ecology Resources, 19(4), 838-846. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.13001

Graham, S.I., Kinnaird, M.F., O’Brien, T.G., Vågen, T.-G., Winowiecki, L.A., Young, T.P., & Young, H.S. (2019). Effects of land-use change on community diversity and composition are highly variable among functional groups. Ecological Applications, 29(7), e01973. doi:10.1002/eap.1973

Isbell, L.A., Bidner, L.R., Omondi, G., Mutinda, M., & Matsumoto-Oda A. (2019). Capture, immobilization, and Global Positioning System collaring of olive baboons (Papio anubis) and vervets (Chlorocebus pygerythrus): Lessons learned and suggested best practices. American Journal of Primatology, 81(6), e22997. doi:10.1002/ajp.22997

Kartzinel, T.R., Hsing, J.C., Musili, P.M., Brown, B.R.P., & Pringle, R.M. (2019). Covariation of diet and gut microbiome in African megafauna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online before print. doi:10.1073/pnas.1905666116

LaMalfa, E.M., R.L. Sensenig, D.M. Kimuyu, T.P. Young, C. Riginos, and K.E. Veblen. (2019). Tree resprout dynamics following fire depend on herbivory by wild ungulate herbivores. Journal of Ecology, 107(5), 2493-2502. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13186

Louthan, A., Valencia, E., Martins, D.J., Guy, T., Goheen, J., Palmer, T., & Doak, D. (2019). Large mammals generate both top-down effects and extended trophic cascades on floral-visitor assemblages. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 35(4), 185-198. doi:10.1017/S0266467419000142

Mutinda, M., Crofoot, M.C., Kishbaugh, J.C., Hayek, L.C., Zimmerman, D., Tunseth, D.A., & (2019). Blood Biochemical Reference Intervals for Free-Ranging Olive Baboons (Papio anubis) in Kenya. International Journal of Primatology, 40(2), 187-196. doi:10.1007/s10764-018-0074-2

Mutuku, P.M. & Kenfack, D. (2019). Effect of local topographic heterogeneity on tree species assembly in an Acacia-dominated African savanna. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 35(2), 46-56. doi:10.1017/S0266467419000014

Ostfeld, J.K. & Keesing, F. (2019). Impacts of large mammals on movements of the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 57(1), 2-9. doi:10.1111/aje.12549

Otieno, T.O, Goheen, J.R., Webala, P.W., Mwangi, A., Osuga, I.M., & Ford, A.T. (2019). Human- and risk-mediated browsing pressure by sympatric antelope in an African savanna. Biological Conservation, 232, 59-65. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2019.01.028

Papageorgiou, D., Christensen, C., Gall, G.E.C., Klarevas-Irby, J.A., Nyaguthii, B., Couzin, I.D., & Farine, D.R. (2019). The multilevel society of a small-brained bird. Current Biology, 29(21), R1120-1121. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.09.072

Smith, D.A.S., Traut, W., Martin, S.H., Ireri, P., Omufwoko, K.S., Ffrench-Constant, R., & Gordon, I.J. (2019). Neo sex chromosomes, colour polymorphism and male-killing in the African queen butterfly, (Danaus chrysippus L.). Insects, 10(9), 291. doi:10.3390/insects10090291

Suraci, J. P., Frank, L.G., Oriol-Cotterill, A., Ekwanga, S., Williams, T. M., & Wilmers, C. C. (2019). Behavior-specific habitat selection by African lions may promote their persistence in a human-dominated landscape. Ecology, 100(4), e02644. doi:10.1002/ecy.2644

Tamashiro, R.A., Milligan, P.D., & Palmer, T.M. (2019). Left out in the cold: temperature-dependence of defense in an African ant–plant mutualism. Ecology, 100(6), e02712. doi:10.1002/ecy.2712

Taniguchi, H., Isbell, L.A., Bidner, L.R., & Matsumoto-Oda, A. (2019). Complete rectal prolapse in wild Anubis baboons (Papio anubis). Journal of Medical Primatology, 48(3),179-181. doi:10.1111/jmp.12405

Unks, R. R., King, E. G., German, L. A., Wachira, N. P., & Nelson, D. R. (2019). Unevenness in scale mismatches: institutional change, pastoralist livelihoods, and herding ecology in Laikipia, Kenya. Geoforum, 99, 74-87. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.12.010

Unks, R. R., King, E. G., Nelson, D. R., Wachira, N. P., & German, L. A. (2019). Constraints, multiple stressors, and stratified adaptation: pastoralist livelihood vulnerability in a semi-arid wildlife conservation context in central Kenya. Global Environmental Change, 54, 124-134. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.11.013

Welsh, E.C., Kessing, F., & Allan, B.F. (2019). Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorhynchus, Buphagus africanus) and tick abundances in acaricide‐treated livestock areas. African Journal of Ecology, 57(1), 155-159. doi:10.1111/aje.12560

Whitaker, M.R.L., Baker, C.C.M., Salzman, S.M., Martins, D.J., & Pierce, N.E. Combining Stable Isotope Analysis With DNA Metabarcoding Improves Inferences of Trophic Ecology. PLoS One, 14(7), e0219070. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219070

Wigley, B.J., Coetsee, C., Augustine, D., Ratnam, J., Hattas, D., & Sankaran, M. (2019). A thorny issue: woody plant defence and growth in an East African savanna.
Journal of Ecology, 107(4), 1839-1851. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13140

Zimmerman, D.M., Hardgrove, E.H., von Fricken, M.E., Kamau, J., Chai, D., Mutura, S., Kivali, V., Hussein, F., Ambala, P., Surmat, A., Maina, J.G., & Knauf, S. (2019). Antibodies against Treponema pallidum demonstrate that yaws is endemic in nonhuman primates in Laikipia County, Kenya. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 25(11), 2147-2149. doi:10.3201/eid2511.19071
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2018

Bidner, L.R, Matsumoto‐Oda, A., & Isbell, L.A. (2018). The role of sleeping sites in the predator‐prey dynamics of leopards and olive baboons. American Journal of Primatology. 80(12), e22932. doi:10.1002/ajp.2293

Boyle, J. H., Martins, D. J., Pelaez, J., Musili, P. M., Kibet, S., Ndung’u, S. K., Kenfack, D., & Pierce, N. E. (2018). Polygyny does not explain the superior competitive ability of dominant ant associates in the African ant-plant, Acacia (Vachellia) drepanolobium. Ecology & Evolution, 8(3), 1441–1450. doi:10.1002/ece3.3752

Ezenwa, V.O. & Worsley-Tonks, K.E.L. (2018). Social Living Simultaneously Increases Infection Risk and Decreases the Cost of Infection. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285(1892), 1-5. doi:10.1098/rspb.2018.2142

González, J. B., Pepitas, R. H., Franken, O., Kiers, E. T., Veblen, K. E., & Brody, A. K. (2018). Herbivore removal reduces influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on plant growth and tolerance in an East African savanna. Oecologia, 187(1), 123-133. doi:10.1007/s00442-018-4124-4

Guindre-Parker, S. & Rubenstein, D. R. (2018). Testosterone, social status, and parental care in a cooperatively breeding bird. Hormones and Behavior, 97, 85-93. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2017.10.008

Isbell, L. A., Bidnerac, L. R., Van Cleave, E. K., Matsumoto-Oda, A., & Crofoot, M. C. (2018). GPS-identified vulnerabilities of savannah-woodland primates to leopard predation and their implications for early hominins. Journal of Human Evolution, 118, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2018.02.003

Keesing, F., Ostfeld, R. S., Young, T. P., & Allan, B. F. (2018). Cattle and rainfall affect tick abundance in central Kenya. Parasitology, 145(3), 345-354. doi:10.1017/S003118201700155X

Kinga, G. W., Mironga, J., & Odadi, W.O. (2018). Analysis of the spatial relationship between cattle and wild ungulates across different land-use systems in a tropical savanna landscape. International Journal of Ecology, 2018, 1-12. doi:10.1155/2018/2072617

Louthan, A. M., Pringle, R. M., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., Morris, W. F., & Doak, D. F. (2018). Aridity weakens population-level effects of multiple species interactions on Hibiscus meyeri. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(3), 543-548. doi:10.1073/pnas.1708436115

Prior, K. M. & Palmer, T. M. (2018). Economy of scale: third partner strengthens a keystone ant-plant mutualism. Ecology, 99(2), 335–346. doi:10.1002/ecy.2104

Ruiz-Guajardo, J. C., Schnabel, A., McCallum, B., Arnaiz, A. O., Baldock, K. C. R., & Stone, G. N. (2018). Differences in pollination syndromes and the frequency of autonomous delayed selfing between co-flowering Hibiscus aponeurus (Sprague and Hutch) and H. flavifolius (Ulbr) from Kenya. Journal of Pollination Ecology, 22(3), 21-34. doi:10.26786/1920-7603(2018)three

Sitters, J. & Olde Venterink, H. (2018). A stoichiometric perspective of the effect of herbivore dung on ecosystem functioning. Ecology and Evolution, 8(2), 1043–1046. doi:10.1002/ece3.3666

Tucker, M. A., Böhning-Gaese, K., Fagan, W. F., Fryxell, J. M., Van Moorter, B., Alberts, S.C., … Mueller, T. (2018). Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements. Science, 359(6374), 466–469. doi:10.1126/science.aam9712

Young, T. P., Porensky, L. M., Riginos, C., Veblen, K. E., Odadi, W. O., Kimuyu, D., Charles, G. K., & Young, H. (2018). Relationships between cattle and biodiversity in a multi-use landscape revealed by the Kenya Long-term Exclosure Experiment (KLEE). Rangeland Ecology & Management, 71(3), 281-291. doi:10.1016/j.rama.2018.01.005
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2017

Allan, B., Tallis, H., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Huckett, S., Kowal, G., Musengezi, J., Okanga, S., Ostfeld, R. S., Schieltz, J., Warui, C. M., Wood, S. A., Keesing F. (2017). Can integrating wildlife and livestock enhance the delivery of ecosystem services in central Kenya? Frontiers in Ecology & the Environment, 15(6), 328–335. doi:10.1002/fee.1501

Baker, C. C. M., Martins, D. J., Pelaez, J. N., Billen, J. P. J., Pringle, A., Frederickson, M. E., & Pierce, N. E. (2017). Distinctive fungal communities in an obligate African ant plant mutualism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284(1850), doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.2501

Browne, A. S., Fèvre, E. M., Kinnaird, M., Muloi, D. M., Wang, C. A., Larsen, P. S., O’Brien, T. & Deem, S. L. (2017). Serosurvey of Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Laikipia County, Kenya. Zoonoses & Public Health, 64(7), 543–549. doi:10.1111/zph.12337

Charles, G. K., Porensky, L. M., Riginos, C., Veblen, K. E. & Young, T. P. (2017). Herbivore effects on productivity vary by guild: cattle increase mean productivity while wildlife reduce variability. Ecological Applications, 27(1), 143-155. doi:10.1002/eap.1422

Dohn, J., Augustine, D. J., Hanan, N. P., Ratnam, J., & Sankaran, M. (2017). Spatial vegetation patterns and neighborhood competition among woody plants in an East African savanna. Ecology, 98(2), 478–488. doi:10.1002/ecy.1659

Dyck, M. A. (2017). Restoration of native baboon-plant mutualisms following biocontrol of the invasive Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia stricta) in Kenya. (Honors thesis), University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. retrieved from: https://repository.uwyo.edu

Farine, D. R., Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Couzin, I. D., Berger-Wolf, T. Y. & Crofoot, M. C. (2017). Individual variation in local interaction rules can explain emergent patterns of spatial organization in wild baboons. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284(1853). doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.2243

Hauck, S. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2017). Pastoralist societies in flux: a conceptual framework analysis of herding and land use among the Mukugodo Maasai of Kenya. Pastoralism-Research Policy & Practice, 7(18), 1-30. doi:10.1186/s13570-017-0090-4

Isbell, L. A. & Etting, S. F. (2017). Scales drive visual detection, attention, and memory of snakes in wild vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus). Primates, 58(1), 121-129. doi:10.1007/s10329-016-0562-y

Isbell, L. A., Bidner, L. R., Crofoot, M. C., Matsumoto-Oda, A., & Farine, D. R. (2017). GPS-identified, low-level nocturnal activity of vervets (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) and olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 164(1), 203-211. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23259

Kimiti, D. W. (2017). The global land potential knowledge system: use of mobile phone applications in the evaluation and prediction of restoration outcomes. (Doctoral dissertation). New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. retrieved from: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing

Kimiti, D. W., Hodge, A. C., Herrick, J. E., Beh, A. W., & Abbott, L. E. (2017). Rehabilitation of community-owned, mixed-use rangelands: lessons from the Ewaso ecosystem in Kenya. Plant Ecology, 218(1), 23–37. doi:10.1007/s11258-016-0691-9

Kimuyu, D. M., Sensenig, R. L., Chira, R. M., Githaiga, J. M., & Young, T. P. (2017). Spatial scales influence long-term response of herbivores to prescribed burning in a savanna ecosystem. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 54, 935–944. doi:10.1071/WF16152

Kimuyu, D. M., Veblen, K. E., Riginos, C., Chira, R. M., Githaiga, J. M. & Young, T. P. (2017). Influence of cattle on browsing and grazing wildlife varies with rainfall and presence of megaherbivores. Ecological Applications, 27(3), 786-798. doi:10.1002/eap.1482

Li, S., Levin, N. E., Soderberg, K., Dennis, K. J., & Caylor, K. K. (2017). Triple oxygen isotope composition of leaf waters in Mpala, central Kenya. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 468, 38–50. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.02.015

Long, R. A., Wambua, A., Goheen, J. R., & Palmer, T. M. (2017). Climatic variation modulates the indirect effects of large herbivores on small‐mammal habitat use. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 739–748. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12669

Montzka, C., Bogena, H.R., Zreda, M., Monerris, A., & Vereecken, H. (2017). Validation of spaceborne and modelled surface soil moisture products with cosmic-ray neutron probes. Remote Sensing, 9(2), 103. doi:10.3390/rs9020103

Ndeereh, D., Muchemi, G., Thaiyah, A., Otiende, M., Angelone-Alasaad, S., & Jowers, M.J. (2017). Molecular survey of Coxiella burnetii in wildlife and ticks at wildlife–livestock interfaces in Kenya. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 72(3), 277-289. doi:10.1007/s10493-017-0146-6

Odadi, W. O., Fargione, J., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2017). Vegetation, wildlife and livestock responses to planned grazing management in an African pastoral landscape. Land Degradation & Development, 28(7), 2030–2038. doi:10.1002/ldr.2725

Odadi, W. O., Kimuyu, D. M., Veblen, K. E., Riginos, C., & Young, T. P. (2017). Fire-induced negative responses of cattle to shared foraging with native ungulates in an African savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54(3), 935–944. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12785

Palmer, T. M., Riginos, C., Damiani, R., Morgan, N., Lemboi, J., Lengingiro, J., Ruiz Guajardo, J. C., & Pringle, R. M. (2017). Influence of neighboring plants on the dynamics of an ant-acacia protection mutualism. Ecology, 98(12), 3034-3043. doi:10.1002/ecy.2008

Petipas, R. H., González, J. B., Palmer, T. M., & Brody, A. M. (2017). Habitat-specific AMF symbioses enhance drought tolerance of a native Kenyan grass. Acta Oecologia, 78, 71-78. doi:10.1016/j.actao.2016.12.005

Piantadosi, S. T., & Cantlon, J. F. (2017). True numerical cognition in the wild. Psychological Science, 28(4), 462-469.

Pringle, R. M. & Tarnita, C. E. (2017). Spatial self-organization of ecosystems: integrating multiple mechanisms of regular-pattern formation. Annual Review of Entomology, 62, 359–377.

Riginos, C., Porensky, L.M., Veblen, K.E., & Young, T.P. (2017) Herbivory and drought generate short‐term stochasticity and long‐term stability in a savanna understory community. Ecological Applications, 28(2), 323-335. doi:10.1002/eap.1649

Ruiz-Guajardo, J. C., Grossenbacher, D. L., Grosberg, R. K., Palmer T. M., & Stanton, M. L. (2017). Impacts of worker density in colony-level aggression, expansion, and survival of the acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Ecological Monographs, 87(2), 246–259. doi:10.1002/ecm.1245

Schieltz, J. M., Okanga, S., Allan, B. F., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2017). GPS tracking cattle as a monitoring tool for conservation and management. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 34(3), 173-177. doi:10.2989/10220119.2017.1387175

Sensenig, R. L., Kimuyu, D. K., Ruiz Guajardo, J. C., Veblen, K. E., Riginos, C., & Young, T. P. (2017). Fire disturbance disrupts an acacia ant-plant mutualism in favor of a subordinate ant species. Ecology, 98(5), 1455-1464. doi:10.1002/ecy.1797

Sharaf, M. R., Akbar, S. A., Aldawood, A. S., & Hita Garcia, F. (2017). Review of the ant genus Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) from the Arabian Peninsula. African Invertebrates, 58(2), 21-37. doi:10.3897/AfrInvertebr.58.12782

Tarnita, C. E., Bonachela, J. A., Sheffer, E., Guyton, J. A., Coverdale, T. C., Long, R. A., & Pringle, R. M. (2017). A theoretical foundation for multi-scale regular vegetation patterns. Nature, 541(7637), 398-401. doi:10.1038/nature20801

Titcomb, G., Allan, B. F., Ainsworth, T., Henson, L., Hedlund, T., Pringle, R. M., Palmer, T. M., Njoroge, L., Campana, M. G., Fleischer, R. C., Mantas, J.N., & Young, H. S., (2017). Interacting effects of wildlife loss and climate on ticks and tick-borne disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284(1862), 20170475. doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.0475

Williams, A. E., Worsley-Tonks, K. E. L., & Ezenwaac, V. O. (2017). Drivers and consequences of variation in individual social connectivity. Animal Behaviour, 133, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.08.021

Wilmers, C. C., Isbell, L. A., Suraci, J.P., & Williams, T. M. (2017). Energetics-informed behavioral states reveal the drive to kill in African leopards. Ecosphere, 8(6), e01850. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1850

Young, H. S., McCauley, D. J., Dirzo, R., Nunn, C. L., Agwanda, B., Campana, M., Fleischer, R., Castillo, E.O., Salkeld, D., Lambin, E., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., Pringle, R. M., Riginos, C., & Helgen, K. M. (2017). Interacting effects of land-use and climate on rodent-borne disease in central Kenya. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 372(1722), 20160116. doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0116

Yurco, K. (2017). Herders and herdsmen: the remaking of pastoral livelihoods in Laikipia, Kenya. Pastoralism-Research Policy & Practice, 7, 15. doi:10.1186/s13570-017-0086-0
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2016

Abonyo, E. A., Maniania, N. K., Warui, C. M., Kokwaro, E. D., Palmer, T. M., Doak, D. F., & Brody, A. K. (2016). Effects of entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae on non-target ants associated with Odontotermes spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) termite mounds in Kenya. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 36(3), 128-134. doi:10.1017/S1742758416000114

Alphayo, L., Wasonga, O. V., Odadi, W. O., & Ngugi, R. K. (2016). Differences of soil properties between planned and unplanned grazing sites in semi-arid pastoral rangelands of northern Kenya. International Journal of Innovative Research & Development, 5(13), 15–23.

Baker, C. C. M., Bittleston, L. S., Sanders, J. G., & Pierce, N. E. (2016). Dissecting host-associated communities with DNA barcodes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371(1702), 20150328. doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0328

Barnier, F., Duncan, P., Fritz, H., Blanchard, P., Rubenstein, D. I., & Pays, O. (2016). Between-gender differences in vigilance do not necessarily lead to differences in foraging-vigilance tradeoffs. Oecologia, 181(3), 757-768. doi:10.1007/s00442-016-3614-5

Brubaker, A. S., & Coss, R. G. (2016). Effects of single- and mixed-species group composition on the flight initiation distances of plains and Grevy’s zebras. Ethology, 122(7), 531–541. doi:10.1111/eth.12500

Campana, M. G., Parker, L. D., Hawkins, M. T. R., Young, H. S., Helgen, K. M., Gunther, M. S., Woodroffe, R., Maldonado, J. E., & Fleischer, R. C. (2016). Genome sequence, population history, and pelage genetics of the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). BMC Genomics, 17(1), 1013. doi:10.1186/s12864-016-3368-9

Coverdale, T. C., Kartzinel, T. R., Grabowski, K. L., Shriver, R. K., Hassan, A. A., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., & Pringle, R. M. (2016). Elephants in the understory: opposing direct and indirect effects of consumption and ecosystem engineering by megaherbivores. Ecology, 97(11), 3219–3230. doi:10.1002/ecy.1557

Ezenwa, V. O., & Snider, M. H. (2016). Reciprocal relationships between behaviour and parasites suggest that negative feedback may drive flexibility in male reproductive behaviour. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283(1831), 20160423. doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.0423

Farine, D. R., Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Berger-Wolf, T., Ziebart, B., Brugere, I., Li, J., & Crofoot, M. C. (2016). Both nearest neighbours and long-term affiliates predict individual locations during collective movement in wild baboons. Scientific Reports, 6, 27704. doi:10.1038/srep27704

Gawriluk, T. R., Simkin, J., Thompson, K. L., Biswas, S.K., Clare-Salzler, Z., Kimani, J. M., Kiama, S. G., Ezenwa V. O., Smith, J. J., & Seifert, A. W. (2016). Comparative analysis of ear-hole closure identifies epimorphic regeneration as a discrete trait in mammals. Nature Communications, 7, 11164. doi:10.1038/ncomms11164

Ghai, R. R., Mutinda, M., & Ezenwa, V. O. (2016). Limited sharing of tick-borne hemoparasites between sympatric wild and domestic ungulates. Veterinary Parasitology, 226, 167–173. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2016.07.005

Goldenberg, S. Z., Oduor, S., Margaret, F. K., Daballen, D., Douglas-Hamilton, I., & Wittemyer, G. (2016). Evidence of strong spatial segregation between elephant subpopulations in the contiguous Laikipia–Samburu ecosystem in Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 54(2), 261–264. doi:10.1111/aje.12310

Gower, D. B., Dell’Angelo, J., McCord, P. F., Caylor, K. K., & Evans, T. P. (2016). Modeling ecohydrological dynamics of smallholder strategies for food production in dryland agricultural systems. Environmental Research Letters, 11(11), 115005. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/115005

Guerra, A. S., Eckerlin, R. P., Dowling, A. P. G., Durden, L. A., Robbins, R. G., Dittmar, K., Helgen, K. M., Agwanda, B., Allan, B. F., Hedlund, T., & Young, H. S. (2016). Host-parasite associations in small mammal communities in semiarid savanna ecosystems of East Africa. Journal of Medical Entomology, 53(4), 851–860. doi:10.1093/jme/tjw048

Isbell, L. A. & Bidner, L. R. (2016). Vervet monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) alarm calls to leopards (Panthera pardus) function as a predator deterrent. Behaviour, 153(5), 591–606. doi:10.1163/1568539X-00003365

Kahumbu, P., Martins, D.J., Schieltz, J. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2016) Transforming the next generation through citizen science in Kenya: the Kids’ Twiga Tally. Swara, April-June, 52-56.

Keen, S., Meliza, C. D., Pilowsky, J., & Rubenstein, D. R. (2016). Song in a social and sexual context: Vocalizations signal identity and rank in both sexes of a cooperative breeder. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 4, 1–9. doi:10.3389/fevo.2016.00046

Kibet, S., Nyangito, M., MacOpiyo, L., & Kenfack, D. (2016). Tracing innovation pathways in the management of natural and social capital on Laikipia Maasai Group Ranches, Kenya. Pastoralism, 6(1), 16. doi:10.1186/s13570-016-0063-z

Kimiti, D. W., Riginos, C., & Belnap, J., (2016). Low-cost grass restoration using erosion barriers in a degraded African rangeland. Restoration Ecology, 25(3), 376–384. doi:10.1111/rec.12426

Kimuyu, D. M. (2016). Cattle, wildlife and fire interactions in a savanna ecosystem, Laikipia, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation). University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya. retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11295/97091

King, E. G. & Franz, T. E. (2016). Combining ecohydrologic and transition probability-based modeling to simulate vegetation dynamics in a semi-arid rangeland. Ecological Modelling, 329, 41–63. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.02.019

Lalampaa, P. K. (2016). Influence of holistic grazing management on herbaceous species diversity, range use pattern and livestock productivity in Laikipia County, Kenya. (MSc. thesis). University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya. retrieved from http://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke/handle/11295/97520

Lalampaa, P. K., Wasonga, O. V., Rubenstein, D. I., & Njoka, J. T. (2016). Effects of holistic grazing management on milk production, weight gain, and visitation to grazing areas by livestock and wildlife in Laikipia County, Kenya. Ecological Processes, 5(1), 17. doi:10.1186/s13717-016-0061-5

Louthan, A. M. (2016). The relative strength of abiotic and biotic controls on species range limits. (Doctoral dissertation). University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA. retrieved from https://scholar.colorado.edu/envs_gradetds/32/

Martins, D. J. & Collins, S. C. (2016). Pocket guide: Butterflies of East Africa. South Africa, Penguin-Random House-Struik.

Matsumoto-Oda, A. & Collins, A. D. (2016). Two newly observed cases of fish-eating in Anubis Baboons. Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science, 7(1), 5–9. doi:10.5178/lebs.2016.41

McNally, A., Shukla, S., Arsenault, K. R., Wang, S., Peters-Lidard, C. D., & Verdin, J. P. (2016). Evaluating ESA CCI soil moisture in East Africa. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation & Geoinformation, 48, 96-109. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2016.01.001

Milligan, P. D., Prior, K. M., & Palmer, T. M. (2016). An invasive ant reduces diversity but does not disrupt a key ecosystem function in an African savanna. Ecosphere, 7(10), e01502. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1502

O’Connor, D. A., Butt, B., & Foufopoulos, J. B. (2016). Mapping the ecological footprint of large livestock overlapping with wildlife in Kenyan pastoralist landscapes. African Journal of Ecology, 54(1), 114–117. doi:10.1111/aje.12241

Obonyo, M. O., Akoko, J. M., Orinde, A. B., Osoro, E., Boru, W. G., Njeru, I., & Fèvre, E. M. (2016). Suspected rabies in humans and animals, Laikipia County, Kenya. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22(3), 551–553. doi:10.3201/eid2203.151118.

Pauly, A. (2016). Description de Patellapis (Chaetalictus) mpalaensis sp. nov. et redescription de P. (C.) virungae Timmermann, 2009 de l’Afrique orientale et centrale (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae). Belgian Journal of Entomology, 36, 1–11.

Porensky, L. M. & Young, T. P. (2016). Development of edge effects around experimental ecosystem hotspots is affected by hotspot density and matrix type. Landscape Ecology, 31(8), 1663–1680. doi:10.1007/s10980-016-0344-3

Potts, S.G., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L., Ngo, H.T., Biesmeijer, J.C., Breeze, T.D., Dicks, L.V.,… Viana, B.F. (2016). Summary for policymakers of the assessment report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services on pollinators, pollination, and food production. Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, 1-30. retrieved from www.ipbes.net/assessment-reports/pollinators

Pringle, R. M., Prior, K. M., Palmer, T. M., Young, T. P., & Goheen, J. R. (2016). Large herbivores promote habitat specialization and beta diversity of African savanna trees. Ecology, 97(10), 2640–2657. doi: 10.1002/ecy.1522

Rubenstein, D. I., Cao, Q. & Chui, J. (2016). Equids and ecological niches: behavioral and life history variations on a common theme. In J.R. Ransom & P. Kaczencky (Eds.), Wild equids: Ecology, management, and conservation (pp. 58-68). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Rubenstein, D. I., Low Mackey, B., Davidson, Z. D., Kebede, F. & King, S. R. B. (2016). Equus grevyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T7950A89624491.

Rubenstein, D. R. (2016). Superb starlings: cooperation and conflict in an unpredictable environment. In W. Koenig & J. Dickinson (Eds.), Cooperative breeding in vertebrates: Studies of ecology, evolution, and behavior (pp. 181–196). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Rubenstein, D. R., Skolnik, H., Berrio, A., Champagne, F. A., Phelps, S., & Solomon, J. (2016). Sex-specific fitness effects of unpredictable early life conditions are associated with DNA methylation in the avian glucocorticoid receptor. Molecular Ecology, 25(8), 1714–1728. doi:10.1111/mec.13483

Rudolph, K. P. & McEntee, J. P. (2016). Spoils of war and peace: enemy adoption and queen-right colony fusion follow costly intraspecific conflict in acacia ants. Behavioral Ecology, 27(3), 793–802. doi:10.1093/beheco/arv219

Schieltz, J. M. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2016). Evidence based review: positive versus negative effects of livestock grazing on wildlife. What do we really know? Environmental Research Letters, 11(11), 113003. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/113003

Smith, D. A., Gordon, I. J., Traut, W., Herren, J., Collins, S., Martins, D. J., Saitoti, K., & Ireri, P. (2016). A neo-W chromosome in a tropical butterfly links colour pattern, male-killing, and speciation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283(1835), 20160821. doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.0821

Strandburg-Peshkin, A. (2016). From fish schools to primate societies: The dynamics of collective movement in animal groups (Doctoral dissertation). Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA.

Uyehara, I. K., Sisanya, M., Hemp, C., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2016). Effects of traditional pastoralism on grasshopper (Caelifera) assemblages in East Africa. African Journal of Ecology, 54(2), 167–173. doi:10.1111/aje.12279

Veblen, K. E., Porensky, L. M., Riginos, C., & Young, T. P. (2016). Are cattle surrogate wildlife? Savanna plant community composition explained by total herbivory more than herbivore type. Ecological Applications, 26(6), 1610–1623. doi:10.1890/15-1367.1

Young, H. S., Dirzo, R., Helgen, K. M., McCauley, D. J., Nunn, C., Snyder, P., Veblen, K. E., Zhao, S., & Ezenwa, V. O. (2016). Large wildlife removal drives redistribution of immune defenses in rodents. Functional Ecology, 30(5), 799-807. doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12542
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2015

Apakupakul, K. & Rubenstein, D. R. (2015). Bateman’s Principle Is Reversed in a Cooperatively Breeding Bird. Biological Letters, 11(4), 1–4. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0034

Awuor, F. O. (2015). Impacts of military training on the distribution and abundance of small versus large wildlife herbivores on Mpala Ranch, Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 53(2), 1–4. doi:10.1111/aje.12210

Bonachela, J. A., Pringle, R. M., Sheffer, E., Coverdale, T. C., Guyton, J. A., Caylor, K. K., Levin, S. A., & Tarnita, C. E. (2015). Termite mounds can increase the robustness of dryland ecosystems to climatic change. Science, 347(6222), 651-655. doi:10.1126/science.1261487

Costelloe, B. R. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Coping with transition: offspring risk and maternal behavioural changes at the end of the hiding phase. Animal Behavior, 109, 217–225. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.08.022

Deem, S. L., Fèvre, E.M., Kinnaird, M., Browne, A. S., Muloi, D., Godeke, G., Koopmans, M., & Reusken, C. B. (2015). Serological evidence of MERS-CoV antibodies in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedaries) in Laikipia County, Kenya. PloS One 12(5), e0178310. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140125

Ford, A.T. & Goheen, J.R. (2015a). Trophic cascades by large carnivores: a case for strong inference and mechanism. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 30(12), 725–735. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.09.012

Ford, A. T, & Goheen, J.R. (2015b). An experimental study on risk effects in a dwarf antelope, Madoqua guentheri. Journal of Mammalogy, 96(5), 918–926. doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyv090.

Ford, A. T. (2015). The mechanistic pathways of trophic interactions in human-occupied landscapes. Science, 350(6265), 1175-1176. doi:10.1126/science.aad7134

Ford, A. T., Goheen, J.R., Augustine, D.J., Kinnaird, M., O’Brien, T.J., Palmer, T. M., Pringle, R.M., & Woodroffe, R. (2015). Recovery of African wild dogs suppresses prey but does not trigger a trophic cascade. Ecological Society of America, 96(10), 2705–2714. doi:10.1890/14-2056.1

Fraser, L. H., Pither, J. Jentsch, A., Sternberg, M., Zobel, M., Askarizadeh, D., Bartha, S., et al. (2015). Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness. Science, 349(6245), 302–306. doi:10.1126/science.aab3916

Iles, L. & Lane, P. (2015). Iron production in second millennium AD pastoralist contexts on the Laikipia Plateau, Kenya. Azania, 50(3), 372-401. doi:10.1080/0067270X.2015.1079379

Kartzinel, T. R., Chen, P. A., Coverdale, T. C., Erickson, D. L., Kress, W. J., Kuzmina, M. L., Rubenstein, D. I., Wang, W., & Pringle, R. M. (2015). DNA metabarcoding illuminates dietary niche partitioning by African large herbivores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(26), 8019–8024. doi:10.1073/pnas.1503283112

Larison, B., Harrigan, R. J., Thomassen, H. A., Rubenstein, D. I., Chan-Golston, A. M., Li, E., & Smith, T. B. (2015). How the zebra got its stripes: a problem with too many solutions. Royal Society Open Science, 2(1), 140452. doi:10.1098/rsos.140452

Mally, R., Korycinska, A., Agassiz, D. J. L., Hall, J., Hodgetts, J., & Nuss, M. (2015). Discovery of an unknown diversity of Leucinodes species damaging Solanaceae fruits in sub-Saharan Africa and moving in trade (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Pyraloidea). Zookeys, 472, 117–162. doi:10.3897/zookeys.472.8781

Matsumoto-Oda, A. (2015). How surviving baboons behaved after leopard predation: a case report. Anthropological Science, 123(1), 13-17. doi:10.1537/ase.150223

O’Connor, D. A., Butt B., & Foufopoulos, J. B. (2015). Foraging ecologies of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) and camels (Camelus dromedarius) in northern Kenya: effects of habitat structure and possibilities for competition? African Journal of Ecology, 53(2), 183–193. doi:10.1111/aje.12204

Odadi, W. O. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Herd size-dependent effects of restricted foraging time allowance on cattle behavior, nutrition, and performance. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 68(4), 341-348. doi:10.1016/j.rama.2015.05.009

Oriol-cotterill, A., Macdonald, D.W., Valeix, M., Ekwanga, S., and Frank, L.G. (2015). Spatiotemporal patterns of lion space use in a human-dominated landscape. Animal Behaviour, 101, 27–39. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.11.020

Pennisi, E. (2015). Africa’s Soil Engineers: Termites. Science, 347(6222), 596–597. doi:10.1126/science.347.6222.596

Pollack, L. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2015). The fitness consequences of kin-biased dispersal in a cooperatively breeding bird. Biology Letters, 11(7). doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0336

Porensky, L. M. & Veblen, K.E. (2015). Generation of ecosystem hotspots using short-term cattle corrals in an African savanna. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 68(2), 131–141. doi:10.1016/j.rama.2015.01.002

Riginos, C., Karande, M.A., Rubenstein, D.I., & Palmer, T.M. (2015). Disruption of a protective ant-plant mutualism by an invasive ant increases elephant damage to savanna trees. Ecology, 96(3), 654–661.

Riginos, C. (2015). Climate and the landscape of fear in an African savanna. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84, 124–133. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12262.

Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Networks of terrestrial ungulates: linking form and function. In J. Krause, R. James, D.W. Franks & D.P. Croft (Eds.), Animal social networks (pp. 184-196). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Rubenstein, D.I., Berger-Wolf, T., Tantipathananandh, C., Sundaresan, S., & Fischoff, I. (2015). Similar but different: dynamic social network analysis highlights fundamental differences between the fission-fusion societies of two quid species, the onager and Grevy’s zebra. PLoS One, 10(10), e0138645. doi:10:1371/journal.pone.0138645

Schieltz, J.M. & Rubenstein, D.I. (2015). Caught between two worlds: genes and environment influence behaviour of plains and Grevy’s zebra hybrids in central Kenya. Animal Behaviour, 106, 17–26. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.04.026

Searchinger, T. D., Estes, L., Thornton, P. K., Beringer, T., Notenbaert, A., Rubenstein, D. I, Heimlich, R., Licker, R., & Herrero, M. (2015). High carbon and biodiversity costs from converting Africa’s wet savannahs to cropland. Nature Climate Change, 5, 481-486. doi:10.1038/nclimate2584

Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Farine, D. R., Couzin, I. D., & Crofoot, M. C. (2015). Shared decision-making drives collective movement in wild baboons. Science, 348(6241), 1358–1361. doi:10.1126/science.aaa5099

Tong, W., Shapiro, B., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Genetic relatedness in two-tiered plains zebra societies suggests that females choose to associate with kin. Behaviour, 152(15), 2059 – 2078. doi:10.1163/1568539X-00003314
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2014

Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., Davies, S.J., Bennett, A.C., Gonzalez-Akre, E.B., Muller-Landau, H.C., Wright, S.J., … Zimmerman, J. (2014). CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology, 21(2), 528-549. doi:10.1111/gcb.12712

Brown, J.W., Copeland, R.S., Aarvik, L., Miller, S.E., Rosati, M.E., & Luke, Q. (2014). Host records for fruit-feeding Afrotropical Tortricidae (Lepidoptera). African Entomology, 22(2), 343-376. doi:10.4001/003.022.0225

DePuy, W., Benka, V., Massey, A., Deem, S., Kinnaird, M.F., O’Brien, T., … & Hardin, R. (2014). Q fever risk across a dynamic, heterogeneous landscape in Laikipia County, Kenya. Ecohealth, 11(3), 429-433. doi:10.1007/s10393-014-0924-0

Dolrenry, S., Stenglein, J., Hazzah, L., Lutz, R.S., & Frank, L. (2014). Metapopulation approach to African lion (Panthera leo) conservation. PLOS ONE, 9(2), e88081. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088081

Ford, A.T., Goheen, J.R., Otieno, T.O., Bidner, L., Isbell, L.A., Palmer, T.M., Ward, D., Woodroffe, R., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Large carnivores make savanna tree communities less thorny. Science, 346(6207), 346-349. doi:10.1126/science.1252753

Franz, T.E., Zreda, M., & King, E.G. (2014). Cosmic-ray soil moisture probe: a new technology to manage African dryland ecosystems. In L.K Heng, K. Sakadevan, G. Dercon, & M.L. Nguyen (Eds.), International Symposium on Managing Soils for Food Security and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation (pp. 381–386). Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Kane, A., Jackson, A.L., Ogada, D.L., Monadjem, A., McNally, L., & Kane, A. (2014). Vultures acquire information on carcass location from scavenging eagles. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281(1793), 20141072. doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.1072

Kartzinel, T.R., Goheen, J.R., Charles, G.K., Defranco, E., Maclean, J.E., Otieno, T., Palmer, T.M., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Plant and small mammal responses to large-herbivore exclusion in a semi-arid African savanna: the first five years of the UHURU experiment. Ecology, 95, 787.

Kaye-Zwiebel, E. & King, E. (2014). Kenyan pastoralist societies in transition: varying perceptions of the value of ecosystem services. Ecology and Society, 19(3), 17. doi:10.5751/ES-06753-190317

Keesing, F. & Young, T.P. (2014). Cascading consequences of the loss of large mammals in an African savanna. Bioscience, 64(6), 487-405. doi:10.1093/biosci/biu059

Kendall, C.J., Virani, M.Z., Hopcraft, J.G.C., Bildstein, K.L., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2014). African vultures don’t follow migratory herds: scavenger habitat use is not mediated by prey abundance. PLoS ONE, 1(9), e83470. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083470

Kimuyu, D.K., Sensenig, R.L., Riginos, C., Veblen, K.E., & Young, T.P. (2014). Wild and domestic browsers and grazers reduce fuels, fire temperatures, and acacia ant mortality in an African savanna. Ecological Applications, 24(4), 741-749.

Lekerpes, S.S., Jung’a, J.O., Badamana, M.S., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2014). Genetics polymorphism of beta-lactoglobulin in Kenyan small East Africa goat breed using PCR-RFLP and sequencing. Journal of Animal Science, 3(8), 233-239. doi:10.14196/sjas.v3i9.1658

Louthan, A.M., Doak, D.F., Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Mechanisms of plant–plant interactions: concealment from herbivores is more important than abiotic-stress mediation in an African savannah. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281(1780), 2013264. doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.2647

Ngatia, L.W., Reddy, K.R., Naira, P.K.R., Pringle, R.M., Palmer, T.M., & Turner, B.L. (2014). Seasonal patterns in decomposition and nutrient release. Agriculture, Ecosystems, & Environment, 188, 12-19. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2014.02.004

Petipas, R.H. & Brody, A.K. (2014). Termites and ungulates affect arbuscular mycorrhizal richness and infectivity in a semi-arid savanna. Botany, 92(3), 233-240. doi:10.1139/cjb-2013-0223

Pringle, R.M., Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., Charles, G.K., Defranco, E., Hohbein, R., Ford, A.T., & Tarnita, C. (2014). Low functional redundancy among mammalian browsers in regulating an encroaching shrub (Solanum campylacanthum) in African savanna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281(1785), 20140390. doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.0390

Riginos, C., Karande, M.A., Rubenstein, D.I., & Palmer, T.M. (2014). Disruption of a protective ant- plant mutualism by an invasive ant increases elephant damage to savanna trees. Ecology, 96(3), 654-661. doi:10.1890/14-1348.1

Roberts, B.A. & Rubenstein, D.I. (2014). Maternal tactics for mitigating neonate predation risk during the postpartum period in Thomson’s gazelle. Behavior, 151(9), 1229-1248. doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.1534542

Scott, S.E., Copeland, R.S., Rosati, M.E., & Hebert, P.D.N. (2014). DNA barcodes of Microlepidoptera reared from native fruit in Kenya. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 116, 137-142. doi:10.4289/0013-8797.116.1.137

Shen, S., Akçay, E., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2014). Group size and social conflict in complex societies. The American Naturalist, 183(2), 301–310. doi:10.1086/674378

Tallis, H., Lubchenko, J., & 238 co-signatories (including Kinnaird, M.F.). (2014). Working together: a call for inclusive conservation. Nature, 515(7525), 27-28.

Tarnita, C.E., Palmer, T.M., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Colonisation and competition dynamics can explain incomplete sterilisation parasitism in ant–plant symbioses. Ecology Letters, 17(10), 1290-1298. doi:10.1111/ele.12336

Toth, A.B., Lyons, S.K., & Behrensmeyer, A.K. (2014). A century of change in Kenya’s mammal communities: increased richness and decreased uniqueness in six protected areas. PLoS ONE, 9(4), e93092. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093092

Weinman, L.R., Solomon, J.W., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2014). A comparison of SNP and microsatellite markers for analysis of parentage and kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Molecular Ecology, 15(3), 502–511. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12330

Young, H. S., Dirzo, R., Helgen, K. M., McCauley, D. J., Billeter, S., Kosoy, M., Osikowicz, L., Young, T. P., & Dittmar, K. (2014). Declines in large wildlife increase landscape-level prevalence of rodent-borne disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(19), 7036-7041. doi:10.1073/pnas.1404958111
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2013

Beauquier, J., Blanchard, P., Burman, J., & Delaët, S. (2013). Tight complexity analysis of population protocols with cover times – The ZebraNet example. Theoretical Computer Science, 512, 15-27. doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2012.10.032

Bergstrom, B.J. (2013). Would East African savanna rodents inhibit woody encroachment? Evidence from stable isotopes and microhistological analysis of feces. Journal of Mammalogy, 94(2), 436-447. doi:10.1644/12-MAMM-A-146.1

Crall, J.P., Stewart, C.V., Berger-Wolf, T.Y., Rubenstein, D. I., & Sundaresan, S.R. (2013). HotSpotter – patterned species instance recognition. IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision. doi:10.1109/WACV.2013.6475023

Creel, S., Dantzer, B., Goymann, W., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2013). The ecology of stress: effects of the social environment. Functional Ecology, 27(1), 66-80. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2012.02029.x

Donihue, C.M., Porensky, L.M., Foufopoulus, J., Riginos, C., & Pringle, R.M. (2013). Glade cascades: indirect legacy effects of pastoralism enhance the abundance and spatial structuring of arboreal fauna. Ecology, 94(4), 827-837. doi:10.1890/12-0856.1

Isbell, L.A. (2013). Erythrocebus patas Patas monkey. In J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, & J. Kalina (Eds.), The Mammals of Africa: Vol. II Primates (pp. 257-264). London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Isbell, L.A. & Jaffe, K.L.E. (2013). Chlorocebus pygerythrus Vervet monkey. In J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, & J. Kalina (Eds.), The Mammals of Africa: Vol II Primates (pp. 277-283). London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Isbell, L.A., Rothman, J.M., Young, P.J., & Rudolph, K. (2013). Nutritional benefits of Crematogaster mimosae ants and Acacia drepanolobium gum for patas monkeys and vervets in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 150(2), 286-300. doi:10.1002/ajpa.22205

Keen, S.C., Meliza, C.D., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2013). Flight calls signal group and individual identity but not kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Behavioral Ecology, 24(6), 1279-1285.

Keesing, F., Allan, B.F., Young, T.P., & Ostfeld, R.S. (2013). Effects of wildlife and cattle on tick abundance in central Kenya. Ecological Applications, 23(6), 1410–1418.

Kirigia, A., Njoka, J.T., Kinyua, P.D., & Young, T.P. (2013). Characterizations of livestock manure marketing chain and the annual income contribution of manure trade in Mukogodo, Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8, 5864-5871.

Lane, P.J. (2013). Trajectories to pastoralism in northern and central Kenya: an overview of the archaeological and environmental evidence. In M. Bollig & Hans-Peter Wotzka (Eds.), Pastoralism in Africa: Past, Present and Future (pp. 104-144). Oxford, NY: Berghahn Books.

Louthan, A. M., Doak, D. F., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., & Pringle, R. M. (2013). Climatic stress mediates the impacts of herbivory on plant population structure and components of individual fitness. Journal of Ecology, 101(4), 1074-1083. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12090

Maia, R., Rubenstein, D.R., & Shawkey, M.D. (2013). Key ornamental innovations facilitate diversification in an avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(26), 10687-10692. doi:10.1073/pnas.1220784110

Martins, D.J. (2013). People, Plants and Pollinators: Uniting Conservation, Food Security, and Sustainable Agriculture in East Africa. In N.S. Sodhi, L. Gibson, & P.H. Raven (Eds.), Conservation Biology: Voices from the Tropics, First Edition (ch. 27). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi:10.1002/9781118679838.ch27

Martins, D.J. & Johnson, S.D. (2013). Interactions between hawkmoths and flowering plants in East Africa: polyphagy and evolutionary specialization in an ecological context. Biological Journal of the Linean Society, 110(1), 199-213. doi:10.1111/bij.12107

Meliza, C.D., Keen, S.C., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2013). Pitch- and spectral-based dynamic time warping methods for comparing field recordings of harmonic avian vocalizations. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(2), 1407-1415. doi:10.1121/1.4812269

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., Young, T.P., Lemboi, J.S., Goheen, J.R., & Pringle, R.M. (2013). A role for indirect facilitation in supporting diversity in a guild of African acacia ants. Ecology, 94(7), 1531-1539.

Pilowsky, J.A. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2013). Social context and the lack of sexual dimorphism in song in an avian cooperative breeder. Animal Behaviour, 85(4), 709-714. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.01.012

Porensky, L.M. & Young, T.P. (2013). Edge-effects interactions in fragmented and patchy landscapes. Conservation Biology, 27(3), 509-519. doi:10.1111/cobi.12042

Porensky, L.M., Wittman, S.E., Riginos, C., & Young, T.P. (2013). Herbivory and drought interact to enhance spatial patterning and diversity in a savanna understory. Oecologia, 173(2), 591-602. doi:10.1007/s00442-013-2637-4

Porensky, L.M., Bucher, S.F., Veblen, K.E., Treydte, A.C., & Young, T.P. (2013). Megaherbivores and cattle alter edge effects around nutrient hotspots in an East African savanna. Journal of Arid Environments, 96, 55-63. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2013.04.003

Poulsen, J. R., Clark, C. J., & Palmer, T. M. (2013). Ecological erosion of an Afrotropical forest and potential consequences for tree recruitment and forest biomass. Biological Conservation, 163, 122-130. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2013.03.021

Prager, K.C., Mazet, J.A.K, Dubovi, J., Frank, L.G., Wagner, A.P., & Woodroofe, R. (2013). Rabies virus and canine distemper virus in wild and domestic carnivores in Northern Kenya: are domestic dogs the reservoir? EcoHealth, 9(4), 483-498. doi:10.1007/s10393-013-0815-9

Rota, J. & Miller, S. (2013). A new genus of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae) with Afrotropical and Australasian distribution. ZooKeys, 355, 29-47. doi:10.3897/zookeys.355.6158

Rubin, B.E., Anderson, R.M., Kennedy, D., Palmer, T.M., & Stanton, M.L. (2013). Polygyny in the nest-site limited acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Insectes Sociaux, 60(2), 231-241. doi:10.1007/s00040-013-0287-5

Rudolph, K. E. & Palmer, T. M. (2013). Carbohydrates as fuel for defense, foraging and colony growth – a field test with the tropical plant-ant Crematogaster nigriceps in Laikipia, Kenya. Biotropica, 45(5), 620-627. doi:10.1111/btp.12040

Sankaran, S., Augustine, D.J., & Ratnam, J. (2013). Native ungulates of diverse body sizes collectively regulate long-term woody plant demography and structure of a semi-arid savanna. Journal of Ecology, 101(6), 1389-1399. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12147

Schumer, M., Birger, R., Tantipathananandh, C., Aurisano, J., Maggioni, M., & Mwangi, P. (2013). Infestation by a common parasite is correlated with ant symbiont identity in a plant-ant mutualism. Biotropica, 45(3), 276-279. doi:10.1111/btp.12038

Soderberg, K., Good, S. P., O’Connor, M., Wang, L., Ryan, K., & Caylor, K. K. (2013). Using atmospheric trajectories to model the isotopic composition of rainfall in central Kenya. Ecosphere 4(3), 1-18. doi:10.1890/ES12-00160.1

Veblen, K.E. (2013). Impacts of traditional livestock corrals on woody plant communities in an East African savanna. Rangeland Journal, 35(3), 349-353. doi:10.1071/RJ13001

Veiga, J.P., Wamiti, W., Polo, V., & Muchai, M. (2013). Interaction between distant taxa in the use of tree cavities in African ecosystems: a study using nest-boxes. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 29(3), 187-197. doi:10.1017/S026646741300014X

Wilkerson, M.L., Roche, L., & Young, T.P. (2013). Indirect effects of domestic and native herbivores on butterflies in an African savanna. Ecology and Evolution, 3, 3672-3682. doi:10.1002/ece3.744

Young, H. S., McCauley, D. J., Helgen, K. M., Otarola-Castillo, E., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., Pringle, R. M., Young, T. P., & Dirzo, R. (2013). Effects of mammalian herbivore declines on plant communities: observations and experiments in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology, 101(4), 1030-1041.

Yusuf, A.A., Gordon, I., Crewe, R.M., & Pirk, C.W.W. (2013). Prey choice and raiding behavior of the Ponerine ant Pachycondyla analis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History, 48(5-6), 345-358. doi:10.1080/00222933.2013.791931

Yusuf, A.A., Crewe, R.M., & Pirk, C.W.W. (2013). An effective method for maintaining the African termite-raiding ant Pachycondyla analis in the laboratory. African Entomology 21(1), 132-136. doi:10.4001/003.021.0126

Zero, V.H., Sundaresan, S.R., O’Brien, T.G., & Kinnaird, M.F. (2013). Monitoring an Endangered savannah ungulate, Grevy’s Equus grevyi: choosing a method for estimating population densities. Oryx, 47(3), 410-419. doi:10.1017/S0030605312000324
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2012

Chandler, M., Bebber, D.P., Castro, S., Lowman, M.D., Muoria, P., Oguge, N., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2012). International citizen science: making the local global. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10(6), 328-331. doi:10.1890/110283

Didier, K. A., Cotterill, A., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Frank, L., Georgiadis, N.J., Graham, M., Ihwagi, F., King, J., Malleret-King, D., Rubenstein, D. I., Wilkie, D., & Woodroffe, R. (2011). Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem. In N. J. Georgiadis (Ed.), Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, (pp. 105-123). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.

Dixit, A., Levin, S., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2012). Reciprocal insurance among Kenyan pastoralists. Theoretical Ecology, 6(2), 173-187. doi:10.1007/s12080-012-0169-x

Dunne, J., Evershed, R.P., Salque, M., Cramp, L., Bruni, S., Ryan, K., Biagetti, S., & di Lernia, S. (2012). First dairying in green Saharan Africa in the fifth millennium BC. Nature, 486, 390-394. doi:10.1038/nature11186

Franz, T. E., Caylor, K.K., King, E.G., Nordbotten, J. M., Celia, M. A., & Rodríguez-Iturbe, I. (2012). An ecohydrological approach to predicting hillslope-scale vegetation patterns in dryland ecosytems. Water Resources Research, 48(1), 1515. doi:10.1029/2011WR010524

Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., Charles, G.K., Helfen, K.M., Kinyua, S.N., Maclean, J.E., Young, H.S., & Pringle, R.M. (2012). Piecewise disassembly of a large-herbivore community across a rainfall gradient: the UHURU experiment. PLoS One, 8(2), e55192. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055192

Good, S.P., Soderberg, K., Wang, L., & Caylor, K.K. (2012). Uncertainties in the assessment of the isotopic composition of surface fluxes: a direct comparison of techniques using laser-based water vapor isotope analyzers. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 117(D15), D15301. doi:10.1029/2011JD017168

Herrick, J.E., Andrews, S., Baldi, G., Bestelmeyer, B.T., Brown, J., Davies, J., Duniway, M., Havstad, K.M, Peters, D., Quinton, J., Riginos, C., Shaver, P., Steinaker, D., & Twomlow, S. (2012). Revolutionary land use change in the 21st century: is (rangeland) science relevant? Rangeland Ecology and Management, 65(6), 590-598. doi:10.2111/REM-D-11-00186.1

Kinnaird, M.F. & O’Brien, T.G. (2012). Effects of private-land use, livestock management, and human tolerance on diversity, distribution, and abundance of large African mammals. Conservation Biology, 26(6), 1026-1039. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01942.x

Kuria, S.K. & Villet, M. H. (2012). The role of ants and mammalian herbivores on the structure and composition of insect communities found on canopies of Acacia drepanolobium. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7, 5317-5331.

Miller, G.R., Cable, J.M., McDonald, A.K., Bond, B., Franz, T.E., Wang, L., Gou, S., Tyler, A.P., Zou, C.B., & Scott, R.L. (2012). Understanding ecohydrological connectivity in savannas: a system dynamics modelling approach. Ecohydrology, 5(2), 200–220. doi:10.1002/eco.245

Odadi, W.O., Abdulrazak, S.A., Karachi, M.M., & Young, T.P. Protein supplementation-driven shifts in forage selection by cattle: implications for cattle wildlife coexistence. Ecological Applications, 23(2), 455-463. doi:10.2307/23441008

Ogada, D.L., Torchin, M.E., Kinnaird, M.F., & Ezenwa, V.O. (2012). Effects of vulture declines on facultative scavengers and potential implications for mammalian disease transmission. Conservation Biology, 26(3), 453-460. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01827.x

Palmer, T.M. & Brody, A.K. (2012). Enough is enough: the effects of symbiotic ant abundance on herbivory, growth and reproduction in an African acacia. Ecology, 94(3), 683-691.

Porensky, L.M. & Veblen, K.E. (2012). Grasses and large herbivores reinforce landscape heterogeneity by excluding trees from ecosystem hotspots. Oecologia,168(3), 749-759. doi:10.1007/s00442-011-2123-9

Porensky, L.M. (2012). Interacting edges in an African savanna. (Doctoral dissertation) University of California at Davis, Davis, California, USA.

Prager, K.C., Mazet, J.A.K., Munson, L., Cleaveland, S., Donnelly, C.A., McNutt, J.W., Rasmussen, G., Terio, K., & Woodroffe. R. (2012). The effect of protected areas on pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) populations. Biological Conservation, 150(1), 15–22. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.03.005

Pringle, R.M. (2012). How to be manipulative. American Scientist, 100(1), 30-37. doi:10.1511/2012.94.30

Riginos, C., Belknap, J., & Kamiti, D. (2012). Cost-effectiveness of simple technologies to reduce erosion and promote grass establishment. RB-04-2012, USAID.

Riginos, C., Herrick, J., & Shaver, P. (2012). Return on investments in land management with ecological site information. RB-06-2012, USAID.

Riginos, R., Porensky, L.M., Veblen, K.E., Odadi, W.O., Sensenig, R.L., Keesing, F., Kimuyu, D., Wilkerson, M.L., & Young, T.P. (2012). Lessons on the relationship between pastoralism and biodiversity from the Kenya Long-term Exclosure Experiment (KLEE). Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice, 2, 10. doi:10.1186/2041-7136-2-10

Seifert, A. W., Kiama, S.G., Seifert, M.G., Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., & Maden, M. (2012). Skin shedding and tissue regeneration in African spiny mice (Acomys). Nature, 489(7417), 561–565. doi:10.1038/nature11499

Soderberg, K., Good, S.P., Wang, L., & Caylor, K. K. (2012). Stable isotopes of water vapor in the Vadose Zone: A review of measurement and modeling techniques. Vadose Zone Journal, 11 (3): doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0165er

Veblen, K.E. (2012). Savanna glade hotspots: plant community development and synergy with large herbivores. Journal of Arid Environments, 78, 119-127. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.10.016

Wang, L., Zou, C., O’Donnell, F., Good, S., Franz, T., Miller, G.R., Caylor, K.K., Cable, J.M., & Bond, B. (2012). Characterizing ecohydrological and biogeochemical connectivity across multiple scales: a new conceptual framework. Ecohydrology, 5(2), 221–233. doi:10.1002/eco.187

Zreda, M., Shuttleworth, W.J., Zeng, X., Zweck, C., Desilets, D., Franz, T.E., & Rosolem, R. (2012). COSMOS: The cosmic-ray soil moisture observing system. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(11), 4079–4099. doi:10.5194/hess-16-4079-2012
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2011

Agassiz, D.J.L. (2011). The Lepidoptera of Acacia domatia in Kenya, with description of two new genera and six new species. Journal of Natural History, 45(29-30), 1867-1893. doi:10.1080/00222933.2011.565155

Augustine, D.J., Veblen, K.E., Goheen, J.R., Riginos, C., & Young, T.P. (2011). Pathways for positive cattle-wildlife interactions in semi-arid rangelands. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 55-71. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632.55

Baldock, K.C.R., Memmott, J., Ruiz-Guajardo, J.C., Roze, D., & Stone, G.N. (2011). Daily temporal structure in African savanna flower visitation networks and consequences for network sampling. Ecology, 92(3), 687-698. doi:10.1890/10-1110.1

Didier, K.A., Cotterill, A., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Frank, L., Georgiadis, N.J., Graham, M., Ihwagi, F., King, J., Malleret-King, D., Rubenstein, D., Wilkie, D., & Woodroffe, R. (2011). Landscape-scale conservation planning of the Ewaso Nyiro: a model for land-use planning in Kenya? Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 105-123. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632.105

Frank , L. Living with Lions: Lessons from Laikipia. (2011). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 73-84.

Lalah, J.O., Otieno, P.O., Richards, N., Odino, M., Frank, L., Cotterill, A., Dolrenry, S., Hazzah, L., Ogada, D., Virani, M.Z., & Martins, D.J. (2011). A chronicling of long‐standing carbofuran Use and its menace to wildlife in Kenya. In N. Richards (Ed.), Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global Perspectives and Forensic Approaches (pp.70-74). Chichester West, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Franz, T. E., Nolan, J., Nordbotten, J. M., Caylor, K. K., & Slater, L. D. (2011). Quantifying transient soil moisture dynamics using multipoint direct-current resistivity in homogeneous sand. Vadose Zone Journal, 10, 286–298. doi:10.2136/vzj2010.0031

Franz, T. E., King, E. G., Caylor, K. K, & Robinson, D. A. (2011). Coupling vegetation organization patterns to soil resource heterogeneity in a central Kenyan dryland using geophysical imagery. Water Resources Research, 47(7), W07531. doi:10.1029/2010WR010127.

Georgiadis, N. J. (2011). Conserving wildlife in African landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso ecosystem. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 632, 1-123. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632

Georgiadis, N.J. (2011). Introduction: conserving wildlife in Kenya’s Ewaso landscape. In N.J. Georgiadis (Ed.), Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem (pp. 1-10). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Libraries. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632

Georgiadis, N.J., Olwero, J.G.N., Osundwa, & Aike, G. (2011). Reassessing aerial sample surveys for wildlife monitoring, conservation, and management. In N.J. Georgiadis (Ed.), Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem (pp. 31-42). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Libraries. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632

Gitahi, N. & Fitzgerald, K.H. (2011). Conserving wildlife on private land: the legal framework for landownership and new tools for conservation. In N.J. Georgiadis (Ed.), Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem (pp. 95-104). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Libraries. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632

Good, S.P. & Caylor, K.K. (2011). Climatological determinants of woody cover in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(12), 4902-4907. doi:10.1073/pnas.1013100108

Kingdon, J., Agwanda, B., Kinnaird, M., O’Brien, T., Holland, C., Gheysens, T., Boulet-Audet, M., & Vollrath, F. (2011). A poisonous surprise under the coat of the African crested rat. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279(1729), 675-680. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1169

Lahiri, M., Tantipathananandh, C., Warungu, R., Rubenstein, D.I., & Berger-Wolf, T.Y. (2011). Biometric animal databases from field photographs: identification of individual zebra in the wild. Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval (ICMR 2011), Trento, Italy, 2011.

Lane, P.J. (2011). An outline of the later Holocene archaeology and precolonial history of the Ewaso Basin, Kenya. In N.J. Georgiadis (Ed.), Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem (pp. 11-30). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Libraries. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632

Maclean, J.E., Goheen, J.R., Doak, D.F., Palmer, T.M., & Young, T.P. (2011). Cryptic herbivores mediate the strength and form of ungulate impacts on a long‐lived savanna tree. Ecology, 92(8), 1626–1636. doi:10.1890/10-2097.1

Nuñez, C., Asa, C. S., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2011). Zebra reproduction: plains zebra (Equus burchelli), mountain zebra (Equus zebra), and Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi). In A. O. McKinnon, E. L Squires, W. E. Vaala & D. D. Varner (Eds.), Equine Reproduction, 2nd edition (pp. 2851-2865). Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.

O’Brien, T.G. & Kinnaird, M.F. (2011). Density estimation of sympatric carnivores using spatially explicit capture—recapture methods and standard trapping grid. Ecological Applications, 21(8), 2908-2916. doi:10.1890/10-2284.1

Odadi, W.O., Karachi, M.M., Abdulrazak, A.S., & Young, T.P. (2011). African wild ungulates compete with, or facilitate, cattle depending on season. Science, 333, 1753-1755. doi:10.1126/science.1204498

Odadi, W.O., Jain, M., Van Wieren, S.E., Prins, H.H.T., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2011). Facilitation between bovids and equids in an African savanna. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 13, 237-252.

Ogada, D.L. & Gregory, N.C. (2011). Northward extension of the known range of the bush pipit Anthus caffer blayneyi in Kenya and preliminary evidence for a northern breeding population. Scopus Journal of East African Ornithology, 31, 11-18.

Ogada, D.L. (2011). A chronicling of long-standing carbofuran use and its menace to wildlife in Kenya: Threats of secondary Furadan poisoning to scavengers, especially vultures, in Kenya. In N. Richards (Ed), Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global Perspectives and Forensic Approaches (pp. 74-76). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Parker, G., Sundaresan, S., Chege, G., & O’Brien, T. (2011). Using sample aerial surveys to estimate the abundance of the endangered Grevy’s zebra in northern Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 49(1), 56-61. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01232.x

Porensky, L.M. (2011). When edges meet: interacting edge effects in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology, 99(4), 923-934. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01824.x

Pringle, R.M., Palmer, T.M., McCauley, D.J., & Keesing, F. (2011). Ecological importance of large herbivores in the Ewaso ecosystem. In N.J. Georgiadis (Ed.), Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem (pp. 43-54). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Libraries. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632

Riginos, C., Herrick, J.E., Sundaresan, S.R., Farley, C., & Belnap, J. (2011). A simple graphical approach to quantitative monitoring of rangelands. Rangelands, 33(4), 6-13. doi:10.2458/azu_rangelands_v33i4_riginos

Roberts, B.R. (2011). Perinatal behavior of a wild Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi) mare and foal. Journal of Ethology, 30(1), 205-209. doi:10.1007/s10164-011-0308-7

Romañach, S.S., Lindsey, P.A., & Woodroffe, R. (2011). Attitudes toward predators and options for their conservation in the Ewaso Ecosystem. In N.J. Georgiadis (Ed.), Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem (pp. 85-94). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Libraries. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.632

Rubenstein, D. I. (2011). Family equidae (horses and relatives). In D. E. Wilson & R. A. Mittermeier (Eds.), Handbook of Mammals of the World, Vol. 2, Hoofed Mammals (pp. 106-143). Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.


Rubenstein, D.R. (2011). Spatiotemporal environmental variation, risk aversion, and the evolution of cooperative breeding as a bet-hedging strategy. PNAS, 108(Suppl 2), 10816-10822. doi:10.1073/pnas.1100303108

Shrestha, B., Reed, J.M., Starks, P.T.B., Kaufman, G.E., Goldstone, J.V., Roelke, M.E., O’Brien, S.J., Koepfli, K. Frank, L.G., & Court, M. (2011). Evolution of a major drug metabolizing enzyme defect in the domestic cat and other Felidae: phylogenetic timing and the role of hypercarnivory. PLoS ONE, 6(3), e18046. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018046

Stanton, M.L. & Palmer, T.M. (2011). The high cost of mutualism: effects of four species of East African ant symbionts on their myrmecophyte host tree. Ecology, 92(5), 1073–1082. doi:10.1890/10-1239.1

Sundaresan, S.R., Riginos, C., & Abelson, E.S. (2011). Management and analysis of camera trap data: alternative approaches (response to Harris et al. 2010). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 92(2), 188-195. doi:10.1890/0012-9623-92.2.188

Woodroffe, R. (2011). Demography of a recovering African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) population. Journal of Mammalogy, 92(2), 305-315. doi:10.1644/10-MAMM-A-157.1

Woodroffe, R. & Donnelly, C.A. (2011). Risk of contact between endangered African wild dogs Lycaon pictus and domestic dogs: opportunities for pathogen transmission. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48(6), 1345-1354. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02059.x
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2010

Adamski, D., Copeland, R.S., Miller, S.E., Hebert, P.D.N., Darrow, K., & Luke, Q. (2010). A review of African Blastobasinae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea: Coleophoridae), with new taxa reared from native fruits in Kenya. USDA Systematic Entomology Laboratory, 58.

Augustine, D.J. 2010. Response of native ungulates to drought in semi-arid Kenyan rangeland. African Journal of Ecology, 48(4), 1009-1020. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01207.x

Baldock, K., Memmott, J., Guajardo, J.R., Roze, D., & Stone, G. (2010). Daily temporal structure in African savannah flower-visitation networks, and consequences for network sampling. Ecology, 92(3), 687-698.

Brody, A.K., Palmer, T.M., Fox-Dobbs, K., & Doak, D.F. (2010). Termites, vertebrate herbivores, and the fruiting success of Acacia drepanolobium. Ecology, 91(2), 399-407.

Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Larkin, H.M., Sellier, M., Cordingley, J.E., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2010). A rare fight in female plains zebra. Journal of Ethology, 28, 201-205. doi:10.1007/s10164-009-0183-7

Fox-Dobbs, K., Doak, D.F., Brody, A.K., & Palmer, T.M. (2010). Termites create spatial structure and govern ecosystem function by affecting N2 fixation in an East African savanna. Ecology, 91(5), 1296-1307. doi:10.1890/09-0653.1

Franz, T.E., Caylor, K.K., Nordbotten, J.M., Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., & Celia, M.A. (2010). An ecohydrological approach to predicting regional woody species distribution patterns in dryland ecosystems. Advances in Water Resources, 33(2), 215-230. doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2009.12.003

Funston, P. J., Frank, L., Stephens, T., Davidson, Z., Loveridge, A., Macdonald, D.M., Durant, S., Packer, C., Mosser, A., & Ferreira, S.M. (2010). Substrate and species constraints on the use of track incidences to estimate African large carnivore abundance. Journal of Zoology, 281(1), 56-65. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2009.00682.x

Goheen, J.R. & Palmer, T.M. (2010). Defensive plant-ants stabilize megaherbivore-driven landscape change in an African savanna. Current Biology, 20(19), 1768-1772. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2010.08.015

Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., Keesing, F., Riginos, C., & Young, T.P. (2010). Large herbivores facilitate savanna tree establishment via diverse and indirect pathways. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79(2), 372-382. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2009.01644.x

Gregory, N.C., Sensenig, R.L., & Wilcove, D.S. (2010). Effects of controlled fire and livestock grazing on bird communities in East African savannas. Conservation Biology, 24(6), 1606-1616. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01533.x

Jaffe, K.E. & Isbell, L.A. (2010). Changes in ranging and agonistic behavior of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) after predator-induced group fusion. American Journal of Primatology, 72(7), 634–644. doi:10.1002/ajp.20821

Kiers, E.T., Palmer, T.M., Ives, A.R., Bruno, J., & Bronstein, J.L. (2010). Mutualisms in a changing world: an evolutionary perspective. Ecology Letters, 13(12), 1459-1474. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01538.x

King, E.G. & Caylor, K.K. (2010). Herbivores and mutualistic ants interact to modify tree photosynthesis. New Phytologist, 187(1), 17-21. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03286.x

Kinyua, D.M., McGeoch, L.E., Georgiadis, N., & Young, T.P. (2010). Short-term and long-term effects of tilling, fertilization, and seeding on the restoration of a tropical rangeland. Restoration Ecology, 18(S1), 226-233. doi:10.1111/j.1526-100X.2009.00594.x

Kuria, S.K., Villet, M.H., Palmer, T.M., & Stanton, M.L. (2010). A comparison of two sampling methods for surveying mammalian herbivore impacts on beetle communities in the canopy of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. African Entomology, 18(1), 87-98. doi:10.4001/003.018.0109

Loveridge, A.J., Wang, S.W., Frank, L.G., & Seidensticker, J. (2010). People and wild felids: conservation of cats and management of conflicts. In Macdonald, D. & Loveridge, A.J. (Eds.), The biology and conservation of wild felids (pp. 161-195). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Martins, D.J. (2010). Not all ants are equal: obligate acacia ants provide different levels of protection against mega‐herbivores. African Journal of Ecology, 48(4), 1115-1122. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01226.x

O’Brien, T.G. (2010). Wildlife picture index and biodiversity monitoring: issues and future directions. Animal Conservation, 13(4), 350-352. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2010.00384.x

O’Brien, T.G., Baillie, J.E.M., Krueger, L., & Cuke, M. (2010). The Wildlife Picture Index: monitoring top trophic levels. Animal Conservation, 13(4), 335-343. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2010.00357.x

Ogada, D.L. & Keesing, F. (2010). Decline of raptors over a three-year period in Laikipia, Central Kenya. Journal of Raptor Research, 44(2), 129-135. doi:10.3356/JRR-09-49.1

Palmer, T.M., Doak, D.F., Stanton, M.L., Bronstein, J.L., Kiers, E.T., Young, T.P., Goheen, J.R., & Pringle, R.M. (2010). Synergy of multiple partners, including freeloaders, increases host fitness in a multispecies mutualism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(40), 17234-17239. doi:10.1073/pnas.1006872107

Pringle, R.M., Doak, D.F., Brody, A.K., Jocqué, R., & Palmer, T.M. (2010). Spatial pattern enhances ecosystem functioning in an African savanna. PLoS Biology, 8(5), e1000377. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000377

Riginos, C. & Herrick, J.E. (2010). Monitoring rangeland health: a guide for pastoralists and other land managers in Eastern Africa, version II. Nairobi, Kenya: ELMT-USAID/East Africa. Retrieved from https://mpala.org/Monitoring_Guide.pdf

Rubenstein, D.I. (2010). Ecology, social behavior, and conservation in zebras. In R. Macedo (Ed.), Advances in the study of behavior: behavioral ecology of tropical animals vol. 42 (pp. 231-258). Cambridge, MA: Elsevier Academic Press.

Sensenig, R., Demment, M., & Laca, E. (2010). Allometric scaling predicts preferences for burned patches in a guild of East African grazers. Ecology, 91(10), 2898-2907. doi:10.1890/09-1673.1

Stanton, M.L. & Palmer, T.M. (2010). The high cost of mutualism: effects of four species of East African ant symbionts on their myrmecophyte host tree. Ecology, 92(5), 1073-1082. doi:10.1890/10-1239.1

Sundaresan, S. & Riginos, C. (2010). Lessons learned from biodiversity conservation in the private lands of Laikipia, Kenya. Great Plains Research, 20, 17-28.

Treydte, A.C., Riginos, C., & Jeltsch, F. (2010). Enhanced use of beneath-canopy vegetation by grazing ungulates in African savannahs. Journal of Arid Environments, 74(12), 1597-1603. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.07.003

Veblen, K.E. & Young, T.P. (2010). Contrasting effects of cattle and wildlife on the vegetation development of a savanna landscape mosaic. Journal of Ecology, 98(5), 993-1001. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01705.x

Woodroffe, R. (2011). Ranging behaviour of African wild dog packs in a human-dominated landscape. Journal of Zoology, 283(2), 88-97. doi:j.1469-7998.2010.00747.x

Yusuf, A.A., Pirk, C.W.W., Crewe, R.M., Njagi, P.G.N., Gordon, I., & Torto, B. (2010). Nestmate recognition and the role of cuticular hydrocarbons in the African termite raiding ant Pachycondyla analis. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36(4), 441-448. doi:10.1007/s10886-010-9774-6
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2009

Campos, D.P., Bander, L.A., Raksi, A.R., & Blumstein, D.T. (2009). Perch exposure and predation risk: a comparative study in passerines. Acta Ethologica, 12(2), 93-98. doi:10.1007/s10211-009-0061-x

Cordingley, J.E., Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Shapiro, B., Ruskey, J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2009). Is the endangered Grevy’s zebra threatened by hybridization? Animal Conservation, 12(6), 505-513. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00294.x

Cordingley, J.E., Sundaresan, S.R., Larison, B.J., Shapiro, B., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2009). Grevy’s zebra conservation: overcoming threats of isolation, genetic hybridization and demographic instability. Animal Conservation, 12(6), 520-521. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00336.x

Didier, K.A., Wilkie, D., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Frank, L., Georgiadis, N., Graham, M., Ihwagi, F.W., King, A., Cotterill, A.O., Rubenstein, D.I., & Woodroffe, R. (2009). Conservation planning on a budget: a “resource light” method for mapping priorities at a landscape scale? Biodiversity and Conservation, 18, 1979-2000. doi:10.1007/s10531-008-9568-0

Fischhoff, I.R., Dushoff, J., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J.E., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2009). Reproductive status influences group size and persistence of bonds in male plains zebra (Equus burchelli). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63(7), 1035-1043. doi:10.1007/s00265-009-0723-8

Fong, T.E., DeLong, T.W., Hogan, S.B., & Blumstein, D.T. (2009). The importance of indirect cues for white-browed sparrow-weaver (Plocepasser mahali) risk assessment. Acta Ethologica 12(2), 79-85. doi:10.1007/s10211-009-0059-4

Gurkovich, A. V. & V. V. Zolotuhin. (2009). A revision of the African Odontocheilopteryx Wallengren, 1860 (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 63, 77-101.

Hazzah, L., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., & Frank, L.G. (2009). Lions and warriors: social factors underlying declining African lion populations and the effect of incentive-based management in Kenya. Biological Conservation, 142(11), 2428-2437. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2009.06.006

Isbell, L.A., Young, T.P., Jaffe, K.E., Carlson, A.A., & Chancellor, R.L. (2009). Demography and life history of sympatric patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas, and vervets, Cercopithecus aethiops, in Laikipia, Kenya. International Journal of Primatology, 30(1), 103-124. doi:10.1007/s10764-010-9444-0

Jaffe, K.E. & Isbell, L.A. (2009). After the fire: benefits of reduced ground cover for vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). American Journal of Primatology, 71(3), 252-260. doi:10.1002/ajp.20644

Laidre M.E. (2009). Informative breath: olfactory cues sought during social foraging among old world monkeys (Mandrillus sphinx, M. leucophaeus, and Papio anubis). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 123(1), 34–44. doi:10.1037/a0013129

Low, B., Sundaresan, S.R., Fischoff, I.R., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2009). Partnering with local communities to identify conservation priorities for endangered Grevy’s zebra. Biological Conservation, 142(7), 1548-1555. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2009.02.003

Maclennan, S.D., Groom, R. Macdonald, D. W., & Frank. L.G. (2009). Evaluation of a compensation scheme to bring about pastoralist tolerance of lions. Biological Conservation, 142(11), 2419-2427. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.12.003

McNutt, J.W. & Woodroffe, R. (2009). Lycaon pictus. In J.S. Kingdon, M. Hoffmann, T. Butynski, & D. Happold (Eds.), The Mammals of Africa Vol 5. Carnivora, Pholidota, Perissodactyla. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Muoria, P.K., Muruthi, P., Low, B., Omondi, P., Mutua, C.M., Benard, J., Oguge, N.O., King, J., Sundaresan, S.R., Chege, G., & Parker, G. (2009). Kenya launches national strategy to conserve Grevy’s zebra. Oryx, 43(2), 171-172.

Odadi, W.O., Okeyo-Owuor, J.B., & Young, T.P (2009). Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East Africa rangeland. Journal of Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 116(2), 120-125. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2008.08.010

Ogada, M.O., Aloo, P. A., & Muruthi, P. M. (2009). The African clawless otter Aonyx capensis (Schinz, 1821) and its diet as an indicator of crayfish invasion dynamics in aquatic systems. African Journal of Ecology, 47(1), 119-120. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00910.x

Riginos, C. (2009). Grass competition suppresses savanna tree growth across multiple demographic stages. Ecology, 90(2), 335-340. doi:10.1890/08-0462.1

Riginos, C., Grace, J.B., Augustine, D.J., & Young, T.P. (2009). Local versus landscape-scale effects of savanna trees on grasses. Journal of Ecology, 97(6), 1337-1345. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2009.01563.x

Rubenstein, D.I. & Nuñez, C. (2009). Sociality and reproductive skew in horses and zebras. In R. Hager & C.B. Jones (Eds.), Reproductive Skew in Vertebrates: Proximate and Ultimate Causes (pp. 196-226). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Rubenstein, D.R. & Lovette, I.J. (2009). Reproductive skew and selection on female ornamentation in social species. Nature, 462(7274), 786-789. doi:10.1038/nature08614

Rubenstein, D.R. & Shen, S.F. (2009). Reproductive conflict and the costs of social status in cooperatively breeding vertebrates. The American Naturalist, 173(5), 650-661. doi:10.1086/597606

Rubin, B.E., Makarewich, C.A., Talaba, A.L., Stenzler, L., Bogdanowicz, S.M., & Lovettet, I.J. (2009). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers from the acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9(4), 1212-1214. doi:10.1111/j.1755-0998.2009.02614.x

Shorrocks, B. & Croft, D.P. (2009). Necks and networks: a preliminary study of population structure in the reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata de Winston). African Journal of Ecology, 47(3), 374-381. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2008.00984.x

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischoff, I.R., & Dushoff, J. (2009). Avoiding spurious findings of nonrandom social structure in association data. Animal Behaviour, 77(6), 1381-1385. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.01.021

Woodroffe, R., Chapman, K. & Lemusana, E. (2009). Solitary breeding in an African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). African Journal of Ecology, 47(4), 790-791. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2008.00979.x

Zolotuhin, V. V. & Gurkovich, A. V. (2009). A review of the genus Pachypasa Walker, 1855 sensu lato in Africa (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 63, 1-75.
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2008

Coleman, A., Richardson, D., Schechter, R., & Blumstein, D.T. (2008). Does habituation to humans influence predator discrimination in Gunther’s dik-diks (Madoqua guentheri)? Biology Letters, 4(3), 250-252. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0078

De Jong, Y.A., Butynski, T.M., & Nekaris, K.A.I. (2008). Distribution and conservation of the patas monkey Erythrocebus patas in Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, 97(1), 83-102. doi:10.2982/0012-8317(2008)97[83:DACOTP]2.0.CO;2

Dominy, N.J., Vogel, E.R., Yeakel, J.D., Constantino, P., & Lucas, P.W. (2008). Mechanical properties of plant underground storage organs and implications for dietary models of early hominins. Evolutionary Biology, 35(3), 159-175. doi:10.1007/s11692-008-9026-7

Franceschini, M.D., Rubenstein, D.I., Low, B., & Romero, L.M. (2008). Fecal glucocorticoid metabolite analysis as an indicator of stress during translocation and acclimation in an endangered large mammal, the Grevy’s zebra. Animal Conservation, 11(4), 263-269. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2008.00175.x

Gordon, R.D. & Barbero, E. (2008). Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) of the Mpala Research Centre and environs, Laikipia District, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, 97, 135-164. doi:10.2982/0012-8317-97.2.135

Gordon, R.D., Bordat, P., Dellacasa, G., Dellacasa, M. 2008. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) of the Mpala Research Centre and environs, Laikipia District, Kenya. Insecta Mundi, 28, 1-15.

Laidre, M.E. 2008. Spontaneous performance of wild baboons on three novel food-access puzzles. Animal Cognition, 11(2), 223-230.

Lea, A.J., Barrera, J.P., Tom, L.M., & Blumstein, D.T. (2008). Heterospecific eavesdropping in a nonsocial species. Behavioral Ecology, 19(5), 1041-1046. doi:10.1093/beheco/arn064

Lovette, I.J., McCleery, B.V., Talaba, A.L., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2008). A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 47(1), 251-260. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.01.020

Martin II, L.B. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2008). Stress hormones in tropical birds: patterns and future directions. Ornitologia Neotropical, 19, 207-218.

McCauley, D.J., Keesing, F., Young, T.P., & Dittmar, K. (2008). Effects of the removal of large herbivores on fleas of small mammals. Journal of Vector Ecology, 33(2), 263-268. doi:10.3376/1081-1710-33.2.263

Off, E.C., Isbell, L.A., & Young, T.P. (2008). Population density and habitat preferences of the Kenya lesser galago (Galago senegalensis braccatus) along the Ewaso Nyiro River, Laikipia, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, 97(1), 109-116. doi:10.2982/0012-8317(2008)97[109:PDAHPO]2.0.CO;2

Ogada, D.L., Gadd, M.E., Ostfeld, R.S., Young, T.P., & Keesing, F. (2008). Impacts of large herbivorous mammals on bird diversity and abundance in an African savanna. Oecologia, 156(2), 387-397. doi:10.1007/s00442-008-0994-1

Okello, B.D., Young, T.P., Riginos, C., Kelly, D., & O’Connor, T.G. (2008). Short-term survival and long-term mortality of Acacia drepanolobium after a controlled burn. African Journal of Ecology, 46(3), 395-401. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00872.x

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., Young, T.P., Goheen, J.R., Pringle, R.M., & Karban, R. (2008). Breakdown of an ant-plant mutualism follows the loss of large herbivores from an African savanna. Science, 319(5860), 192-195. doi:10.1126/science.1151579

Pringle, R.M. (2008). Elephants as agents of habitat creation for small vertebrates at the patch scale. Ecology, 89(1), 26-33.

Pringle, R.M. & Fox-Dobbs, K. (2008). Coupling of canopy and understory food webs by ground-dwelling predators. Ecology Letters, 11(12), 1328-1337. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01252.x

Riginos, C. & Grace, J.B. (2008). Savanna tree density, herbivores, and the herbaceous community: bottom-up vs. top-down effects. Ecology, 89(8), 2228-2238.

Romañach, S.S. & Lindsey, P.A. (2008). Conservation implications of prey responses to wild dogs Lycaon pictus during the denning season on wildlife ranches. Animal Conservation, 11(2), 111-117. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2007.00156.x

Shorrocks, B., Cristescu, B., & Magane, S. (2008). Estimating density of Kirk’s dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii Gunther), impala (Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein) and common zebra (Equus burchelli Gray) at Mpala, Laikipia District, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 46(4), 612-619. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00915.x

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Hartung, H.M., Akilong, P., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2008). Habitat choice of Grevy’s zebras (Equus grevyi) in Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 46(3), 359-364. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00848.x

Veblen, K.E. (2008). Season- and herbivore-dependent competition and facilitation in a semiarid savanna. Ecology, 89(6), 1532-1540. doi:10.1890/07-0973.1
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2007

Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Habitat use and movements of plains zebra (Equus burchelli) in response to predation in danger from lions. Behavioral Ecology, 18(4), 725-729. doi:10.1093/beheco/arm036

Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J.L., Larkin, H.M., Sellier, M.J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Social relationships and reproductive state influence leadership roles in movements of plains zebra, Equus burchelli. Animal Behaviour, 73(5), 825-831

Georgiadis, N.J., Olwero, J.G.N., Ojwang, G., & Romañach, S.S. (2007a). Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape: I. Dependence on land use, rainfall, density, and time. Biological Conservation, 137, 461-472. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.03.005

Georgiadis, N.J., Ihwagi, F., Olwero, J.G.N., & Romañach, S.S. (2007b). Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape. II: Ecological, conservation, and management implications of predator restoration. Biological Conservation, 137(3), 473-483. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.03.006

Goheen, J.R., Young, T.P., Keesing, F., & Palmer, T.M. (2007). Consequences of herbivory by native ungulates for the reproduction of a savanna tree. Journal of Ecology, 95(1), 129-138. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01196.x

Isbell, L.A. & Chism, J. (2007). Distribution and abundance of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya, 1979-2004. American Journal of Primatology, 69(11), 1223-1235. doi:10.1002/ajp.20427

Isbell, L.A. & Young, T.P. (2007). Interspecific and temporal variation of ant species within Acacia drepanolobium ant domatia, a staple food of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Primatology, 69(12), 1387-1398. doi:10.1002/ajp.20444

Lovette, I.J. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for a cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44(3), 1031-1056.

Martins, D.J. & Johnson, S.D. (2007). Hawkmoth pollination of aerangoid orchids in Kenya, with special reference to nectar sugar concentration gradients in the floral spurs. American Journal of Botany, 94(4), 650-659. doi:10.3732/ajb.94.4.650

Odadi, W.O., Young, T.P., & Okeyo-Owuor, J.B. (2007). Effects of wildlife on cattle diets in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 60(2), 179-185. doi:10.2111/05-044R3.1

Palmer, T.M. & Brody, A.K. (2007). Mutualism as reciprocal exploitation: African plant-ants defend foliar but not reproductive structures. Ecology, 88(12), 3004-3011. doi:10.1890/07-0133.1

Pont, A.C. & Baldock, K.C.R. (2007). Two new species of Muscidae (Diptera) from Kenya, associated with flowers of Acacia species (Fabaceae Mimosoideae) and Balanites species (Balanitaceae). Journal of East African Natural History, 96(1), 83-93.

Pringle, R.M., Young, T.P., Rubenstein, D.I., & McCauley, D.J. (2007). Herbivore-initiated interaction cascades and their modulation by productivity in an African savanna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(1), 193-197. doi:10.1073/pnas.0609840104

Riginos, C. & Young, T.P. (2007). Positive and negative effects of grass, cattle, and wild herbivores on Acacia saplings in an East African savanna. Oecologia, 153(4), 985-995.

Romanach, S.S., Lindsey, P.A., & Woodroffe, R. (2007). Determinants of attitudes towards predators in central Kenya and suggestions for increasing tolerance in livestock dominated landscapes. Oryx, 41(2), 185-195. doi:10.1017/S0030605307001779

Rubenstein, D. I., Sundaresan, S., Fischhoff, I., & Saltz, D. (2007). Social networks in wild asses: comparing patterns and processes among populations. In A. Stubbe, P. Kaczensky, K. Wesche, R. Samjaa, & M. Stubbe (Eds.), Exploration into the biological resources of Mongolia, Vol. 10 (pp. 159-176). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). Female extrapair mate choice in a cooperative breeder: trading sex for help and increasing offspring heterozygosity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274(1620), 1895-1903. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0424

Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). Temporal but not spatial environmental variation drives adaptive offspring sex allocation in a plural cooperative breeder. The American Naturalist, 170(1), 155-165. doi:10.2307/4541067

Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). Stress hormones and sociality: integrating social and environmental stressors. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274(1612), 967-975. doi:10.1098/rspb.2006.0051

Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). Territory quality drives intraspecific patterns of extrapair paternity. Behavioral Ecology, 18, 1058-1064. doi:10.1093/beheco/arm077

Rubenstein, D.R. & Lovette, I.J. (2007). Temporal environmental variability drives the evolution of cooperative breeding in birds. Current Biology, 17(16), 1414-1419.

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Dushoff, J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Network metrics reveal differences in social organization between two fission-fusion species, Grevy’s zebra and onager. Oecologia, 151(1), 140-149.

Sundaresan, S.R. Fischhoff, I.R., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Male harassment influences female movements and associations in Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi). Behavioral Ecology, 18(5), 860-865. doi:10.1093/beheco/arm055

Woodroffe, R., Lindsey, P.A., Romañach, S.S., & ole Ranah, S.M.K. (2007). African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) can subsist on small prey: implications for conservation. Journal of Mammalogy, 88, 181-193. doi:10.1644/05-MAMM-A-405R1.1

Woodroffe, R., Frank, L.G., Lindsey, P.A., ole Ranah, S.M.K., & Romañach, S. (2007). Livestock husbandry as a tool for carnivore conservation in Africa’s community rangelands: a case-control study. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 1245-1260. doi:10.1007/s10531-006-9124-8

Young, T.P. & Augustine, D.J. (2007). Interspecific variation in the reproductive response of Acacia species to protection from large mammalian herbivores. Biotropica, 39, 559-561. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00281.x
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2006

Augustine, D.J. & McNaughton, S.J. (2006). Interactive effects of ungulate herbivores, soil fertility, and variable rainfall on ecosystem processes in a semi-arid savanna. Ecosystems, 9(8), 1242-1256. doi:10.1007/s10021-005-0020-y

Douglas-Hamilton, I., Bhalla, S., Wittemyer, G., & Vollrath, F. (2006). Behavioural reactions of elephants towards a dying and deceased matriarch. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 100(1-2), 87-102. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2006.04.014

Isbell, L.A. (2006). Snakes as agents of evolutionary change in primate brains. Journal of Human Evolution, 51(1), 1-35. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2005.12.012

Lindsey, P.A., Alexander, R., Frank, L.G., Mathieson, A., & Romanach, S.S. (2006). Potential of trophy hunting to create incentives for wildlife conservation in Africa where alternative wildlife-based land uses may not be viable. Animal Conservation, 9(3), 283-291. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2006.00034.x

Lovette, I.J., Rubenstein, D.R., & Watetu, W.N. (2006). Provisioning of fledgling conspecifics by males of the brood-parasitic cuckoos Chrysococcyx klaas and C. caprius. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 118(1), 99-101. doi:10.1676/1559-4991(2006)118[0099:POFCBM]2.0.CO;2

McCauley, D.J., Keesing, F., Young, T.P., Allan, B.F., & Pringle, R.M. (2006). Indirect effects of large herbivores on snakes in an African savanna. Ecology, 87(10), 2657-2663. doi:10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[2657:ieolho]2.0.co;2

O’Reilly, L., Ogada, D., Palmer, T.M., & Keesing, F. 2006. Effects of fire on bird diversity and abundance in an East African savanna. African Journal of Ecology, 44(2), 165-170. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2006.00601.x

Pringle, R.M., Young, T.P., Rubenstein, D.I., & McCauley, D.J. (2006). Herbivore-initiated interaction cascades and their modulation by productivity in an African savanna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(1), 193-197. doi:10.1073/pnas.0609840104

Saltz, D., Rubenstein, D.I., & White, G.C. (2006). The impact of increased environmental stochasticity due to climate change on the dynamics of Asiatic wild ass. Conservation Biology, 20(5), 1402-1409. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00486.x

Wall, J., Douglas-Hamilton, I., & Vollrath, F. (2006). Elephants avoid costly mountaineering. Current Biology, 16(14), 527-529. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2006.06.049

Wood, W.F., Palmer, T.M., & Stanton, M.L. (2006). Volatiles in the mandibular gland of Tetraponera penzigi: a plant ant of the whistling thorn acacia. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 34(6), 536-538. doi:10.1016/j.bse.2006.01.002

Young, T.P. (2006). Declining rural Populations and the future of biodiversity: missing the forest for the trees? Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 9(4), 319-334. doi:10.1080/13880290600827385
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2005

Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D.M. (2005). Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa. Science, 308(5718), 98-103. doi:10.1126/science.1106881

Douglas-Hamilton I., Krink, T., & Vollrath, F. (2005). Movements and corridors of African elephants in relation to protected areas. Naturwissenschaften, 92(4), 158-163. doi: 10.1007/s00114-004-0606-9

Frank, L.G., Woodroffe, R., & Ogada, M.O. (2005). People and predators in Laikipia District, Kenya. In People and Wildlife: Conflict or Co-existence? (pp. 286-304). doi:10.1017/CBO9780511614774.019

Gadd, M.E. (2005). Conservation outside of parks: attitudes of local people in Laikipia, Kenya. Environmental Conservation, 32(1), 50-63. doi:10.1017/S0376892905001918

Mcrae, S.B., Emlen, S.T., Rubenstein, D.R., & Bogdanowicz, S.M. (2005). Polymorphic microsatellite loci in a plural breeder, the grey-capped social weaver (Pseudonigrita arnaudi), isolated with an improved enrichment protocol using fragment size-selection. Molecular Ecology Notes, 5(1), 16-20. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2004.00816.x

Muoria, P.K., Muruthi, P., Rubenstein, D., Oguge, N.O., & Munene, E. (2005). Cross-sectional survey of gastro-intestinal parasites of Grevy’s zebras in southern Samburu, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 43(4), 392-395. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2005.00588.x

Otero-Arnaiz A., Schnabel, A., Glenn, T.C., Schable, N.A., Hagen, C., & Ndong, L. (2005). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the East African tree, Acacia brevispica (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae). Molecular Ecology Notes, 5(2), 366-368. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2005.00929.x

Quicke, D.L.J. & Stanton, M.L. (2005). Trigastrotheca laikipiensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): a new species of brood parasitic wasp that attacks foundress queens of three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 14, 182–190.

Roca, A.L., Georgiadis, N., & O’Brien, S.J. (2005). Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species. Nature Genetics, 37, 96-100. doi:10.1038/ng1485

Rubenstein, D.R. (2005). Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the plural cooperatively breeding superb starling, Lamprotornis superbus. Molecular Ecology Notes, 5(4), 739-744. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2005.01049.x

Sankaran, M., Hanan, N.P., & Zambatis, N. (2005). Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. Nature, 438, 846-849. doi:10.1038/nature04070

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., & Young, T.P. (2005). Ecological barriers to early colony establishment in three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Insectes Sociaux, 52(4), 393-401. doi:10.1007/s00040-005-0826-9

Warui, C.M., Villet, M.H., Young, T.P., & Jocque, R. (2005). Influence of grazing by large mammals on the spider community of a Kenyan savanna biome. Journal of Arachnology, 33(2), 269-279. doi:10.1636/ct05-43.1

Woodroffe, R. & Frank, L.G. (2005). Lethal control of African lions (Panthera leo): local and regional population impacts. Animal Conservation, 8(1), 91-98. doi:10.1017/S1367943004001829

Woodroffe, R., Lindsey, P., Romanach, S., Stein, A., & ole Ranah, S.M.K. (2005). Livestock predation by endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in northern Kenya. Biological Conservation, 124(2), 225-234. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.01.028

Young, T.P., Palmer, T.M., & Gadd, M.E. (2005). Competition and compensation among cattle, zebras, and elephants in a semi-arid savanna in Laikipia, Kenya. Biological Conservation, 122(2), 351-359. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.08.007

Zavala, M.A. & Holdo, R.M. (2005). Delayed effects of fire on habitat use by large herbivores in Acacia drepanolobium savanna. African Journal of Ecology, 43(2), 155-157. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2005.00552.x

Zhang, P., Sadler, C.M., Liu, T., Fischhoff, I., Martonosi, M., Lyons, S.A., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2005). Habitat monitoring with ZebraNet: Design and experiences. In N. Bulusu & S. Jha (Eds.), Wireless sensor networks: A system perspective (pp. 235-257). New York, NY: ACM Publications. doi:10.1145/990680.990704
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2004

Augustine, D.J. (2004). Influence of cattle management on habitat selection by impala on central Kenya rangeland. Journal of Wildlife Management, 68(4), 916-923. doi:10.2193/0022-541X(2004)068[0916:IOCMOH]2.0.CO;2

Augustine, D.J. & McNaughton, S.J. (2004). Regulation of shrub dynamics by native browsing ungulates on East African rangeland. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41(1), 45-58. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2004.00864.x

Augustine, D.J. & McNaughton, S.J. (2004). Temporal asynchrony in soil nutrient dynamics and plant production in a semiarid ecosystem. Ecosystems, 7(8), 829- 840. doi:10.1007/s10021-004-0253-1

Downie, D.A. & Gullan, P.J. (2004). Phylogenetic analysis of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) based on DNA sequences from three nuclear genes, and a review of the higher classification. Systematic Entomology, 29(2), 238-259. doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00241

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Host social behavior and parasitic infection: a multifactorial approach. Behavioral Ecology, 15(3), 446-454. doi:10.1093/beheco/arh028

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Interactions among host diet, nutritional status and gastrointestinal parasite infection in wild bovids. International Journal of Parasitology, 34(4), 535-542. doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2003.11.012

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Parasite infection rates of impala (Aepyceros melampus) in fenced game reserves in relation to reserve characteristics. Biological Conservation, 118(3), 397-401. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2003.09.016

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Selective defecation and selective foraging: antiparasite behavior in wild ungulates? Ethology, 110(11), 851-862. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.2004.01013.x

Frank, L.G. (2004). Taking stock: lions of Laikipia. Africa Geographic, 632, 73-83. doi: 10.5479/si.00810282.632.73

Goheen, J.R., Keesing, F., Allan, B.F., Ogada, D., & Ostfeld, R.S. (2004). Net effects of large mammals on Acacia seedling survival in an African savanna. Ecology, 85(6), 1555-1561. doi:10.1890/03-3060

Huntzinger, M., Karban, R., Young, T.P., & Palmer, T.M. (2004). Relaxation of induced indirect defenses of acacias following exclusion of mammalian herbivores. Ecology, 85(3), 609-614. doi:10.1890/03-3056

Liu, T., Sadler, C.M., Zhang, P., & Martonosi, M. (2004).
Implementing software on resource-constrained mobile sensors: experiences with impala and ZebraNet. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, (pp. 256-269). Boston, MA.

McCarthy, T. & Dorfman, A. (2004). Nowhere to Roam, Time, 30-39.

Palmer, T.M. (2004). Wars of attrition: colony size determines competitive outcomes in a guild of African acacia ants. Animal Behaviour, 68(5), 993-1004. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.02.005

Rubenstein, D.I. (2004). Zebra Sociality: Different Stripes for Different Types. In Balliol College Record, (pp. 18-23).

Rubenstein, D.I. & Hack, M. (2004). Natural and sexual selection and the evolution of multi-level societies: insights from zebras with comparisons to primates. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications and Services (pp. 266-279). Boston, MA. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511542459.017

Sankaran, M. & Augustine, D.J. (2004). Large herbivores suppress decomposer abundance in a semiarid grazing ecosystem. Ecology, 85, 1052-1061.

Warui, C.M., Villet, M.H., & Young, T.P. (2004). Spiders (Araneae) from black cotton soil habitats of a highland savanna biome in Laikipia, central Kenya. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology, 1, 9-20.

Young, T.P. (2004). Fire-induced reproduction of Festuca pilgeri in the subalpine zone of Mount Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 42(3), 235-236. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2004.00515.x
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2003

Augustine, D.J. (2003). Long-term, livestock-mediated redistribution of nitrogen and phosphorous in an East African savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40(1), 137-149. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2003.00778.x

Augustine, D.J. (2003). Spatial heterogeneity in the herbaceous layer of a semi-arid savanna ecosystem. Plant Ecology, 167(2), 319-332. doi:10.1023/A:102392751290

Augustine, D.J., McNaughton, S.J., & Frank, D.A. (2003). Feedbacks between soil nutrients and large herbivores in a managed savanna ecosystem. Ecological Applications, 13(5), 1325-1337. doi:10.1890/02-5283

Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D.M. (2003). Greenhouse gas implications of household energy technology in Kenya. Environmental Science & Technology, 37(10), 2051-2059. doi:10.1021/es026058q

Co, J.E., Jones, T.H., Hefetz, A., Tinaut, A., & Snelling, R.R. (2003). The comparative exocrine chemistry of nine Old World species of Messor (Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 31(4), 367-373. doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00155-2

Ezenwa, V.O. (2003). The effects of time of day on the prevalence of coccidian oocysts in antelope faecal samples. African Journal of Ecology, 41(2), 192-193. doi:10.1046/j.0141-6707.2002.00416.x

Ezenwa, V.O. (2003). Habitat overlap and gastrointestinal parasitism in sympatric African bovids. Parasitology, 126(4), 379-388. doi:10.1017/s00311820020022913

Frank, L., Simpson, D., & Woodroffe, R. (2003). Foot snares: an effective method for capturing African lions. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 31(1), 309-314.

Georgiadis, N., Hack, M., & Turpin, K. (2003). The influence of rainfall on zebra population dynamics: implications for management. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40(1), 125-136. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2003.00796

Hahn, N.E., Proulx, D., Muruthi, P.M., Alberts, S., & Altmann, J. (2003). Gastrointestinal parasites in free-ranging Kenyan baboons (Papio cynocephalus and P. anubis). International Journal of Primatology, 24(2), 271-279. doi:10.1023/A:1023092915171

Jones, T.H., Zottig, V.E., Robertson, H.G., & Snelling, R.R. (2003). The venom alkaloids from some African Monomorium species. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 29(12), 2721-2727. doi:10.1023/B:JOEC.0000008015.42254.c3

Laurent, P., Hamdani, A., Braekman, J.C., Daloze, D., Isbell, L.A., de Biseau, J.C., & Pasteels, J.M. (2003). New 1-alk(en)yl-1,3,5-trihydroxycyclohexanes from the Dufour gland of the African ant Crematogaster nigriceps. Tetrahedron Letters, 44(7), 1383-1386. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(02)02870-8

Ogada, M.O., Woodroffe, R., Oguge, N.O., & Frank, L.G. (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores: the role of livestock husbandry. Conservation Biology, 17(6), 1521-1530. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2003.00061.x

Palmer, T.M. (2003). Spatial habitat heterogeneity influences competition and coexistence in an African acacia ant guild. Ecology, 84(11), 2843-2855. doi:10.1890/02-0528

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., & Young, T.P. (2003). Competition and coexistence: exploring mechanisms that restrict and maintain diversity within mutualist guilds. The American Naturalist 162(4), S63-S79. doi:10.1086/378682

Stone, G.N., Raine, N.E., Prescott, M., & Willmer, P.G. (2003). Pollination ecology of Acacias (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Australian Systematic Botany, 16(1), 103-118. doi:10.1071/SB02024

Young, T.P., Stanton, M.L., & Christian, C.E. (2003). Effects of natural and simulated herbivory on spine lengths of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. Oikos, 101(1), 171-179. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12067.x
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2002

Comstock, K.E., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., Roca, A.L., Ostrander, E.A., O’Brien, S.J., & Wasser, S.K. (2002). Patterns of molecular genetic variation among African elephant populations. Molecular Ecology, 11(12), 2489-2498. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x.2002.01615.x

Enstam, K.L. & Isbell, L.A. (2002). Comparison of responses to alarm calls by patas (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys in relation to habitat structure. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 119(1), 3-14. doi:10.1002/ajpa.10104

Enstam, K.L., Isbell, L.A., & De Maar, T.W. (2002). Male demography, female mating behavior, and infanticide in wild patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas). International Journal of Primatology 23(1), 85-104. doi:10.1023/A:1013249808137

Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D.M. (2002). Evaluating the health benefits of transitions in household energy technologies in Kenya. Energy Policy, 30(10), 815-826. doi:10.1016/S0301-4215(01)00125-2

Ezzati M. & Kammen D.M. (2002). Household energy, indoor air pollution, and health in developing countries: Knowledge base for effective interventions. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 27(1), 233-270. doi: 10.1146/annurev.energy.27.122001.083440

Ezzati, M. & Kammen, D.M. (2002). The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: Knowledge, gaps, and data needs. Environmental Health Perspectives, 110(11), 1057-1068. doi:10.1289/ehp.021101057

Gadd, M.E. (2002). The impact of elephants on the marula tree Sclerocarya birrea. African Journal of Ecology, 40(4), 328-336. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2028.2002.00385.x

Hack, M.A., East, R., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2002). Status and action plan for the Plains zebra (Equus burchelli). In P.D. Moehlman (ed.), Equids: Zebras, Asses, and Horses. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (pp. 43-60). IUCN/SSC Equid Specialist Group.

Isbell, L.A. & Enstam, K.L. (2002). Predator-insensitive foraging in sympatric female vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas): a test of ecological models of group dispersion. In L.E. Miller (ed.), Eat or Be Eaten: Predation-Sensitive Foraging in Primates, (pp.154-168). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Isbell, L.A. & Young, T.P. (2002). Ecological models of female social relationships in primates: similarities, disparities, and some directions for future clarity. Behaviour, 139(2), 177-202. doi: 10.1163/156853902760102645

Juang, P., Oki, H., Wang Y., Martonosi, M., Peh, L.S., & Rubenstein, D. (2002). Energy-efficient computing for wildlife tracking: Design tradeoffs and early experiences with ZebraNet. ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 37(10), 96-107. doi:10.1145/605432.605408

Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., & Stanton, M.L. (2002). Burning bridges: Priority effects and the persistence of a competitively subordinate acacia-ant in Laikipia, Kenya. Oecologia, 133(3), 327-379. doi:10.1007/s00442-002-1026-1

Shaw, M.T., Keesing, F., & Ostfeld, R.S. (2002). Herbivory on Acacia seedlings in an East African savanna. Oikos, 98(3), 385-392. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2002.980303.x

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., & Young, T.P. (2002). Competition-colonization trade-offs in a guild of African acacia-ants. Ecological Monographs, 72(3), 347-363. doi:10.1890/0012-9615(2002)072[0347:CCTOIA]2.0.CO;2

Vollrath, F. & Douglas-Hamilton, I. (2002). African bees to control African elephants. Naturwissenschaften, 89(11), 508-511. doi:10.1007/s00114-002-0375-2

Ward, D. & Young, T.P. (2002). Effects of large mammalian herbivores and ant symbionts on condensed tannins of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 28(5), 921-937. doi:10.1023/a:1015249431942

Wood, W.F., Palmer, T.M., & Stanton, M.L. (2002). A comparison of volatiles in mandibular glands from three Crematogaster ant symbionts of the whistling thorn acacia. Biochemical systematic and ecology, 30(3), 217-222. doi:10.1016/S0304-1978(01)00099-0
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2001

Carlson, A.A. & Isbell, L.A. (2001). Causes and consequences of single-male and multimale mating in free-ranging patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas. Animal Behavior, 62(6), 1047-1058. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1849

Ezzati, M. & Kammen, D.M. (2001). Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and acute respiratory infections in Kenya: an exposure-response study. LANCET, 358(9282), 619-624. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(01)05777-4

Ezzati, M. & Kammen, D.M. (2001). Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(5), 481-488. doi:10.1289/ehp.01109481

Frank, L.G. & Woodroffe, R. (2001). Behavior of carnivores in exploited and controlled populations. In D. McDonald, R.K. Wayne, & S. Funk (eds.), Carnivore Conservation: Proceedings of the Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, (pp. 419-442).

Gadd, M.E., Young, T.P., & Palmer, T.M. (2001). Effects of simulated shoot and leaf herbivory on vegetative growth and plant defense in Acacia drepanolobium. Oikos, 92(3), 515-521. 10.1034/j.1600-0706.2001.920312.x

Garraffo, H.M., Spande, T.F., Jain, P., Kaneko, T., Jones, T.H., Blum, M.S., Ali, T.M., Snelling, R.R., Isbell, L.A, Robertson, H.G., & Daly, J.W. (2001). Ammonia chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry in structural determination of alkaloids. II. Tetraponerines from pseudomyrmecine ants. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 15(16), 1409-1415. doi:10.1002/rcm.382

Keesing, F. & Crawford, T. (2001). Impacts of density and large mammals on space use by the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 17(3), 465-472. doi:10.1017/S0266467401001328

Khaemba, W.M., Stein, A., Rasch, D., De Leeuw, J., & Georgiadis, N. (2001). Empirically simulated study to compare and validate sampling methods used in aerial surveys of wildlife populations. African Journal of Ecology, 39(4), 374-382. doi:10.1046/j.0141-6707.2001.00329.x

Mathy, J.M. & Isbell, L.A. (2001). The relative importance of size of food and interfood distance in eliciting aggression in captive Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). Folia Primatologica, 72(5), 268-277. doi:10.1159/000049948

Metz, M.R. & Keesing, F. (2001). Dietary choices of the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Biotropica, 33(1), 182-187. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2001.tb00167

Miller, S.E. & Lazell, J.D. (2001). A herpetological reconnaissance of Mpala Research Centre, Laikipia, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, 90(1), 103-107. doi:10.2982/0012-8317(2001)90[103:AHROMR]2.0.CO;2

Miller, S.E. & Rogo, L.M. (2001). Challenges and opportunities in understanding and utilization of African insect diversity. Cimbebasia, 17, 197-218.

Okello, B.D., O’Connor, T.G., & Young, T.P. (2001). Growth, biomass estimates, and charcoal production of Acacia drepanolobium in Laikipia, Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management, 142(1-3), 143-153. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00346-7

Roca, A.L., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., & O’Brien, S.J. (2001). Genetic evidence for two species of elephant in Africa. Science, 293(5534), 1473-1477. doi:10.112/science.1059936

Vogel, G. (2001). African elephant species splits in two. Science, 293(5534), 1414. doi:10.1126/science.293.5534.1414a
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2000

Ezzati, M., Mbinda, B.M., & Kammen, D.M. (2000). Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya. Environmental Science and Technology, 34(4), 578-583. doi:10.1021/es9905795

Ezzati, M., Saleh, H., & Kammen, D.M. (2000). The contributions of emissions and spatial microenvironments to exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya. Environmental Health Perspectives, 108(9), 833-839. doi:10.1289/ehp.00108833

Keesing, F. (2000). Cryptic consumers and the ecology of an African savanna. BioScience, 50(3), 205-215. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2000)050[0205:CCATEO]2.3.CO;2

Okello, B.D., & Young, T.P. (2000). Effects of fire, bruchid beetles and soil type on germination and seedling establishment of Acacia drepanolobium. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 17(1-3), 46-51. doi:10.2989/10220110009485738

Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., Stanton, M.L., & Wenk, E. (2000). Short-term dynamics of an acacia ant community in Laikipia, Kenya. Oecologia, 123(3), 425-435. doi:10.1007/s004420051030

Pruetz, J.D., & Isbell, L.A. (2000). Correlations of food distribution and patch size with agonistic interactions in female vervets (Chlorocebus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) living in simple habitats. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 49(1), 38-47. doi:10.1007/s002650000272

Young, T.P. (2000). Restoration ecology and conservation biology. Biological Conservation, 92, 73-83. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(99)00057-9
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1999

Greenwood, A.D., Capelli, C., Possnert, G., & Paabo, S. (1999). Nuclear DNA sequences from Late Pleistocene megafauna. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 16(11), 1466-1473. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026058

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Lewis, M., & Young, T.P. (1999). Rank differences in ecological behavior: a comparative study of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops). International Journal of Primatology, 20(2), 257-272. doi:10.1023/A:1020574504017

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Nzuma, B.M., & Young, T.P. (1999). Comparing measures of travel distances in primates: Methodological considerations and socioecological implications. American Journal of Primatology, 48(2), 87-98.
doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1999)48:2<87::AID-AJP1>3.0.CO;2-G

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., Evans, A., & Turner, M.L. (1999). Sterilization and canopy modification of a swollen thorn acacia tree by a plant-ant. Nature, 401(6753), 578-581. doi:10.1038/44119
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1998

Isbell, L.A. (1998). Diet for a small primate: insectivory and gummivory in the (large) patas monkey (Erythroocebus patas pyrrhonotus). American Journal of Primatology, 45(4), 381-398. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1998)45:4<381::AID-AJP5>3.0.CO;2-S

Isbell, L.A. & Pruetz, J.D. (1998). Differences between vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in agonistic interactions between adult females. International Journal of Primatology, 19(5), 837-855. doi:10.1023/A:1020393329574

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Lewis, M., & Young, T.P. (1998). Locomotor activity differences between sympatric patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): implications for the evolution of long hindlimb length in Homo. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 105(2), 199-207. doi:10.1002/(sici)1096-8644(199802)105:2<199::aid-ajpa7>3.0.co;2-q

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., & Young, T.P. (1998). Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) as estimators of food resource size, density, and distribution. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 42(2), 123-133. doi:10.1007/s002650050420

Keesing, F. (1998). Ecology and behavior of the pouched mouse, Saccostomus mearnsi, in central Kenya. Journal of Mammalogy, 79(3), 919-931. doi:10.2307/1383100

Keesing, F. (1998). Impacts of ungulates on the demography and diversity of small mammals in central Kenya. Oecologia, 116(3), 381-389. doi:10.1007/s004420050601

McNaughton, S.J., Stronach, N.R.H., & Georgiadis, N.J. (1998). Combustion in natural fires and global emissions budgets. Ecological Applications, 8(2), 464-468. doi: 10.2307/2641086

Young, T.P. & Okello, B.D. (1998). Relaxation of an induced defense after exclusion of herbivores: spines on Acacia drepanolobium. Oecologia, 115(4), 508-513. doi:10.1007/s004420050548

Young, T.P., Okello, B.D., Kinyua, D., & Palmer, T.M. (1998). KLEE: a long-term multi-species herbivore exclusion experiment in Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 14(3), 94-104. doi:10.1080/10220119.1997.9647929
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1997

Young, T.P., Stubblefield, C.H., Isbell, L.A. 1997. Ants on swollen-thorn acacias: species coexistence in a simple system. Oecologia 109(1), 98-107. doi: 10.1007/s004420050063
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1996

Isbell, L.A., Van Vuren, D. 1996. Differential costs of locational and social dispersal and their consequences for female group-living primates. Behaviour 133 (1), 1 – 36. doi:10.1163/156853996×00017
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1995

Young, T.P. 1995. Landscape mosaics created by canopy gaps, forest edges and bushland glades. Selbyana 16(2): 127-134.

Young, T.P., Partridge, N., Macrae, A. 1995. Long-term glades in acacia bushland and their edge effects in Laikipia, Kenya. Ecological Applications 5(1), 97-108. doi:10.2307/1942055
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