2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 |2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 |2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995


Crego, R.D., Ogutu, J.O., Wells, H.B.M., Ojwang, G.O., Martins, D.J., Leimgruber, P., & Stabach, J.A. (2020). Spatiotemporal dynamics of wild herbivore species richness and occupancy across a savannah rangeland: Implications for conservation. Biological Conservation. 242. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108436

Ferguson, A. W., Muloi, D., Ngatia, D. K., Kiongo, W., Kimuyu, D. M., Webala, P. W., . . . Martins, D. J. (2020). Volunteer based approach to dog vaccination campaigns to eliminate human rabies: Lessons from Laikipia County, Kenya. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 14(7), e0008260. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0008260

Fahmy, H. (2020) Energy Harvesting Projects for WSNs. In S.H. Yang (Ed.), Wireless Sensor Networks: Signals and Communication Technology (pp 489-609). Springer, Cham. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-29700-8_7

Guindre-Parker, S. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2020). Survival benefits of group living in a fluctuating environment. The American Naturalist. doi:10.1086/708496

Hall, D. M., & Martins, D. J. (2020). Human dimensions of insect pollinator conservation. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 38, 107–114.

Kihwele, E.S., Mchomvu, V., Owen-Smith, N., Hetem, R.S., Hutchinson, M.C., Potter, A.B., Olff, H., & Veldhuis, M.P. (2020). Quantifying water requirements of African ungulates through a combination of functional traits. African Journal of Ecology. doi:10.1111/aje.12716

Kartzinel, T.R. and R.M. Pringle. 2020. Multiple dimensions of dietary diversity in large mammalian herbivores. Journal of Animal Ecology, online early.

Martin, S.H., Singh, K.S., Gordon, I.J., Saitoti, K. Collins, S., Warren, I.A., Munby, H., Brattström, O., Traut, W., Martins, D.J., Smith, D., Jiggins, C., Bass, C., & ffrench-Constant, R. (2020). Whole-chromosome hitchhiking driven by a male-killing endosymbiont. bioRxiv. 703421. doi:10.1101/703421.

Menz, A., Booth, L., & Bernard, M. (2020). The longevity of the magnet effect: fire-herbivory interactions in central Kenya. Consilience: the Journal of Sustainable Development. 14. doi:10.7916/D88W3DRF

O’Neill, H.M.K, S.M. Durant and R. Woodroffe. 2020. What wild dogs want: habitat selection differs across life stages and orders of selection in a wide-ranging carnivore. BMC Zoology 5:UNSP1.

Pringle, R.M. (2020). Paleoecology: the functional uniqueness of ancient megafauna. Current Biology, 30(1), R32-R35. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.11.017

Nagelkirk, R.L. and K.M. Dahlin 2020 Woody cover fractions in African savannas from Landsat and high-resolution imagery. Remote Sensing 12(5):813.

Silveira, F.A.O, A.J. Arruda, W. Bond, E. Buisson, G. Durigan, A. Fidelis, K. Kirkman, R.S. Oliveira, G. Overbeck, J. Sansevero, F. Siebert, S.J. Siebert, & T.P. Young. 2020. Myth-busting tropical grassy biome restoration. Restoration Ecology, online early.

Sitters, J., D.M. Kimuyu, P. Claeys, H. Olde Venterink, & T.P. Young. 2020. Megaherbivores reverse negative effects of cattle on soil carbon and nutrient pools. Nature Sustainability 3:360–366.

Vikeli, E., D.A. Widdick, S.F. Batey, D. Heine, N.A. Holmes, M.J.  Bibb, D.J. Martins, N.E.  Pierce, M.I.  Hutchings and B. Wilkinson. 2019. In situ activation and heterologous production of a cryptic antibiotic from a plant-ant derived Saccharopolyspora species. Appl Environ Microbiol 2020 Jan 21 86: e01876-19. [Some material collected on “Mpala Road”, with coordinates around Mpala/Tomlinson.]

Wigley, B.J., Augustine, D.J., Coetsee, C., Ratnam, J., & Sankaran, M. (2020). Grasses continue to trump trees at soil carbon sequestration following herbivore exclusion in a semi‐arid African savanna. Ecological Society of America. e03008. doi:10.1002/ecy.3008

Wolf, S., Ayroles, J., & Shaevitz, J. (2020). A low-cost modular camera system for 3D pose estimation in the field. Bulletin of the American Physical Society.


Aizen, M. A., Aguiar, S., Biesmeijer, J.C., Garibaldi, L.A., Inouye, D.W., Jung, C., Martins, D.J., Medel, R., Morales, C.L., Ngo, H., Pauw, A., Paxton, R.J., Sáez, A., & Seymour, C.L. (2019). Global agricultural productivity is threatened by increasing pollinator dependence without a parallel increase in crop diversification. Global Change Biology, 25(10), 3516-3527. doi:10.1111/gcb.14736

Augustine, D.J., B.J. Wigley, J. Ratnam, S. Kibet, M. Nyangito, & M. Sankaran. (2019). Large herbivores maintain a two‐phase herbaceous vegetation mosaic in a semi‐arid savanna. Ecology and Evolution, online early. doi:10.1002/ece3.5750

Balducci, M.G., Martins, D.J., & Johnson, S.D. (2019). Pollination of the long-spurred African terrestrial orchid Bonatea steudneri by long-tongued hawkmoths, notably Xanthopan morganii. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 305(9), 765-775. doi:10.1007/s00606-019-01605-2

Boyle, J.H., Martins, D.J., Musili, P.M., & Pierce, N.E. (2019). Population genomics and demographic sampling of the ant-plant Vachellia drepanolobium and its symbiotic ants from sites across its range in East Africa. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 206. doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00206

Cobb, A. & Cobb, S. (2019). Do zebra stripes influence thermoregulation? Journal of Natural History, 53(13-14), 863-879. doi:10.1080/00222933.2019.1607600

Coverdale, T.C., McGeary, I.J., O’Connell, R.D., Palmer, T.M., Goheen, J.R., Sankaran, M., Augustine, D.J., Ford, A.T., & Pringle, R.M. (2019). Strong but opposing effects of associational resistance and susceptibility on defense phenotype in an African savanna plant. Oikos 128: 1772-1782.

Crawford, C., Volenec, Z., Sisanya, M., Kibet, R., & Rubenstein, D. (2019). Behavioral and Ecological Implications of Bunched, Rotational Cattle Grazing in East African Savanna Ecosystem. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 72(1), 204-209. doi: 10.1016/j.rama.2018.07.016

DeCarlo, K.F. & Caylor, K.K. (2019). Biophysical effects on soil crack morphology in a faunally active dryland vertisol. Geoderma, 334, 134-145. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.07.042

Ellis, V.A., Sari, E.H.R., Rubenstein, D.R., Dickerson, R.C., Bensch, S., & Ricklefs, R.E. (2019). The global biogeography of avian haemosporidian parasites is characterized by local diversification and intercontinental dispersal. Parasitology, 146(2), 213–219. doi:10.1017/S0031182018001130

Forbes, E.S., Cushman, J.H., Burkepile, D.E., Young, T.P., Klopea, M., & Young, H.S. (2019). Synthesizing the effects of large, wild herbivores on ecosystem function. Functional Ecology, 33(9),1597-1610. doi:10.1111/1365-2435.13376

Gill, A.B., Musili, P. M., Kurukura, S., Hassan, A. A., Goheen, J. R., Kress, W.J., Kuzmina, M., Pringle, R.M., & Kartzinel, T.R. (2019). Plant DNA-barcode library and community phylogeny for a semi-arid East African savanna. Molecular Ecology Resources, 19(4), 838-846. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.13001

Graham, S.I., Kinnaird, M.F., O’Brien, T.G., Vågen, T.-G., Winowiecki, L.A., Young, T.P., & Young, H.S. (2019). Effects of land-use change on community diversity and composition are highly variable among functional groups. Ecological Applications, 29(7), e01973. doi:10.1002/eap.1973

Isbell, L.A., Bidner, L.R., Omondi, G., Mutinda, M., & Matsumoto-Oda A. (2019). Capture, immobilization, and Global Positioning System collaring of olive baboons (Papio anubis) and vervets (Chlorocebus pygerythrus): Lessons learned and suggested best practices. American Journal of Primatology, 81(6), e22997. doi:10.1002/ajp.22997

Kartzinel, T.R., Hsing, J.C., Musili, P.M., Brown, B.R.P., & Pringle, R.M. (2019). Covariation of diet and gut microbiome in African megafauna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online before print. doi:10.1073/pnas.1905666116

King, E.G., L.A. German, N.P. Wachira, & D.R. Nelson. 2019. Unevenness in scale mismatches: Institutional change, pastoralist livelihoods, and herding ecology in Laikipia, Kenya. Geoforum 99:74-87.

Kowal, V.A., S.M. Jones, F. Keesing, B.F. Brian, J.M. Schieltz & R. Chaplin-Kramer. 2019. A coupled forage-grazer model predicts viability of livestock production and wildlife habitat at the regional scale. Sci Rep 9:19957.

LaMalfa, E.M., R.L. Sensenig, D.M. Kimuyu, T.P. Young, C. Riginos, and K.E. Veblen. (2019). Tree resprout dynamics following fire depend on herbivory by wild ungulate herbivores. Journal of Ecology, 107(5), 2493-2502. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13186

Louthan, A., Valencia, E., Martins, D.J., Guy, T., Goheen, J., Palmer, T., & Doak, D. (2019). Large mammals generate both top-down effects and extended trophic cascades on floral-visitor assemblages. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 35(4), 185-198. doi:10.1017/S0266467419000142

Mutinda, M., Crofoot, M.C., Kishbaugh, J.C., Hayek, L.C., Zimmerman, D., Tunseth, D.A., & (2019). Blood Biochemical Reference Intervals for Free-Ranging Olive Baboons (Papio anubis) in Kenya. International Journal of Primatology, 40(2), 187-196. doi:10.1007/s10764-018-0074-2

Mutuku, P.M. & Kenfack, D. (2019). Effect of local topographic heterogeneity on tree species assembly in an Acacia-dominated African savanna. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 35(2), 46-56. doi:10.1017/S0266467419000014

Okanga, S., F. Keesing, V. Kowal, R. Chaplin-Kramer, B. Allan, Brian. 2018. Empirical and simulated biomass, species composition, and grazing intensity in Laikipia, Kenya. Mendeley Data, v2

Ostfeld, J.K. & Keesing, F. (2019). Impacts of large mammals on movements of the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 57(1), 2-9. doi:10.1111/aje.12549

Otieno, T.O, Goheen, J.R., Webala, P.W., Mwangi, A., Osuga, I.M., & Ford, A.T. (2019). Human- and risk-mediated browsing pressure by sympatric antelope in an African savanna. Biological Conservation, 232, 59-65. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2019.01.028

Papageorgiou, D., Christensen, C., Gall, G.E.C., Klarevas-Irby, J.A., Nyaguthii, B., Couzin, I.D., & Farine, D.R. (2019). The multilevel society of a small-brained bird. Current Biology, 29(21), R1120-1121. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.09.072

Smith, D.A.S., Traut, W., Martin, S.H., Ireri, P., Omufwoko, K.S., Ffrench-Constant, R., & Gordon, I.J. (2019). Neo sex chromosomes, colour polymorphism and male-killing in the African queen butterfly, (Danaus chrysippus L.). Insects, 10(9), 291. doi:10.3390/insects10090291

Suraci, J. P., Frank, L.G., Oriol-Cotterill, A., Ekwanga, S., Williams, T. M., & Wilmers, C. C. (2019). Behavior-specific habitat selection by African lions may promote their persistence in a human-dominated landscape. Ecology, 100(4), e02644. doi:10.1002/ecy.2644

Tamashiro, R.A., Milligan, P.D., & Palmer, T.M. (2019). Left out in the cold: temperature-dependence of defense in an African ant–plant mutualism. Ecology, 100(6), e02712. doi:10.1002/ecy.2712

Taniguchi, H., Isbell, L.A., Bidner, L.R., & Matsumoto-Oda, A. (2019). Complete rectal prolapse in wild Anubis baboons (Papio anubis). Journal of Medical Primatology, 48(3),179-181. doi:10.1111/jmp.12405

Unks, R. R., King, E. G., German, L. A., Wachira, N. P., & Nelson, D. R. (2019). Unevenness in scale mismatches: institutional change, pastoralist livelihoods, and herding ecology in Laikipia, Kenya. Geoforum, 99, 74-87. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.12.010

Unks, R. R., King, E. G., Nelson, D. R., Wachira, N. P., & German, L. A. (2019). Constraints, multiple stressors, and stratified adaptation: pastoralist livelihood vulnerability in a semi-arid wildlife conservation context in central Kenya. Global Environmental Change, 54, 124-134. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.11.013

Veblen, K.E. & L.M. Porensky. 2019. Thresholds are in the eye of the beholder: plants and wildlife respond differently to short‐term cattle corrals. Ecological Application 29: e01982.

Welsh, E.C., Kessing, F., & Allan, B.F. (2019). Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorhynchus, Buphagus africanus) and tick abundances in acaricide‐treated livestock areas. African Journal of Ecology, 57(1), 155-159. doi:10.1111/aje.12560

Whitaker, M.R.L., Baker, C.C.M., Salzman, S.M., Martins, D.J., & Pierce, N.E. Combining Stable Isotope Analysis With DNA Metabarcoding Improves Inferences of Trophic Ecology. PLoS One, 14(7), e0219070. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219070

Wigley, B.J., Coetsee, C., Augustine, D., Ratnam, J., Hattas, D., & Sankaran, M. (2019). A thorny issue: woody plant defence and growth in an East African savanna.
Journal of Ecology, 107(4), 1839-1851. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13140

Zimmerman, D.M., Hardgrove, E.H., von Fricken, M.E., Kamau, J., Chai, D., Mutura, S., Kivali, V., Hussein, F., Ambala, P., Surmat, A., Maina, J.G., & Knauf, S. (2019). Antibodies against Treponema pallidum demonstrate that yaws is endemic in nonhuman primates in Laikipia County, Kenya. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 25(11), 2147-2149. doi:10.3201/eid2511.19071
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Amornbunchornvej, C., Brugere, I., Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Farine, D., Crofoot, M., & Berger-Wolf, T. (2018). Coordination event detection and initiator identification in time series data. ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data 12: Article 53. doi: 10.1145/3201406 2, 5,

Bergstrom, B.J., R.L. Sensenig, D.J. Augustine & T.P. Young. 2018. Searching for cover: soil enrichment and herbivore exclusion, not fire, enhance African savanna small-mammal abundance. Ecosphere 9:e02519.

Bidner, L.R, Matsumoto‐Oda, A., & Isbell, L.A. (2018). The role of sleeping sites in the predator‐prey dynamics of leopards and olive baboons. American Journal of Primatology. 80(12), e22932. doi:10.1002/ajp.2293

Boyle, J. H., Martins, D. J., Pelaez, J., Musili, P. M., Kibet, S., Ndung’u, S. K., Kenfack, D., & Pierce, N. E. (2018). Polygyny does not explain the superior competitive ability of dominant ant associates in the African ant-plant, Acacia (Vachellia) drepanolobium. Ecology & Evolution, 8(3), 1441–1450. doi:10.1002/ece3.3752

Buck, J.C. and S.E. Perkins. 2018. Study scale determines whether wildlife loss protects against or promotes tick-borne disease. Proc. R. Soc. B 285: 20180218.

Cabal, C., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2018). Above- and below-ground allocation and functional trait response to soil water inputs and drying rates of two common savanna grasses. Journal of Arid Environments 157: 1-12.

Costelloe, B.R. & Rubenstein, D.I. (2018). Temporal structuring of vigilance behaviour by female Thomson’s gazelles with hidden fawns. Animal Behaviour 145, 87-97.

Coverdale, T. C., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., & Pringle, R. M. (2018). Good neighbors make good defenses: associational refuges reduce defense investment in African savanna plants. Ecology 99: 1724-1736.

Davis, G. H., Crofoot, M. C., & Farine, D. R. (2018). Estimating the robustness and uncertainty of animal social networks using different observational methods. Animal Behaviour 141:29-44.

Dudenhoeffer, M., & Hodge, A. C. (2018). Opposing forces of seed dispersal and seed predation by mammals for an invasive cactus in central Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 56:179-184.

Ezenwa, V.O. & Worsley-Tonks, K.E.L. (2018). Social living simultaneously increases infection risk and decreases the cost of infection. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285(1892), 1-5. doi:10.1098/rspb.2018.2142

Goheen, J. R., Augustine, D. J., Veblen, K. E., Kimuyu, D. M., Palmer, T. M., Porensky, L. M., R.M. Pringle, J. Ratnam, C. Riginos, M. Sankaran, A.T. Ford, A.A. Hassan, R. Jakopak, T.R. Kartzinel, S. Kurukura, A.M. Louthan, W.O. Odadi, T.O. Otieno, A.M. Wambua, H.S. Young and Young, T.P. 2018. Conservation lessons from large-mammal manipulations in East African savannas: the KLEE, UHURU, and GLADE experiments. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1429:31-49.

González, J. B., Pepitas, R. H., Franken, O., Kiers, E. T., Veblen, K. E., & Brody, A. K. (2018). Herbivore removal reduces influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on plant growth and tolerance in an East African savanna. Oecologia, 187(1), 123-133. doi:10.1007/s00442-018-4124-4

Guindre-Parker, S. & Rubenstein, D. R. (2018). Testosterone, social status, and parental care in a cooperatively breeding bird. Hormones and Behavior, 97, 85-93. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2017.10.008

Henry, L., Tokita, C., Misra, M., Forrow, A., & Rubenstein, D. (2018). Mutualistic acacia ants exhibit reduced aggression and more frequent off-tree movements near termite mounds. Biotropica 50: 559-562. doi: 10.1111/btp.12572

Isbell, L. A., Bidnerac, L. R., Van Cleave, E. K., Matsumoto-Oda, A., & Crofoot, M. C. (2018). GPS-identified vulnerabilities of savannah-woodland primates to leopard predation and their implications for early hominins. Journal of Human Evolution, 118, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2018.02.003

Iwata, M., Matsumoto-Oda, A. Otaki, J. M. (2018). Rearing the African Grass Blue Butterfly Zizeeria knysna: toward the establishment of a bioindicator in African countries. African Study Monographs 39: 69-81

Keesing, F., Ostfeld, R. S., Young, T. P., & Allan, B. F. (2018). Cattle and rainfall affect tick abundance in central Kenya. Parasitology, 145(3), 345-354. doi:10.1017/S003118201700155X

Keesing, F., R.S. Ostfeld, S. Okanga, S. Huckett, B.R. Bayles, R. Chaplin-Kramer, L.P. Fredericks, T. Hedlund, V. Kowal, H. Tallis, C.M. Warui, S.A. Wood & B.F. Allan. 2018. Consequences of integrating livestock and wildlife in an African savanna. Nature Sustainability 1: 566–573.

Kerr, M., Rosario, K., Baker, C. C. M., & Breitbart, M. (2018). Discovery of four novel circular single-stranded DNA viruses in fungus-farming termites. Genome Announcements 6(17): e00318-18.

Kinga, G. W., Mironga, J., & Odadi, W.O. (2018). Analysis of the spatial relationship between cattle and wild ungulates across different land-use systems in a tropical savanna landscape. International Journal of Ecology, 2018, 1-12. doi:10.1155/2018/2072617

Louthan, A. M., Pringle, R. M., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., Morris, W. F., & Doak, D. F. (2018). Aridity weakens population-level effects of multiple species interactions on Hibiscus meyeri. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(3), 543-548. doi:10.1073/pnas.1708436115

Lutz, J. A., Furniss, T. J., Johnson, D. J., Davies, S. J., Allen, D., Alonso, A., … Kerkhoff, A. (2018). Global importance of large‐diameter trees. Global Ecology and Biogeography 27: 849-864.

Matsumoto-Oda, A., Okamoto, K., Takahasi, K., & Ohira, H. (2018). Group size effects on inter-blink interval as an indicator of antipredator vigilance in wild baboons. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 1-9.

McCauley, D. J., Graham, S. I., Dawson, T. E., Power, M. E., Ogada, M., Nyingi, W. D., . . . Brashares, J. S. (2018). Diverse effects of the common hippopotamus on plant communities and soil chemistry. Oecologia 188: 821-835.

Mutinda, M. Crofoot, M.C., Kishbaugh, J.C., Hayek, L.C., Zimmerman, D., Tunseth, D.A., & Murray, S. (2018). Blood biochemical reference intervals of free-ranging olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Kenya. International Journal of Primatology 40:187–196.

O’Brien, T. G., Kinnaird, M. F., Ekwanga, S., Wilmers, C., Williams, T., Oriol-Cotterill, A., . . . Frank, L. G. (2018). Resolving a conservation dilemma: Vulnerable lions eating endangered zebras. PloS One 13(8): e0201983.

Odadi, W. O., Riginos, C., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2018). Tightly bunched herding improves cattle performance in African savanna rangeland. Rangeland Ecology & Management 71: 481-491.

Odadi, W.O. 2018. Using heart girth to estimate live weight of heifers (Bos indicus) in pastoral rangelands of northern Kenya. Livestock Research for Rural Development 30: 16.

Odadi, W.O., G.K. Charles & T.P. Young. 2018. Cattle preferentially forage on African savanna termite mounds, but not when they share habitat with wild ungulates. Ecology & Evolution 71: 281-291.

Parham, J., Stewart, C., Crall, J., Rubenstein, D.I., Holmberg, J., & Berger-Wolf, T. (2018). Focusing animal identification with annotations of interest. 2018 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV): 1075-1083.

Pikus, A. E., Guindre-Parker, S., & Rubenstein, D. R. (2018). Testosterone, social status and parental care in a cooperatively breeding bird. Hormones and Behavior, 97, 85-93.

Prior, K. M. & Palmer, T. M. (2018). Economy of scale: third partner strengthens a keystone ant-plant mutualism. Ecology, 99(2), 335–346. doi:10.1002/ecy.2104

Riginos, C., Porensky, L. M., Veblen, K. E., & Young, T. P. (2018). Herbivory and drought generate short‐term stochasticity and long‐term stability in a savanna understory community. Ecological Applications 28(2): 323-335.

Rosario, K., K.A. Mettel, B.E. Benner, R. Johnson, C. Scott, S.Z. Yusseff-Vanegas, C.C.M. Baker, D.L. Cassill, C. Storer, A. Varsani & M. Breitbart. 2018. Virus discovery in all three major lineages of terrestrial arthropods highlights the diversity of single-stranded DNA viruses associated with invertebrates. PeerJ 6: e5761.

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Schuttler, S.G., R.S. Sears, I. Orendain, R. Khot, D. Rubenstein, N. Rubenstein, R.R. Dunn, E. Baird, K. Kandros, T. O’Brien, & R. Kays. 2018. Citizen science in schools: students collect valuable mammal data for science, conservation, and community engagement. Bioscience 69(1): 69-79.

Sitters, J. & Olde Venterink, H. (2018). A stoichiometric perspective of the effect of herbivore dung on ecosystem functioning. Ecology and Evolution, 8(2), 1043–1046. doi:10.1002/ece3.3666

Stears, K. and D.J. McCauley. 2018. Hippopotamus dung inputs accelerate fish predation by terrestrial consumers. African Journal of Ecology 56: 1034-1038.

Stears, K., D.J. McCauley, J.C. Finlay, J. Mpemba, I.T. Warrington, B.M. Mutayoba, M.E. Powers, T.E. Dawson, and J.S. Brashares. 2018. Effects of the hippopotamus on the chemistry and ecology of a changing watershed. PNAS 115: E5028-E5037.

Taniguchi, H., & Matsumoto-Oda, A. (2018). Wound healing in wild male baboons: Estimating healing time from wounds size. PLoS ONE, 13(10): e0205017.

Titcomb, G., R.M. Pringle, T. Palmer, & H.S. Young 2018. What explains tick proliferation following large-herbivore exclusion? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 285(1878): 20180612

Tucker, M. A., Böhning-Gaese, K., Fagan, W. F., Fryxell, J. M., Van Moorter, B., Alberts, S.C., … Mueller, T. (2018). Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements. Science, 359(6374), 466–469. doi:10.1126/science.aam9712

Van Cleave, E. K., Bidner, L. R., Ford, A. T., Caillaud, D., Wilmers, C. C., & Isbell, L. A. (2018). Diel patterns of movement activity and habitat use by leopards (Panthera pardus pardus) living in a human-dominated landscape in central Kenya. Biological Conservation, 226, 224-237.

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Aghová, T., Sumbera, R., Piálek, L., Mikula, O., McDonough, M. M., Lavrenchenko, L. A., Meheretu, Y., Mbau, J. S., & Bryja, J. (2017). Multilocus phylogeny of East African gerbils (Rodentia, Gerbilliscus) illuminates the history of the Somali-Masai savanna. Journal of Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/jbi.13017

Allan, B., Tallis, H., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Huckett, S., Kowal, G., Musengezi, J., Okanga, S., Ostfeld, R. S., Schieltz, J., Warui, C. M., Wood, S. A., Keesing F. (2017). Can integrating wildlife and livestock enhance the delivery of ecosystem services in central Kenya? Frontiers in Ecology & the Environment, 15(6), 328–335. doi:10.1002/fee.1501

Baker, C. C. M., Martins, D. J., Pelaez, J. N., Billen, J. P. J., Pringle, A., Frederickson, M. E., & Pierce, N. E. (2017). Distinctive fungal communities in an obligate African ant plant mutualism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284(1850), doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.2501

Browne, A. S., Fèvre, E. M., Kinnaird, M., Muloi, D. M., Wang, C. A., Larsen, P. S., O’Brien, T. & Deem, S. L. (2017). Serosurvey of Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Laikipia County, Kenya. Zoonoses & Public Health, 64(7), 543–549. doi:10.1111/zph.12337

Charles, G. K., Porensky, L. M., Riginos, C., Veblen, K. E. & Young, T. P. (2017). Herbivore effects on productivity vary by guild: cattle increase mean productivity while wildlife reduce variability. Ecological Applications, 27(1), 143-155. doi:10.1002/eap.1422

Dohn, J., Augustine, D. J., Hanan, N. P., Ratnam, J., & Sankaran, M. (2017). Spatial vegetation patterns and neighborhood competition among woody plants in an East African savanna. Ecology, 98(2), 478–488. doi:10.1002/ecy.1659

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Farine, D. R., Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Couzin, I. D., Berger-Wolf, T. Y., & Crofoot, M. C. (2017). Individual variation in local interaction rules can explain emergent patterns of spatial organization in wild baboons. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284(1853): 20162243.

Ford, A. T., Cooke, S. J., Goheen, J. R., & Young, T. P. (2017). Conservingmegafauna or sacrificing biodiversity? BioScience, 67: 193-196.

Gersick, A. S., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2017). Physiology modulates social flexibility and collective behaviour in equids and other large ungulates. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 372(1727): 20160241.

Hauck, S. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2017). Pastoralist societies in flux: a conceptual framework analysis of herding and land use among the Mukugodo Maasai of Kenya. Pastoralism-Research Policy & Practice, 7(18), 1-30. doi:10.1186/s13570-017-0090-4

Isbell, L. A. & Etting, S. F. (2017). Scales drive visual detection, attention, and memory of snakes in wild vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus). Primates, 58(1), 121-129. doi:10.1007/s10329-016-0562-y

Isbell, L. A., Bidner, L. R., Crofoot, M. C., Matsumoto-Oda, A., & Farine, D. R. (2017). GPS-identified, low-level nocturnal activity of vervets (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) and olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 164(1), 203-211. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23259

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Kimiti, D. W., Hodge, A. C., Herrick, J. E., Beh, A. W., & Abbott, L. E. (2017). Rehabilitation of community-owned, mixed-use rangelands: lessons from the Ewaso ecosystem in Kenya. Plant Ecology, 218(1), 23–37. doi:10.1007/s11258-016-0691-9

Kimuyu, D. M., Sensenig, R. L., Chira, R. M., Githaiga, J. M., & Young, T. P. (2017). Spatial scales influence long-term response of herbivores to prescribed burning in a savanna ecosystem. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 54, 935–944. doi:10.1071/WF16152

Kimuyu, D. M., Veblen, K. E., Riginos, C., Chira, R. M., Githaiga, J. M. & Young, T. P. (2017). Influence of cattle on browsing and grazing wildlife varies with rainfall and presence of megaherbivores. Ecological Applications, 27(3), 786-798. doi:10.1002/eap.1482

Li, S., Levin, N. E., Soderberg, K., Dennis, K. J., & Caylor, K. K. (2017). Triple oxygen isotope composition of leaf waters in Mpala, central Kenya. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 468, 38–50. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.02.015

Long, R. A., Wambua, A., Goheen, J. R., & Palmer, T. M. (2017). Climatic variation modulates the indirect effects of large herbivores on small‐mammal habitat use. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 739–748. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12669

Montzka, C., Bogena, H.R., Zreda, M., Monerris, A., & Vereecken, H. (2017). Validation of spaceborne and modelled surface soil moisture products with cosmic-ray neutron probes. Remote Sensing, 9(2), 103. doi:10.3390/rs9020103

Ndeereh, D., Muchemi, G., Thaiyah, A., Otiende, M., Angelone-Alasaad, S., & Jowers, M.J. (2017). Molecular survey of Coxiella burnetii in wildlife and ticks at wildlife–livestock interfaces in Kenya. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 72(3), 277-289. doi:10.1007/s10493-017-0146-6

Odadi, W. O., Fargione, J., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2017). Vegetation, wildlife and livestock responses to planned grazing management in an African pastoral landscape. Land Degradation & Development, 28(7), 2030–2038. doi:10.1002/ldr.2725

Odadi, W. O., Kimuyu, D. M., Veblen, K. E., Riginos, C., & Young, T. P. (2017). Fire-induced negative responses of cattle to shared foraging with native ungulates in an African savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54(3), 935–944. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12785

Palmer, T. M., Riginos, C., Damiani, R., Morgan, N., Lemboi, J., Lengingiro, J., Ruiz Guajardo, J. C., & Pringle, R. M. (2017). Influence of neighboring plants on the dynamics of an ant-acacia protection mutualism. Ecology, 98(12), 3034-3043. doi:10.1002/ecy.2008

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Petipas, R. H., González, J. B., Palmer, T. M., & Brody, A. M. (2017). Habitat-specific AMF symbioses enhance drought tolerance of a native Kenyan grass. Acta Oecologia, 78, 71-78. doi:10.1016/j.actao.2016.12.005

Piantadosi, S. T., & Cantlon, J. F. (2017). True numerical cognition in the wild. Psychological Science, 28(4), 462-469.

Pringle, R. M. & Tarnita, C. E. (2017). Spatial self-organization of ecosystems: integrating multiple mechanisms of regular-pattern formation. Annual Review of Entomology, 62, 359–377.

Riginos, C., Porensky, L.M., Veblen, K.E., & Young, T.P. (2017) Herbivory and drought generate short‐term stochasticity and long‐term stability in a savanna understory community. Ecological Applications, 28(2), 323-335. doi:10.1002/eap.1649

Ruiz-Guajardo, J. C., Grossenbacher, D. L., Grosberg, R. K., Palmer T. M., & Stanton, M. L. (2017). Impacts of worker density in colony-level aggression, expansion, and survival of the acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Ecological Monographs, 87(2), 246–259. doi:10.1002/ecm.1245

Salem, E., Cook, E. A. J., Lbacha, H. A., Oliva, J., Awoume, F., Aplogan, G. L., Hymann, E. C., Muloi, D., Deem, S. L., Alali, S., Zouagui, Z., Févre, E. M., Meyer, G., & Ducatez, M. F. (2017). Serological evidence for influenza virus among ruminance and camelids, Africa, 1991-2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(9): 1556-1559. doi: 10.3201/eid2309.170342.

Schieltz, J. M., Okanga, S., Allan, B. F., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2017). GPS tracking cattle as a monitoring tool for conservation and management. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 34(3), 173-177. doi:10.2989/10220119.2017.1387175

Schmidt, R. C., Bart, H. L., & Nyingi, W. D. (2017). Multi-locus phylogeny reveals instances of mitochondrial introgression and unrecognized diversity in Kenyan barbs (Cyprininae: Smiliogastrini). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 111, 35-43.

Sensenig, R. L., Kimuyu, D. K., Ruiz Guajardo, J. C., Veblen, K. E., Riginos, C., & Young, T. P. (2017). Fire disturbance disrupts an acacia ant-plant mutualism in favor of a subordinate ant species. Ecology, 98(5), 1455-1464. doi:10.1002/ecy.1797

Sharaf, M. R., Akbar, S. A., Aldawood, A. S., & Hita Garcia, F. (2017). Review of the ant genus Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) from the Arabian Peninsula. African Invertebrates, 58(2), 21-37. doi:10.3897/AfrInvertebr.58.12782

Sitters, J. & Olde Venterink, H. (2017). A stoichiometric perspective on the effect of herbivore dung on ecosystem functioning. Ecology and Evolution, 2017, 1-4.doi: 10.1002/ece3.3666

Soltani, G. G., Bénon, D., Alvarez, N., & Praz, C. J. (2017). When different contact zones tell different stories: putative ring species in the Megachile concinna species complex (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 121, 815-832.

Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Farine, D., Crofoot, M. C., & Couzin, I. D. (2017). Habitat and social factors shape individual decisions and emergent group structure during baboon collective movement. eLife, 6(e19505).

Tarnita, C. E., Bonachela, J. A., Sheffer, E., Guyton, J. A., Coverdale, T. C., Long, R. A., & Pringle, R. M. (2017). A theoretical foundation for multi-scale regular vegetation patterns. Nature, 541(7637), 398-401. doi:10.1038/nature20801

Titcomb, G., Allan, B. F., Ainsworth, T., Henson, L., Hedlund, T., Pringle, R. M., Palmer, T. M., Njoroge, L., Campana, M. G., Fleischer, R. C., Mantas, J.N., & Young, H. S., (2017). Interacting effects of wildlife loss and climate on ticks and tick-borne disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284(1862), 20170475. doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.0475

Weinstein, S., Titcomb, G., Agwanda, B., Riginos, C., & Young, H. (2017). Parasite responses to large mammal loss in an African savanna. Ecology, 98(7), 1839-1848.

Williams, A. E., Worsley-Tonks, K. E. L., & Ezenwaac, V. O. (2017). Drivers and consequences of variation in individual social connectivity. Animal Behaviour, 133, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.08.021

Wilmers, C. C., Isbell, L. A., Suraci, J.P., & Williams, T. M. (2017). Energetics-informed behavioral states reveal the drive to kill in African leopards. Ecosphere, 8(6), e01850. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1850

Woodroffe, R., Groom, R., & McNutt, J. W. (2017). Hot dogs: High ambient temperatures impact reproductivesuccess in a tropical carnivore. Journal of Animal Ecology, 1-10.

Young, H. S., McCauley, D. J., Dirzo, R., Nunn, C. L., Agwanda, B., Campana, M., Fleischer, R., Castillo, E.O., Salkeld, D., Lambin, E., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., Pringle, R. M., Riginos, C., & Helgen, K. M. (2017). Interacting effects of land-use and climate on rodent-borne disease in central Kenya. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 372(1722), 20160116. doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0116

Yurco, K. (2017). Herders and herdsmen: the remaking of pastoral livelihoods in Laikipia, Kenya. Pastoralism-Research Policy & Practice, 7, 15. doi:10.1186/s13570-017-0086-0
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Abonyo, E. A., Maniania, N. K., Warui, C. M., Kokwaro, E. D., Palmer, T. M., Doak, D. F., & Brody, A. K. (2016). Effects of entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae on non-target ants associated with Odontotermes spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) termite mounds in Kenya. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 36(3), 128-134. doi:10.1017/S1742758416000114

Alphayo, L., Wasonga, O. V., Odadi, W. O., & Ngugi, R. K. (2016). Differences of soil properties between planned and unplanned grazing sites in semi-arid pastoral rangelands of northern Kenya. International Journal of Innovative Research & Development, 5(13), 15–23.

Baker, C. C. M., Bittleston, L. S., Sanders, J. G., & Pierce, N. E. (2016). Dissecting host-associated communities with DNA barcodes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371(1702), 20150328. doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0328

Barnier, F., Duncan, P., Fritz, H., Blanchard, P., Rubenstein, D. I., & Pays, O. (2016). Between-gender differences in vigilance do not necessarily lead to differences in foraging-vigilance tradeoffs. Oecologia, 181(3), 757-768. doi:10.1007/s00442-016-3614-5

Brubaker, A. S., & Coss, R. G. (2016). Effects of single- and mixed-species group composition on the flight initiation distances of plains and Grevy’s zebras. Ethology, 122(7), 531–541. doi:10.1111/eth.12500

Campana, M. G., Parker, L. D., Hawkins, M. T. R., Young, H. S., Helgen, K. M., Gunther, M. S., Woodroffe, R., Maldonado, J. E., & Fleischer, R. C. (2016). Genome sequence, population history, and pelage genetics of the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). BMC Genomics, 17(1), 1013. doi:10.1186/s12864-016-3368-9

Coverdale, T. C., Kartzinel, T. R., Grabowski, K. L., Shriver, R. K., Hassan, A. A., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., & Pringle, R. M. (2016). Elephants in the understory: opposing direct and indirect effects of consumption and ecosystem engineering by megaherbivores. Ecology, 97(11), 3219–3230. doi:10.1002/ecy.1557

Ezenwa, V. O., & Snider, M. H. (2016). Reciprocal relationships between behaviour and parasites suggest that negative feedback may drive flexibility in male reproductive behaviour. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283(1831), 20160423. doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.0423

Farine, D. R., Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Berger-Wolf, T., Ziebart, B., Brugere, I., Li, J., & Crofoot, M. C. (2016). Both nearest neighbours and long-term affiliates predict individual locations during collective movement in wild baboons. Scientific Reports, 6, 27704. doi:10.1038/srep27704

Fynn, R. W. S., Augustine, D. J., Peel, M. J. S., & de Garine-Wichatitsky, M. (2016). Strategic management of livestock to improve biodiversity conservation in African savannahs: a conceptual basis for wildlife-livestock coexistence. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53, 388-397.

Gawriluk, T. R., Simkin, J., Thompson, K. L., Biswas, S.K., Clare-Salzler, Z., Kimani, J. M., Kiama, S. G., Ezenwa V. O., Smith, J. J., & Seifert, A. W. (2016). Comparative analysis of ear-hole closure identifies epimorphic regeneration as a discrete trait in mammals. Nature Communications, 7, 11164. doi:10.1038/ncomms11164

Ghai, R. R., Mutinda, M., & Ezenwa, V. O. (2016). Limited sharing of tick-borne hemoparasites between sympatric wild and domestic ungulates. Veterinary Parasitology, 226, 167–173. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2016.07.005

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Gower, D. B., Dell’Angelo, J., McCord, P. F., Caylor, K. K., & Evans, T. P. (2016). Modeling ecohydrological dynamics of smallholder strategies for food production in dryland agricultural systems. Environmental Research Letters, 11(11), 115005. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/115005

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McNally, A., Shukla, S., Arsenault, K. R., Wang, S., Peters-Lidard, C. D., & Verdin, J. P. (2016). Evaluating ESA CCI soil moisture in East Africa. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation & Geoinformation, 48, 96-109. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2016.01.001

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Rudolph, K. P. & McEntee, J. P. (2016). Spoils of war and peace: enemy adoption and queen-right colony fusion follow costly intraspecific conflict in acacia ants. Behavioral Ecology, 27(3), 793–802. doi:10.1093/beheco/arv219

Schieltz, J. M. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2016). Evidence based review: positive versus negative effects of livestock grazing on wildlife. What do we really know? Environmental Research Letters, 11(11), 113003. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/113003

Smith, D. A., Gordon, I. J., Traut, W., Herren, J., Collins, S., Martins, D. J., Saitoti, K., & Ireri, P. (2016). A neo-W chromosome in a tropical butterfly links colour pattern, male-killing, and speciation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283(1835), 20160821. doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.0821

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Apakupakul, K. & Rubenstein, D. R. (2015). Bateman’s Principle Is Reversed in a Cooperatively Breeding Bird. Biological Letters, 11(4), 1–4. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0034

Awuor, F. O. (2015). Impacts of military training on the distribution and abundance of small versus large wildlife herbivores on Mpala Ranch, Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 53(2), 1–4. doi:10.1111/aje.12210

Bernard, M., Menz, A., & Booth, L. (2015). The longevity of the magnet effect: fire-herbivory interactions in central Kenya. Consilience, (14), 207-213.

Bonachela, J. A., Pringle, R. M., Sheffer, E., Coverdale, T. C., Guyton, J. A., Caylor, K. K., Levin, S. A., & Tarnita, C. E. (2015). Termite mounds can increase the robustness of dryland ecosystems to climatic change. Science, 347(6222), 651-655. doi:10.1126/science.1261487

Costelloe, B. R. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Coping with transition: offspring risk and maternal behavioural changes at the end of the hiding phase. Animal Behavior, 109, 217–225. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.08.022

Deem, S. L., Fèvre, E.M., Kinnaird, M., Browne, A. S., Muloi, D., Godeke, G., Koopmans, M., & Reusken, C. B. (2015). Serological evidence of MERS-CoV antibodies in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedaries) in Laikipia County, Kenya. PloS One 12(5), e0178310. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140125

Ford, A.T. & Goheen, J.R. (2015a). Trophic cascades by large carnivores: a case for strong inference and mechanism. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 30(12), 725–735. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.09.012

Ford, A. T, & Goheen, J.R. (2015b). An experimental study on risk effects in a dwarf antelope, Madoqua guentheri. Journal of Mammalogy, 96(5), 918–926. doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyv090.

Ford, A. T. (2015). The mechanistic pathways of trophic interactions in human-occupied landscapes. Science, 350(6265), 1175-1176. doi:10.1126/science.aad7134

Ford, A. T., Goheen, J.R., Augustine, D.J., Kinnaird, M., O’Brien, T.J., Palmer, T. M., Pringle, R.M., & Woodroffe, R. (2015). Recovery of African wild dogs suppresses prey but does not trigger a trophic cascade. Ecological Society of America, 96(10), 2705–2714. doi:10.1890/14-2056.1

Fraser, L. H., Pither, J. Jentsch, A., Sternberg, M., Zobel, M., Askarizadeh, D., Bartha, S., et al. (2015). Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness. Science, 349(6245), 302–306. doi:10.1126/science.aab3916

Iles, L. & Lane, P. (2015). Iron production in second millennium AD pastoralist contexts on the Laikipia Plateau, Kenya. Azania, 50(3), 372-401. doi:10.1080/0067270X.2015.1079379

Kartzinel, T. R., Chen, P. A., Coverdale, T. C., Erickson, D. L., Kress, W. J., Kuzmina, M. L., Rubenstein, D. I., Wang, W., & Pringle, R. M. (2015). DNA metabarcoding illuminates dietary niche partitioning by African large herbivores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(26), 8019–8024. doi:10.1073/pnas.1503283112

Larison, B., Harrigan, R. J., Thomassen, H. A., Rubenstein, D. I., Chan-Golston, A. M., Li, E., & Smith, T. B. (2015). How the zebra got its stripes: a problem with too many solutions. Royal Society Open Science, 2(1), 140452. doi:10.1098/rsos.140452

Larison, B., Harrigan, R.J., Rubenstein, D.I., & Smith, T.B. (2015) Concordance on zebra stripes is not black and white. Royal Society Open Science, 2(1), 140452.

Mally, R., Korycinska, A., Agassiz, D. J. L., Hall, J., Hodgetts, J., & Nuss, M. (2015). Discovery of an unknown diversity of Leucinodes species damaging Solanaceae fruits in sub-Saharan Africa and moving in trade (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Pyraloidea). Zookeys, 472, 117–162. doi:10.3897/zookeys.472.8781

Matsumoto-Oda, A. (2015). How surviving baboons behaved after leopard predation: a case report. Anthropological Science, 123(1), 13-17. doi:10.1537/ase.150223

Ngatia, L., Turner, B., Njoka, J., Young, T., & Reddy, K. (2015). The effects of herbivory and nutrients on plant biomass and carbon storage in vertisols of an East African savanna. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 208, 55-63.

O’Connor, D. A., Butt B., & Foufopoulos, J. B. (2015). Foraging ecologies of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) and camels (Camelus dromedarius) in northern Kenya: effects of habitat structure and possibilities for competition? African Journal of Ecology, 53(2), 183–193. doi:10.1111/aje.12204

Odadi, W. O. & Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Herd size-dependent effects of restricted foraging time allowance on cattle behavior, nutrition, and performance. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 68(4), 341-348. doi:10.1016/j.rama.2015.05.009

Oriol-Cotterill, A., Macdonald, D.W., Valeix, M., Ekwanga, S., and Frank, L.G. (2015). Spatiotemporal patterns of lion space use in a human-dominated landscape. Animal Behaviour, 101, 27–39. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.11.020

Palmer, T., Pringle, E., Stier, A., & Holt, R. (2015). Mutualism in a community context. In J. Bronstein, Mutualism (1st ed., pp. 159-180). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Pennisi, E. (2015). Africa’s Soil Engineers: Termites. Science, 347(6222), 596–597. doi:10.1126/science.347.6222.596

Pollack, L. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2015). The fitness consequences of kin-biased dispersal in a cooperatively breeding bird. Biology Letters, 11(7). doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0336

Porensky, L. M. & Veblen, K.E. (2015). Generation of ecosystem hotspots using short-term cattle corrals in an African savanna. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 68(2), 131–141. doi:10.1016/j.rama.2015.01.002

Riginos, C., Karande, M.A., Rubenstein, D.I., & Palmer, T.M. (2015). Disruption of a protective ant-plant mutualism by an invasive ant increases elephant damage to savanna trees. Ecology, 96(3), 654–661.

Riginos, C. (2015). Climate and the landscape of fear in an African savanna. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84, 124–133. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12262.

Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Networks of terrestrial ungulates: linking form and function. In J. Krause, R. James, D.W. Franks & D.P. Croft (Eds.), Animal social networks (pp. 184-196). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Rubenstein, D.I., Berger-Wolf, T., Tantipathananandh, C., Sundaresan, S., & Fischoff, I. (2015). Similar but different: dynamic social network analysis highlights fundamental differences between the fission-fusion societies of two quid species, the onager and Grevy’s zebra. PLoS One, 10(10), e0138645. doi:10:1371/journal.pone.0138645

Schieltz, J.M. & Rubenstein, D.I. (2015). Caught between two worlds: genes and environment influence behaviour of plains and Grevy’s zebra hybrids in central Kenya. Animal Behaviour, 106, 17–26. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.04.026

Searchinger, T. D., Estes, L., Thornton, P. K., Beringer, T., Notenbaert, A., Rubenstein, D. I, Heimlich, R., Licker, R., & Herrero, M. (2015). High carbon and biodiversity costs from converting Africa’s wet savannahs to cropland. Nature Climate Change, 5, 481-486. doi:10.1038/nclimate2584

Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Farine, D. R., Couzin, I. D., & Crofoot, M. C. (2015). Shared decision-making drives collective movement in wild baboons. Science, 348(6241), 1358–1361. doi:10.1126/science.aaa5099

Tong, W., Shapiro, B., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2015). Genetic relatedness in two-tiered plains zebra societies suggests that females choose to associate with kin. Behaviour, 152(15), 2059 – 2078. doi:10.1163/1568539X-00003314

Young, H. S., Dirzo, R., McCauley, D. J., Agwanda, B., Cattaneo, L., Dittmar, K., . . . Helgen, K. M. (2015). Drivers of intensity and prevalence of flea parasitism on small mammals in east african savanna ecosystems. Journal of Parasitology, 101: 327-335.

Young, H. S., Young, T. P., McCauley, D. J., Dirzo, R., Goheen, J. R., Agwanda, B., . . . Helgen, K. M. (2015). Context-dependent effects of large-wildlife declines on small-mammal communities in central Kenya. Ecological Applications, 25: 348-360.
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Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., Davies, S.J., Bennett, A.C., Gonzalez-Akre, E.B., Muller-Landau, H.C., Wright, S.J., … Zimmerman, J. (2014). CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology, 21(2), 528-549. doi:10.1111/gcb.12712

Brown, J.W., Copeland, R.S., Aarvik, L., Miller, S.E., Rosati, M.E., & Luke, Q. (2014). Host records for fruit-feeding Afrotropical Tortricidae (Lepidoptera). African Entomology, 22(2), 343-376. doi:10.4001/003.022.0225

DePuy, W., Benka, V., Massey, A., Deem, S., Kinnaird, M.F., O’Brien, T., … & Hardin, R. (2014). Q fever risk across a dynamic, heterogeneous landscape in Laikipia County, Kenya. Ecohealth, 11(3), 429-433. doi:10.1007/s10393-014-0924-0

Dirzo, R., Young, H. S., Galetti, M., Ceballos, G., Isaac, N. J. B., & Collen, B. (2014). Defaunation in the anthropocene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6195), 401-406.

Dolrenry, S., Stenglein, J., Hazzah, L., Lutz, R.S., & Frank, L. (2014). Metapopulation approach to African lion (Panthera leo) conservation. PLOS ONE, 9(2), e88081. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088081

Ford, A.T., Goheen, J.R., Otieno, T.O., Bidner, L., Isbell, L.A., Palmer, T.M., Ward, D., Woodroffe, R., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Large carnivores make savanna tree communities less thorny. Science, 346(6207), 346-349. doi:10.1126/science.1252753

Foster, C.N., P.S. Barton, D.B. Lindenmayer. (2014). Effects of large native herbivores on other animals. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 929–938.

Franz, T.E., Zreda, M., & King, E.G. (2014). Cosmic-ray soil moisture probe: a new technology to manage African dryland ecosystems. In L.K Heng, K. Sakadevan, G. Dercon, & M.L. Nguyen (Eds.), International Symposium on Managing Soils for Food Security and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation (pp. 381–386). Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Kane, A., Jackson, A.L., Ogada, D.L., Monadjem, A., McNally, L., & Kane, A. (2014). Vultures acquire information on carcass location from scavenging eagles. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281(1793), 20141072. doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.1072

Kartzinel, T.R., Goheen, J.R., Charles, G.K., Defranco, E., Maclean, J.E., Otieno, T., Palmer, T.M., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Plant and small mammal responses to large-herbivore exclusion in a semi-arid African savanna: the first five years of the UHURU experiment. Ecology, 95, 787. (data paper: Ecological Archives E095-064-D1)

Kaye-Zwiebel, E. & King, E. (2014). Kenyan pastoralist societies in transition: varying perceptions of the value of ecosystem services. Ecology and Society, 19(3), 17. doi:10.5751/ES-06753-190317

Keesing, F. & Young, T.P. (2014). Cascading consequences of the loss of large mammals in an African savanna. Bioscience, 64(6), 487-405. doi:10.1093/biosci/biu059

Kendall, C.J., Virani, M.Z., Hopcraft, J.G.C., Bildstein, K.L., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2014). African vultures don’t follow migratory herds: scavenger habitat use is not mediated by prey abundance. PLoS ONE, 1(9), e83470. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083470

Kimuyu, D.K., Sensenig, R.L., Riginos, C., Veblen, K.E., & Young, T.P. (2014). Wild and domestic browsers and grazers reduce fuels, fire temperatures, and acacia ant mortality in an African savanna. Ecological Applications, 24(4), 741-749.

Lekerpes, S.S., Jung’a, J.O., Badamana, M.S., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2014). Genetic polymorphism of beta-lactoglobulin in Kenyan small East Africa goat breed using PCR-RFLP and sequencing. Journal of Animal Science, 3(8), 233-239. doi:10.14196/sjas.v3i9.1658

Louthan, A.M., Doak, D.F., Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Mechanisms of plant–plant interactions: concealment from herbivores is more important than abiotic-stress mediation in an African savannah. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281(1780), 2013264. doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.2647

Miller, S.E., R.S. Copeland, M.E. Rosati and P.D.N. Hebert. 2014. DNA barcodes of Microlepidoptera reared from native fruit in Kenya. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 116: 137-142.

Ngatia, L.W., Reddy, K.R., Naira, P.K.R., Pringle, R.M., Palmer, T.M., & Turner, B.L. (2014). Seasonal patterns in decomposition and nutrient release. Agriculture, Ecosystems, & Environment, 188, 12-19. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2014.02.004

Petipas, R.H. & Brody, A.K. (2014). Termites and ungulates affect arbuscular mycorrhizal richness and infectivity in a semi-arid savanna. Botany, 92(3), 233-240. doi:10.1139/cjb-2013-0223

Pringle, R.M., Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., Charles, G.K., Defranco, E., Hohbein, R., Ford, A.T., & Tarnita, C. (2014). Low functional redundancy among mammalian browsers in regulating an encroaching shrub (Solanum campylacanthum) in African savanna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281(1785), 20140390. doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.0390

Riginos, C., Karande, M.A., Rubenstein, D.I., & Palmer, T.M. (2014). Disruption of a protective ant- plant mutualism by an invasive ant increases elephant damage to savanna trees. Ecology, 96(3), 654-661. doi:10.1890/14-1348.1

Roberts, B.A. & Rubenstein, D.I. (2014). Maternal tactics for mitigating neonate predation risk during the postpartum period in Thomson’s gazelle. Behaviour, 151(9), 1229-1248. doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.1534542

Scott, S.E., Copeland, R.S., Rosati, M.E., & Hebert, P.D.N. (2014). DNA barcodes of Microlepidoptera reared from native fruit in Kenya. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 116, 137-142. doi:10.4289/0013-8797.116.1.137

Shen, S., Akçay, E., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2014). Group size and social conflict in complex societies. The American Naturalist, 183(2), 301–310. doi:10.1086/674378

Tallis, H., Lubchenko, J., & 238 co-signatories (including Kinnaird, M.F.). (2014). Working together: a call for inclusive conservation. Nature, 515(7525), 27-28.

Tarnita, C.E., Palmer, T.M., & Pringle, R.M. (2014). Colonisation and competition dynamics can explain incomplete sterilisation parasitism in ant–plant symbioses. Ecology Letters, 17(10), 1290-1298. doi:10.1111/ele.12336

Toth, A.B., Lyons, S.K., & Behrensmeyer, A.K. (2014). A century of change in Kenya’s mammal communities: increased richness and decreased uniqueness in six protected areas. PLoS ONE, 9(4), e93092. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093092

Weinman, L.R., Solomon, J.W., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2014). A comparison of SNP and microsatellite markers for analysis of parentage and kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Molecular Ecology, 15(3), 502–511. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12330

Young, H. S., Dirzo, R., Helgen, K. M., McCauley, D. J., Billeter, S., Kosoy, M., Osikowicz, L., Young, T. P., & Dittmar, K. (2014). Declines in large wildlife increase landscape-level prevalence of rodent-borne disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(19), 7036-7041. doi:10.1073/pnas.1404958111
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Beauquier, J., Blanchard, P., Burman, J., & Delaët, S. (2013). Tight complexity analysis of population protocols with cover times – The ZebraNet example. Theoretical Computer Science, 512, 15-27. doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2012.10.032

Bergstrom, B.J. (2013). Would East African savanna rodents inhibit woody encroachment? Evidence from stable isotopes and microhistological analysis of feces. Journal of Mammalogy, 94(2), 436-447. doi:10.1644/12-MAMM-A-146.1

Crall, J.P., Stewart, C.V., Berger-Wolf, T.Y., Rubenstein, D. I., & Sundaresan, S.R. (2013). HotSpotter – patterned species instance recognition. IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision. doi:10.1109/WACV.2013.6475023

Creel, S., Dantzer, B., Goymann, W., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2013). The ecology of stress: effects of the social environment. Functional Ecology, 27(1), 66-80. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2012.02029.x

Dixit, A., S. Levin, and D. I Rubenstein. 2013. Reciprocal insurance among Kenyan pastoralists. DARPA. Theoretical Ecology 6(2): 173-187. DOI: 10.1007/s12080-012-0169-x. 

Donihue, C.M., Porensky, L.M., Foufopoulus, J., Riginos, C., & Pringle, R.M. (2013). Glade cascades: indirect legacy effects of pastoralism enhance the abundance and spatial structuring of arboreal fauna. Ecology, 94(4), 827-837. doi:10.1890/12-0856.1

Isbell, L.A. (2013). Erythrocebus patas Patas monkey. In J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, & J. Kalina (Eds.), The Mammals of Africa: Vol. II Primates (pp. 257-264). London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Isbell, L.A. & Jaffe, K.L.E. (2013). Chlorocebus pygerythrus Vervet monkey. In J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, & J. Kalina (Eds.), The Mammals of Africa: Vol II Primates (pp. 277-283). London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Isbell, L.A., Rothman, J.M., Young, P.J., & Rudolph, K. (2013). Nutritional benefits of Crematogaster mimosae ants and Acacia drepanolobium gum for patas monkeys and vervets in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 150(2), 286-300. doi:10.1002/ajpa.22205

Keen, S.C., Meliza, C.D., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2013). Flight calls signal group and individual identity but not kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Behavioral Ecology, 24(6), 1279-1285.

Keesing, F., Allan, B.F., Young, T.P., & Ostfeld, R.S. (2013). Effects of wildlife and cattle on tick abundance in central Kenya. Ecological Applications, 23(6), 1410–1418.

Kirigia, A., Njoka, J.T., Kinyua, P.D., & Young, T.P. (2013). Characterizations of livestock manure marketing chain and the annual income contribution of manure trade in Mukogodo, Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8, 5864-5871.

Lane, P.J. (2013). Trajectories to pastoralism in northern and central Kenya: an overview of the archaeological and environmental evidence. In M. Bollig & Hans-Peter Wotzka (Eds.), Pastoralism in Africa: Past, Present and Future (pp. 104-144). Oxford, NY: Berghahn Books.

Louthan, A. M., Doak, D. F., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T. M., & Pringle, R. M. (2013). Climatic stress mediates the impacts of herbivory on plant population structure and components of individual fitness. Journal of Ecology, 101(4), 1074-1083. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12090

Maia, R., Rubenstein, D.R., & Shawkey, M.D. (2013). Key ornamental innovations facilitate diversification in an avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(26), 10687-10692. doi:10.1073/pnas.1220784110

Martins, D.J. (2013). People, Plants and Pollinators: Uniting Conservation, Food Security, and Sustainable Agriculture in East Africa. In N.S. Sodhi, L. Gibson, & P.H. Raven (Eds.), Conservation Biology: Voices from the Tropics, First Edition (ch. 27). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi:10.1002/9781118679838.ch27

Martins, D.J. & Johnson, S.D. (2013). Interactions between hawkmoths and flowering plants in East Africa: polyphagy and evolutionary specialization in an ecological context. Biological Journal of the Linean Society, 110(1), 199-213. doi:10.1111/bij.12107

Meliza, C.D., Keen, S.C., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2013). Pitch- and spectral-based dynamic time warping methods for comparing field recordings of harmonic avian vocalizations. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(2), 1407-1415. doi:10.1121/1.4812269

Odadi, W.O., S.A. Abdulrazak, M.M. Karachi, & T.P. Young. (2013). Protein supplementation-driven shifts in forage selection by cattle: implications for cattle wildlife coexistence. Ecological Applications, 23: 455-463. 

Palmer, T.M. and A.K. Brody. 2013 Enough is enough: The effects of symbiotic ant abundance on herbivory, growth and reproduction in an African acacia. Ecology 94: 683-691.

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., Young, T.P., Lemboi, J.S., Goheen, J.R., & Pringle, R.M. (2013). A role for indirect facilitation in supporting diversity in a guild of African acacia ants. Ecology, 94(7), 1531-1539.

Pilowsky, J.A. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2013). Social context and the lack of sexual dimorphism in song in an avian cooperative breeder. Animal Behaviour, 85(4), 709-714. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.01.012

Porensky, L.M. & Young, T.P. (2013). Edge-effects interactions in fragmented and patchy landscapes. Conservation Biology, 27(3), 509-519. doi:10.1111/cobi.12042

Porensky, L.M., Wittman, S.E., Riginos, C., & Young, T.P. (2013). Herbivory and drought interact to enhance spatial patterning and diversity in a savanna understory. Oecologia, 173(2), 591-602. doi:10.1007/s00442-013-2637-4

Porensky, L.M., Bucher, S.F., Veblen, K.E., Treydte, A.C., & Young, T.P. (2013). Megaherbivores and cattle alter edge effects around nutrient hotspots in an East African savanna. Journal of Arid Environments, 96, 55-63. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2013.04.003

Poulsen, J. R., Clark, C. J., & Palmer, T. M. (2013). Ecological erosion of an Afrotropical forest and potential consequences for tree recruitment and forest biomass. Biological Conservation, 163, 122-130. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2013.03.021

Prager, K.C., J.A.K. Mazet, E.J. Dubovi, L.G. Frank, L. Munson, A.P. Wagner, and R. Woodroffe. 2013. Rabies virus and canine distemper virus in wild and domestic carnivores in Northern Kenya: are domestic dogs the reservoir? EcoHealth, 9(4), 483-498. doi:10.1007/s10393-013-0815-9

Rota, J. & Miller, S. (2013). A new genus of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae) with Afrotropical and Australasian distribution. ZooKeys, 355, 29-47. doi:10.3897/zookeys.355.6158

Rubin, B.E., Anderson, R.M., Kennedy, D., Palmer, T.M., & Stanton, M.L. (2013). Polygyny in the nest-site limited acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Insectes Sociaux, 60(2), 231-241. doi:10.1007/s00040-013-0287-5

Rudolph, K. E. & Palmer, T. M. (2013). Carbohydrates as fuel for defense, foraging and colony growth – a field test with the tropical plant-ant Crematogaster nigriceps in Laikipia, Kenya. Biotropica, 45(5), 620-627. doi:10.1111/btp.12040

Sankaran, S., Augustine, D.J., & Ratnam, J. (2013). Native ungulates of diverse body sizes collectively regulate long-term woody plant demography and structure of a semi-arid savanna. Journal of Ecology, 101(6), 1389-1399. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12147

Schumer, M., Birger, R., Tantipathananandh, C., Aurisano, J., Maggioni, M., & Mwangi, P. (2013). Infestation by a common parasite is correlated with ant symbiont identity in a plant-ant mutualism. Biotropica, 45(3), 276-279. doi:10.1111/btp.12038

Seipke RF, Barke J, Heavens D, Yu DW, Hutchings MI. 2013. Analysis of the bacterial communities associated with two ant-plant symbioses. Microbiology Open 2:276–83. [Some material collected on “Mpala Road”, with coordinates around Mpala/Tomlinson.]

Soderberg, K., Good, S. P., O’Connor, M., Wang, L., Ryan, K., & Caylor, K. K. (2013). Using atmospheric trajectories to model the isotopic composition of rainfall in central Kenya. Ecosphere 4(3), 1-18. doi:10.1890/ES12-00160.1

Veblen, K.E. (2013). Impacts of traditional livestock corrals on woody plant communities in an East African savanna. Rangeland Journal, 35(3), 349-353. doi:10.1071/RJ13001

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Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Habitat use and movements of plains zebra (Equus burchelli) in response to predation in danger from lions. Behavioral Ecology, 18(4), 725-729. doi:10.1093/beheco/arm036

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Augustine, D.J. (2003). Long-term, livestock-mediated redistribution of nitrogen and phosphorous in an East African savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40(1), 137-149. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2003.00778.x

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Ezenwa, V.O. (2003). The effects of time of day on the prevalence of coccidian oocysts in antelope faecal samples. African Journal of Ecology, 41(2), 192-193. doi:10.1046/j.0141-6707.2002.00416.x

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Comstock, K.E., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., Roca, A.L., Ostrander, E.A., O’Brien, S.J., & Wasser, S.K. (2002). Patterns of molecular genetic variation among African elephant populations. Molecular Ecology, 11(12), 2489-2498. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x.2002.01615.x

Enstam, K.L. & Isbell, L.A. (2002). Comparison of responses to alarm calls by patas (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys in relation to habitat structure. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 119(1), 3-14. doi:10.1002/ajpa.10104

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Carlson, A.A. & Isbell, L.A. (2001). Causes and consequences of single-male and multimale mating in free-ranging patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas. Animal Behavior, 62(6), 1047-1058. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1849

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Miller, S.E. & Rogo, L.M. (2001). Challenges and opportunities in understanding and utilization of African insect diversity. Cimbebasia, 17, 197-218.

Okello, B.D., O’Connor, T.G., & Young, T.P. (2001). Growth, biomass estimates, and charcoal production of Acacia drepanolobium in Laikipia, Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management, 142(1-3), 143-153. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00346-7

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Ezzati, M., Mbinda, B.M., & Kammen, D.M. (2000). Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya. Environmental Science and Technology, 34(4), 578-583. doi:10.1021/es9905795

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Pruetz, J.D., & Isbell, L.A. (2000). Correlations of food distribution and patch size with agonistic interactions in female vervets (Chlorocebus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) living in simple habitats. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 49(1), 38-47. doi:10.1007/s002650000272

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Greenwood, A.D., Capelli, C., Possnert, G., & Paabo, S. (1999). Nuclear DNA sequences from Late Pleistocene megafauna. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 16(11), 1466-1473. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026058

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Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Nzuma, B.M., & Young, T.P. (1999). Comparing measures of travel distances in primates: Methodological considerations and socioecological implications. American Journal of Primatology, 48(2), 87-98.

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Isbell, L.A. (1998). Diet for a small primate: insectivory and gummivory in the (large) patas monkey (Erythroocebus patas pyrrhonotus). American Journal of Primatology, 45(4), 381-398. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1998)45:4<381::AID-AJP5>3.0.CO;2-S

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Young, T.P., Stubblefield, C.H., Isbell, L.A. 1997. Ants on swollen-thorn acacias: species coexistence in a simple system. Oecologia 109(1), 98-107. doi: 10.1007/s004420050063
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Isbell, L.A., Van Vuren, D. 1996. Differential costs of locational and social dispersal and their consequences for female group-living primates. Behaviour 133 (1), 1 – 36. doi:10.1163/156853996×00017
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