2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 |2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 |2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995


Akunda, I. K., Kariuki, D. W., Matulis, G., Mwaura, P., Maina, B., Mohammed, H., Paul, A., Onyambu, F. G., ole Kwallah, A., Martins, D. J., von Fricken, M. E., & Kamau, J. M. (2023). Antimicrobial resistance patterns and characterisation of emerging beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in camels sampled from Northern Kenya. Veterinary Medicine and Science, 9(3), 1407–1416.

Ang’ila, R. O., Kimuyu, D. M., Wambugu, G. M., Kenfack, D., Musili, P. M., & Kartzinel, T. R. (2023). Fine-scale variation in soil and topography influences herbaceous vegetation and the distribution of large mammalian herbivores. African Journal of Ecology, 61(3), 706–716.

Angwenyi, S. K. S., Hassell, J., Miller, M. A., Mutinda, M., Vitali, F., & Murray, S. (2023). A review of clostridial diseases in rhinoceroses. Conservation Science and Practice, 5(3), e12906.

Aron, P. G., Li, S., Brooks, J. R., Welker, J. M., & Levin, N. E. (2023). Seasonal Variations in Triple Oxygen Isotope Ratios of Precipitation in the Western and Central United States. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 38(4), e2022PA004458.

Benka, V. A. (2023). Expanding the scope of challenges to human-wildlife coexistence, and the implications for conservation: A case study of Laikipia, Kenya. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 28(6), 585–601.

Bergstrom, B. J., Scruggs, S. B., & Vieira, E. M. (2023). Tropical savanna small mammals respond to loss of cover following disturbance: A global review of field studies. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 11.

Brandl, H. B., Klarevas-Irby, J. A., Zuniga, D., Wheat, C. H., Christensen, C., Omengo, F., Nzomo, C., Cherono, W., Nyaguthii, B., & Farine, D. R. (2023). The physiological costs of spatial positioning and leadership in collective movements (p. 2023.11.22.567987). bioRxiv.

Brown, B. R. P., Goheen, J. R., Newsome, S. D., Pringle, R. M., Palmer, T. M., Khasoha, L. M., & Kartzinel, T. R. (2023). Host phylogeny and functional traits differentiate gut microbiomes in a diverse natural community of small mammals. Molecular Ecology, 32(9), 2320–2334.

Brown, M. B., Fennessy, J. T., Crego, R. D., Fleming, C. H., Alves, J., Brandlová, K., Fennessy, S., Ferguson, S., Hauptfleisch, M., Hejcmanova, P., Hoffman, R., Leimgruber, P., Masiaine, S., McQualter, K., Mueller, T., Muller, B., Muneza, A., O’Connor, D., Olivier, A. J., … Stabach, J. (2023). Ranging behaviours across ecological and anthropogenic disturbance gradients: A pan-African perspective of giraffe (Giraffa spp.) space use. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 290(2001), 20230912.

Coetsee, C., Wigley, B. J., Sankaran, M., Ratnam, J., & Augustine, D. J. (2023). Contrasting Effects of Grazing vs Browsing Herbivores Determine Changes in Soil Fertility in an East African Savanna. Ecosystems, 26(1), 161–173.

Dehnen, T., Nyaguthii, B., Cherono, W., Boogert, N. J., & Farine, D. R. (2023). Breeding alters females’ social positions by changing dominance dynamics bioRxiv.

Lenguya L., Ewaton L, Pilfold N. (2023) Electricity pylons are used by olive baboons (Papio anubis) as sleeping sites in Laikipia, Kenya. Authorea.

Ema, L., Nielsen, R., Short, Z., Wicks, S., Watetu, W. N., Khasoha, L. M., Palmer, T. M., Goheen, J. R., & Alston, J. M. (2023). Symbiotic acacia ants drive nesting behavior by birds in an African savanna. bioRxiv.

Epps, C. W., Crowhurst, R. S., Spaan, R., Weldy, M., & Tavalire, H. F. (2023) Influence of climate and landscape on genetic differentiation of aardvarks (Orycteropus afer). Diversity and Distributions.

Lyet, A., Waller, S., Chambert, T., Acevedo, P., Howe, E., Kühl, H.S., Naidoo, R., O’Brien, T., Palencia, P., Soutyrina, S.V., Vicente, J., Wearn, O.R. and Gray, T.N.E. (2023), Estimating animal density using the Space-to-Event model and bootstrap resampling with motion-triggered camera-trap data. Remote Sens Ecol Conserv.

Forbes, E., Benenati, V., Frey, S., Hirsch, M., Koech, G., Lewin, G., Mantas, J. N., & Caylor, K. (2023). Fluxbots: A Method for Building, Deploying, Collecting and Analyzing Data From an Array of Inexpensive, Autonomous Soil Carbon Flux Chambers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 128(6), e2023JG007451.

Frank LG (2023) Twenty years of lion conservation in a commercial rangeland. Front. Ecol. Evol. 11:1141195.

Gill, B. A., Wittemyer, G., Cerling, T. E., Musili, P. M., & Kartzinel, T. R. (2023). Foraging history of individual elephants using DNA metabarcoding. Royal Society Open Science, 10(7), 230337.

Rabaiotti, D., Coulson, T., & Woodroffe, R. (2023). Climate change is predicted to cause population collapse in a cooperative breeder. Global Change Biology, 29, 6002–6017.

Griffiths, M., Mueni, F., Baker, K., & Patel, S. (2023). Decolonising spaces of knowledge production: Mpala research centre in Laikipia County, Kenya. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, 25148486231156728.

Shah, S. S., & Rubenstein, D. R. (2023). Group augmentation underlies the evolution of complex sociality in the face of environmental instability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 120(18), e2212211120.

He, P., Klarevas-Irby, J. A., Papageorgiou, D., Christensen, C., Strauss, E. D., & Farine, D. R. (2023). A guide to sampling design for GPS-based studies of animal societies. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 14(8), 1887–1905.

Kirathe, J. N., Githaiga, J. M., Chira, R. M., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2024). Habitat selection by Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi): Conservation implications. African Journal of Ecology, 62, e13229.

Klarevas-Irby, J. A., & Farine, D. R. (2024). Diel patterns of movement reveal temporal strategies during dispersal. Animal Behaviour, 207, 119–129.

Klarevas-Irby, J. A., Nyaguthii, B., & Farine, D. R. (2023). Moving as a group imposes constraints on the energetic efficiency of movement (p. 2023.11.26.568763). bioRxiv.

Kline, J., Stewart, C., Berger-Wolf, T., Ramirez, M., Stevens, S., Babu, R. R., Banerji, N., Sheets, A., Balasubramaniam, S., Campolongo, E., Thompson, M., Stewart, C. V., Kholiavchenko, M., Rubenstein, D. I., Van Tiel, N., & Miliko, J. (2023). A Framework for Autonomic Computing for In Situ Imageomics. 2023 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing and Self-Organizing Systems (ACSOS), 11–16.

Koger, B., Deshpande, A., Kerby, J. T., Graving, J. M., Costelloe, B. R., & Couzin, I. D. (2023). Quantifying the movement, behaviour and environmental context of group-living animals using drones and computer vision. Journal of Animal Ecology, 92(7), 1357–1371.

Lea, A. J., Caldas, I. V., Garske, K. M., Echwa, J., Gurven, M., Handley, C., Kahumbu, J., Kamau, Kinyua, P., Lotukoi, F., Lopurudoi, A., Lowasa, S., Mallarino, R., Martins, D., Messer, P. W., Miano, C., Muhoya, B., Peng, J., Phung, T., … Ayroles, J. F. (2023). Adaptations to water stress and pastoralism in the Turkana of northwest Kenya (p. 2023.01.17.524066). bioRxiv.

Lujan, E., Nielsen, R., Short, Z., Wicks, S., Watetu, W. N., Khasoha, L. M., Palmer, T. M., Goheen, J. R., & Alston, J. M. (2023). Symbiotic acacia ants drive nesting behavior by birds in an African savanna. Biotropica, 55(6), 1101–1105.

Milligan, P. D., Martin, T. A., Pringle, E. G., Prior, K. M., & Palmer, T. M. (2023). Symbiotic ant traits produce differential host-plant carbon and water dynamics in a multi-species mutualism. Ecology, 104(1), e3880.

Milligan, P. D., Palmer, T. M., Lemboi, J. S., Mosiany, J., Mutisya, S., Gituku, B., Kibungei, A., & Pringle, E. G. (2023). Ant invasion is associated with lower root density and different root distribution of a foundational savanna tree species. Biological Invasions, 25(6), 1683–1691.

Mizell, G. M., Kim, T., Sullivan, B. W., Lemboi, J. S., Mosiany, J., Palmer, T. M., & Pringle, E. G. (2023). Carbon allocation in an East African ant-acacia: Field testing a 13C-labeling method for evaluating biotic impacts on the carbon cycle. Plant Ecology, 224(11), 953–963.

Morrison, C., Plowes, R., Ng’iru, I., Rhodes, A., Martins, D., & Gilbert, L. (2023). Arthropod associates of Kenyan buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris): A field survey for biological control candidates of a globally important invasive grass. African Entomology, 31.

Nams, V. O., Parker, D. M., Weise, F. J., Patterson, B. D., Buij, R., Radloff, F. G. T., Vanak, A. T., Tumenta, P. N., Hayward, M. W., Swanepoel, L. H., Funston, P. J., Bauer, H., Power, R. J., O’Brien, J., O’Brien, T. G., Tambling, C. J., de Iongh, H. H., Ferreira, S. M., Owen-Smith, N., … Beukes, M. (2023). Spatial patterns of large African cats: A large-scale study on density, home range size, and home range overlap of lions Panthera leo and leopards Panthera pardus. Mammal Review, 53(2), 49–64.

Norwood, A. L., Pobiner, B. L., Shedden, K., & Kingston, J. D. (2023). Modeling periodicity in equid serial enamel isotopes as a proxy for precipitation seasonality. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 625, 111666.

Orteu, A., Kucka, M., Katili, E., Ngumbao, C., Gordon, I. J., Ng’iru, I., Heijden, E. van der, Talavera, G., Warren, I. A., Collins, S., ffrench-Constant, R. H., Martins, D. J., Chan, Y. F., Jiggins, C. D., & Martin, S. H. (2023). Transposable element insertions are associated with Batesian mimicry in the pantropical butterfly Hypolimnas misippus (p. 2023.07.10.548380). bioRxiv.

Pringle, R. M., Abraham, J. O., Anderson, T. M., Coverdale, T. C., Davies, A. B., Dutton, C. L., Gaylard, A., Goheen, J. R., Holdo, R. M., Hutchinson, M. C., Kimuyu, D. M., Long, R. A., Subalusky, A. L., & Veldhuis, M. P. (2023). Impacts of large herbivores on terrestrial ecosystems. Current Biology: CB, 33(11), R584–R610.

Rubenstein, D. I. (2023). Equids and Predators. In H. H. T. Prins & I. J. Gordon (Eds.), The Equids: A Suite of Splendid Species (pp. 323–345). Springer International Publishing.

Rubenstein, D. R., & Solomon, J. (2023). Target-enriched enzymatic methyl sequencing: Flexible, scalable and inexpensive hybridization capture for quantifying DNA methylation. PLOS ONE, 18(3), e0282672.

Russo, N. J., Davies, A. B., Blakey, R. V., Ordway, E. M., & Smith, T. B. (2023). Feedback loops between 3D vegetation structure and ecological functions of animals. Ecology Letters, 26(9), 1597–1613.

Shah, S. S., & Rubenstein, D. R. (2023). Group augmentation underlies the evolution of complex sociality in the face of environmental instability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 120(18), e2212211120.

Slomka, L. (2023). The Plot Thickens: Effects of Large Herbivore Exclusion on Understory Community Composition in an East African Savanna.

Suire, A., Kunita, I., Harel, R., Crofoot, M., Mutinda, M., Kamau, M., Hassel, J. M., Murray, S., & Matsumoto-Oda, A. (2023a). Estimating individuals’ exposure to predation risk in group-living baboons, Papio anubis (p. 2023.06.06.543865). bioRxiv.

Takhampunya, R., Linton, Y.-M., Fricken, M. E. von, & Melendrez, M. C. (2023). Metagenomics for epidemiological surveillance in ONE HEALTH. Frontiers Media SA.

Talavera, G., García-Berro, A., Talla, V. N. K., Ng’iru, I., Bahleman, F., Kébé, K., Nzala, K. M., Plasencia, D., Marafi, M. A. J., Kassie, A., Goudégnon, E. O. A., Kiki, M., Benyamini, D., Reich, M. S., López-Mañas, R., Benetello, F., Collins, S. C., Bataille, C. P., Pierce, N. E., … Vila, R. (2023). The Afrotropical breeding grounds of the Palearctic-African migratory painted lady butterflies (Vanessa cardui). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 120(16), e2218280120.

Titcomb, G., Hulke, J., Mantas, J. N., Gituku, B., & Young, H. (2023). Cattle aggregations at shared resources create potential parasite exposure hotspots for wildlife. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 290(2012), 20232239.

Torrents-Ticó, M., Broekhuis, F., Burgas, D., Cabeza, M., Miliko, E., Komoi, T. T., & Fernández-Llamazares, Á. (2023). Using the centre-periphery framework to explore human-carnivore relations. Biological Conservation, 283, 110125.

Wells, H. B. M., Crego, R. D., Alston, J. M., Ndung’u, S. K., Khasoha, L. M., Reed, C. G., Hassan, A. A., Kurukura, S., Ekadeli, J., Namoni, M., Stewart, P. S., Kimuyu, D. M., Wolf, A. A., Young, T. P., Kartzinel, T. R., Palmer, T. M., Goheen, J. R., & Pringle, R. M. (2023). Wild herbivores enhance resistance to invasion by exotic cacti in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology, 111, 33–44.


Achee, Nicole L. 2022. The Remote Emerging Disease Intelligence—NETwork. Frontiers in Microbiology, 3382.

Benka, Valerie A. 2022. Expanding the Scope of Challenges to Human-Wildlife Coexistence, and the Implications for Conservation: A Case Study of Laikipia, Kenya. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 1–17.

Broekman MJE, JP Hildbers, M AJ Huijbregts, T Mueller, AH Ali, … DI Rubenstein, et al. (2022) Evaluating expert‐based habitat suitability information of terrestrial mammals with GPS‐tracking data. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 31(8):1526-1541.

Cizauskas, Carrie A, Alex D Washburne, Joseph E Knelman, Christina B Hansen, Antony Mwangi Nderitu, Peter Lokwamo Esinyon, Andrew Dobson, and Andrea L Graham. 2022. “Natural Helminth Infections Reduce Relative Abundance of Inflammation-Inducing Prevotella in Wild Primates.” BioRxiv. 494558

Collins, Marisol, Collins Ngetich, Milton Owido, Dennis Getange, Robert Harris, Joel L Bargul, Boku Bodha, Daniel Njoroge, Dishon Muloi, and Dino J Martins. 2022. “Detection of Antibodies to Ehrlichia Spp. in Dromedary Camels and Co-Grazing Sheep in Northern Kenya Using an Ehrlichia Ruminantium Polyclonal Competitive ELISA.” Microorganisms 10 (5): 916.

Dehnen, Tobit, Danai Papageorgiou, Brendah Nyaguthii, Wismer Cherono, Julia Penndorf, Neeltje J Boogert, and Damien R Farine. 2022. “Costs Dictate Strategic Investment in Dominance Interactions.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 377 (1845): 20200447.

Dobson A, G Hopcraft, S Mduma, JO Ogutu, J Fryxell,…DI Rubenstein, et al. (2022) Savannas are vital but overlooked carbon sinks. Science, 375(6579):392-392. doi:10.1126/science.abn448

Ebel, Carmen R, Madelon F Case, Chhaya M Werner, Lauren M Porensky, Kari E Veblen, Harry Wells, Duncan M Kimuyu, Ryan E Langendorf, Truman P Young, and Lauren M Hallett. 2022. “Herbivory and Drought Reduce the Temporal Stability of Herbaceous Cover by Increasing Synchrony in a Semi-Arid Savanna.” Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 572.

Freeman, Patrick T, Robert O Ang’ila, Duncan Kimuyu, Paul M Musili, David Kenfack, Peter Lokeny Etelej, Molly Magid, Brian A Gill, and Tyler R Kartzinel. 2022. “Gradients in the Diversity of Plants and Large Herbivores Revealed with DNA Barcoding in a Semi-Arid African Savanna.” Diversity 14 (3): 219.

Gijsman, Finote. 2022. “Facultative Cleaning of Spiral‐horned Antelope by the African Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone Viridis).” Ecology and Evolution 12 (7): e9080.

Hays, Brandon R, Corinna Riginos, Todd M Palmer, Daniel F Doak, Benard C Gituku, Nelly J Maiyo, Samuel Mutisya, Simon Musila, and Jacob R Goheen. 2022. “Demographic Consequences of Mutualism Disruption: Browsing and Big‐headed Ant Invasion Drive Acacia Population Declines.” Ecology 103 (5): e3655.

He, Peng, James A Klarevas‐Irby, Danai Papageorgiou, Charlotte Christensen, Eli D Strauss, and Damien R Farine. 2022. “A Guide to Sampling Design for GPS‐based Studies of Animal Societies.” Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 00, 1– 19

Hex, Severine BSW, Margaret Mwangi, Rosemary Warungu, and Daniel I Rubenstein. 2022. “An Observation of Attempted Infanticide and Female–Female Cooperation in Wild Plains Zebras (Equus Quagga).” Behaviour 159 (13–14): 1341–64.

Koger, Benjamin, Adwait Deshpande, Jeffrey T Kerby, Jacob M Graving, Blair R Costelloe, and Iain D Couzin. 2022. “Multi-Animal Behavioral Tracking and Environmental Reconstruction Using Drones and Computer Vision in the Wild.” BioRxiv. 2022.06.30.498251

Krell, Natasha, Frank Davenport, Laura Harrison, William Turner, Seth Peterson, Shraddhanand Shukla, Jessica Marter-Kenyon, Greg Husak, Tom Evans, and Kelly Caylor. 2022. “Using Real-Time Mobile Phone Data to Characterize the Relationships between Small-Scale Farmers’ Planting Dates and Socio-Environmental Factors.” Climate Risk Management 35: 100396.

Little, Jasmine, Dustin R Rubenstein, and Sarah Guindre-Parker. 2022. “Plasticity in Social Behaviour Varies with Reproductive Status in an Avian Cooperative Breeder.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B 289 (1974): 20220355.

Liu, Wanzhen, David AS Smith, Gayatri Raina, Rowan Stanforth, Ivy Ng’Iru, Piera Ireri, Dino J Martins, Ian J Gordon, and Simon H Martin. 2022. “Global Biogeography of Warning Coloration in the Butterfly Danaus Chrysippus.” Biology Letters 18 (6): 20210639.

Loftus, J Carter, Roi Harel, Chase L Núñez, and Margaret C Crofoot. 2022. “Ecological and Social Pressures Interfere with Homeostatic Sleep Regulation in the Wild.” Elife 11: e73695.

Marisol, Collins, Ngetich Collins, Owido Milton, and Getange Dennis. 2022. “Detection of Antibodies to Ehrlichia Spp. in Dromedary Camels and Co-Grazing Sheep in Northern Kenya Using an Ehrlichia Ruminantium Polyclonal Competitive ELISA.” Microorganisms 10(5), 916

Marsh CJ, VS Yanina, CJ Burgin, WA Dorman, RC Anderson, … DI Rubenstein, et al. (2022) Expert range maps of global mammal distributions harmonised to three taxonomic authorities. Journal of Biogeography, 49(5):979-992.

Milligan, Patrick D, Timothy A Martin, Elizabeth G Pringle, Kirsten M Prior, and Todd M Palmer. 2022. “Symbiotic Ant Traits Produce Differential Host‐plant Carbon and Water Dynamics in a Multi‐species Mutualism.” Ecology, e3880.

Milligan, Patrick D, Timothy A Martin, Elizabeth G Pringle, Corinna Riginos, Gabriella M Mizell, and Todd M Palmer. 2022. “A Soil‐nesting Invasive Ant Disrupts Carbon Dynamics in Saplings of a Foundational Ant–Plant.” Journal of Ecology 110 (2): 359–73.

Musciotto, Federico, Danai Papageorgiou, Federico Battiston, and Damien R Farine. 2022. “Beyond the Dyad: Uncovering Higher-Order Structure within Cohesive Animal Groups.” BioRxiv. 2022.05.30.494018

Ngugi, Mary W, Duncan M Kimuyu, Ryan L Sensenig, Wilfred O Odadi, Samuel K Kiboi, Joyce K Omari, and Truman P Young. 2022. “Fire and Herbivory Interactively Suppress the Survival and Growth of Trees in an African Semiarid Savanna.” Fire 5 (5): 169.

Nisi, Anna C, Justin P Suraci, Nathan Ranc, Laurence G Frank, Alayne Oriol‐Cotterill, Steven Ekwanga, Terrie M Williams, and Christopher C Wilmers. 2022. “Temporal Scale of Habitat Selection for Large Carnivores: Balancing Energetics, Risk and Finding Prey.” Journal of Animal Ecology 91 (1): 182–95.

Nyaguthii, Brendah, Peter Njoroge, and Damien R Farine. 2022. “Observation of a Black‐cheeked Waxbill (Brunhilda Charmosyna) Cleaning a Kirk’s Dik‐dik (Madoqua Kirkii).” Ecology and Evolution 12 (2): e8506.

O’Brien, Tim, and Margaret Kinnaird. 2022 “Unusual Nesting Events for Von Der Decken’s and Northern Red-Billed Hornbills in Laikipia County, Kenya.” Hornbill Natural History and Conservation, 3: 35–37

Pansu, Johan, Matthew C Hutchinson, T Michael Anderson, Mariska Te Beest, Colleen M Begg, Keith S Begg, Aurelie Bonin, Lackson Chama, Simon Chamaillé-Jammes, and Eric Coissac. 2022. “The Generality of Cryptic Dietary Niche Differences in Diverse Large-Herbivore Assemblages.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119 (35): e2204400119.

Rabideau-Childers, Richard, Katherine I. W. Angier, Brendan Z. M. Dean, Meghan Blumstein, Walker S. Darling, Annina Kennedy-Yoon, Clayton H. Ziemke, Christian A. Perez-Martinez, Donghao Wu, Wenqing Ye, Inam Yekwayo, Duncan M. Kimuyu, Dino J. Martins, Naomi E. Pierce. 2022. “Evidence of Nutrient Translocation in Response to Smoke Exposure by the East African Ant Acacia, Vachellia Drepanolobium.” Ecology and Evolution 12 (1): e8244.

Reed, Courtney, Jesse Alston, Tyler Kartzinel, Robert Pringle, and Jacob Goheen. 2022. “Large Herbivore Loss in a Kenyan Savanna: Data from the UHURU Experiment.” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 103 (2): 1–3.

Rubenstein, Dustin Reid, and Joseph Solomon. 2022. “Target-Enriched Enzymatic Methyl Sequencing: Flexible, Scalable and Inexpensive Hybridization Capture for Quantifying DNA Methylation.” BioRxiv. 2022.08.26.505457

Ruppert, Kirstie A, Laiyon Lenguya, Ambrose Letoluai, Isaac Limo, Megan A Owen, Nicholas W Pilfold, Paul Wachira, and Jenny A Glikman. 2022. “Avoiding Parachute Science When Addressing Conflict over Wildlife.” Conservation Science and Practice 4 (5): e548.

Scheetz, Austin A, Eli P Fenichel, and Daniel I Rubenstein. 2022. “Effects of a Grazing Permit Market on Pastoralist Behavior and Overgrazing in Kenya.” Environmental Research Letters 17 (3): 035002.

Seymour, Mathew, Tomas Roslin, Jeremy deWaard, Kate Perez, Michelle D’Souza, Sujeevan Ratnasingham, Muhammad Ashfaq, Valerie Levesque-Beaudin, Gergin Blagoev, and Belén Bukowski et al. 2022. “Arthropod Beta-Diversity Is Spatially and Temporally Structured by Latitude.” Research Square; DOI: 10.21203/

Shah, Shailee S, and Dustin R Rubenstein. 2022. “Prenatal Environmental Conditions Underlie Alternative Reproductive Tactics That Drive the Formation of a Mixed-Kin Cooperative Society.” Science Advances 8 (8): eabk2220.

Singh, Kumar Saurabh, Rishi De-Kayne, Kennedy Saitoti Omufwoko, Dino J Martins, Chris Bass, Richard Ffrench-Constant, and Simon H Martin. 2022. “Genome Assembly of Danaus Chrysippus and Comparison with the Monarch Danaus Plexippus.” G3 – Genes Genomes and Genetics 12 (3): jkab449.

Smith CV, TC Gilbert, T Woodfine, A Kraaijeveld, G Chege, D Kimiti, B Low-Mackey, M Mutinda, S Ngene, DI Rubenstein, A Wandera & P Riordan. (2022) Population and habitat connectivity of Grevy’s zebra Equus grevyi, a threatened large herbivore in degraded rangelands. Biological Conservation, 274:109711.

Sperandii, M.G., F. de Bello, E. Valencia, L. Götzenberger, M. Bazzichetto, T. Galland, A. E-Vojtkó, L. Conti, P.B. Adler, J. Danihelka, J. Dengler, D.J. Eldridge, M. Estiarte, R. García-González, E. Garnier, D. Gómez, S. Harrison, T. Herben, R. Ibáñez, A. Jentsch, Norbert Juergens, M. Kertész, D.M. Kimuyu, K. Klumpp, F. Louault, R.H. Marrs, G. Ónodi, R,J. Pakeman, M. Pärtel, B. Peco, J. Peñuelas, M. Rueda, W. Schmidt, U. Schmiedel, M. Schuetz, H. Skalova, P. Šmilauer, M. Šmilauerová, C. Smit, M.-H. Song, M. Stock, J. Val, V. Vandvik,  K. Wesche, S.K. Wiser, B.A. Woodcock, T.P. Young, F.-H. Yu, M. Zobel, and J. Lepš. 2022. “LOTVS: a global collection of permanent vegetation plots”. Journal of Vegetation Science 25:e13115

Stennett M, DI Rubenstein, T Burghardt. (2022) Towards Individual Grevy’s Zebra Identification via Deep 3D Fitting and Metric Learning. Bio arXiv. (arXiv preprint arXiv:2206.02261)

Szenicer, Alexandre, Michael Reinwald, Ben Moseley, Tarje Nissen‐Meyer, Zachary Mutinda Muteti, Sandy Oduor, Alex McDermott‐Roberts, Atilim G Baydin, and Beth Mortimer. 2022. “Seismic Savanna: Machine Learning for Classifying Wildlife and Behaviours Using Ground‐based Vibration Field Recordings.” Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 8 (2): 236–50.

Titcomb, Georgia C, Johan Pansu, Matthew C Hutchinson, Kaia J Tombak, Christina B Hansen, Christopher CM Baker, Tyler R Kartzinel, Hillary S Young, and Robert M Pringle. 2022. “Large-Herbivore Nemabiomes: Patterns of Parasite Diversity and Sharing.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B 289 (1974): 20212702.

Tombak, Kaia J, Laurel A Easterling, Lindsay Martinez, Monica S Seng, Liana F Wait, and Daniel I Rubenstein. 2022. “Divergent Water Requirements Partition Exposure Risk to Parasites in Wild Equids.” Ecology and Evolution 12 (3): e8693.

Tombak, Kaia J, Andrew S Gersick, Lily V Reisinger, Brenda Larison, and Daniel I Rubenstein. 2022. “Zebras of All Stripes Repel Biting Flies at Close Range.” Scientific Reports 12 (1): 1–8.

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Aizen, M. A., Aguiar, S., Biesmeijer, J.C., Garibaldi, L.A., Inouye, D.W., Jung, C., Martins, D.J., Medel, R., Morales, C.L., Ngo, H., Pauw, A., Paxton, R.J., Sáez, A., & Seymour, C.L. (2019). Global agricultural productivity is threatened by increasing pollinator dependence without a parallel increase in crop diversification. Global Change Biology, 25(10), 3516-3527. doi:10.1111/gcb.14736

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Balducci, M.G., Martins, D.J., & Johnson, S.D. (2019). Pollination of the long-spurred African terrestrial orchid Bonatea steudneri by long-tongued hawkmoths, notably Xanthopan morganii. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 305(9), 765-775. doi:10.1007/s00606-019-01605-2

Boyle, J.H., Martins, D.J., Musili, P.M., & Pierce, N.E. (2019). Population genomics and demographic sampling of the ant-plant Vachellia drepanolobium and its symbiotic ants from sites across its range in East Africa. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 206. doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00206

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Gordon, R.D. & Barbero, E. (2008). Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) of the Mpala Research Centre and environs, Laikipia District, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, 97, 135-164. doi:10.2982/0012-8317-97.2.135

Gordon, R.D., Bordat, P., Dellacasa, G., Dellacasa, M. 2008. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) of the Mpala Research Centre and environs, Laikipia District, Kenya. Insecta Mundi, 28, 1-15.

Laidre, M.E. 2008. Spontaneous performance of wild baboons on three novel food-access puzzles. Animal Cognition, 11(2), 223-230.

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Lovette, I.J., McCleery, B.V., Talaba, A.L., & Rubenstein, D.R. (2008). A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 47(1), 251-260. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.01.020

Martin II, L.B. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2008). Stress hormones in tropical birds: patterns and future directions. Ornitologia Neotropical, 19, 207-218.

McCauley, D.J., Keesing, F., Young, T.P., & Dittmar, K. (2008). Effects of the removal of large herbivores on fleas of small mammals. Journal of Vector Ecology, 33(2), 263-268. doi:10.3376/1081-1710-33.2.263

Off, E.C., Isbell, L.A., & Young, T.P. (2008). Population density and habitat preferences of the Kenya lesser galago (Galago senegalensis braccatus) along the Ewaso Nyiro River, Laikipia, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, 97(1), 109-116. doi:10.2982/0012-8317(2008)97[109:PDAHPO]2.0.CO;2

Ogada, D.L., Gadd, M.E., Ostfeld, R.S., Young, T.P., & Keesing, F. (2008). Impacts of large herbivorous mammals on bird diversity and abundance in an African savanna. Oecologia, 156(2), 387-397. doi:10.1007/s00442-008-0994-1

Okello, B.D., Young, T.P., Riginos, C., Kelly, D., & O’Connor, T.G. (2008). Short-term survival and long-term mortality of Acacia drepanolobium after a controlled burn. African Journal of Ecology, 46(3), 395-401. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00872.x

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., Young, T.P., Goheen, J.R., Pringle, R.M., & Karban, R. (2008). Breakdown of an ant-plant mutualism follows the loss of large herbivores from an African savanna. Science, 319(5860), 192-195. doi:10.1126/science.1151579

Pringle, R.M. (2008). Elephants as agents of habitat creation for small vertebrates at the patch scale. Ecology, 89(1), 26-33.

Pringle, R.M. & Fox-Dobbs, K. (2008). Coupling of canopy and understory food webs by ground-dwelling predators. Ecology Letters, 11(12), 1328-1337. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01252.x

Riginos, C. & Grace, J.B. (2008). Savanna tree density, herbivores, and the herbaceous community: bottom-up vs. top-down effects. Ecology, 89(8), 2228-2238.

Romañach, S.S. & Lindsey, P.A. (2008). Conservation implications of prey responses to wild dogs Lycaon pictus during the denning season on wildlife ranches. Animal Conservation, 11(2), 111-117. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2007.00156.x

Shorrocks, B., Cristescu, B., & Magane, S. (2008). Estimating density of Kirk’s dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii Gunther), impala (Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein) and common zebra (Equus burchelli Gray) at Mpala, Laikipia District, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 46(4), 612-619. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00915.x

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Hartung, H.M., Akilong, P., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2008). Habitat choice of Grevy’s zebras (Equus grevyi) in Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 46(3), 359-364. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00848.x

Veblen, K.E. (2008). Season- and herbivore-dependent competition and facilitation in a semiarid savanna. Ecology, 89(6), 1532-1540. doi:10.1890/07-0973.1
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Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Habitat use and movements of plains zebra (Equus burchelli) in response to predation in danger from lions. Behavioral Ecology, 18(4), 725-729. doi:10.1093/beheco/arm036

Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J.L., Larkin, H.M., Sellier, M.J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Social relationships and reproductive state influence leadership roles in movements of plains zebra, Equus burchelli. Animal Behaviour, 73(5), 825-831

Georgiadis, N.J., Olwero, J.G.N., Ojwang, G., & Romañach, S.S. (2007a). Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape: I. Dependence on land use, rainfall, density, and time. Biological Conservation, 137, 461-472. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.03.005

Georgiadis, N.J., Ihwagi, F., Olwero, J.G.N., & Romañach, S.S. (2007b). Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape. II: Ecological, conservation, and management implications of predator restoration. Biological Conservation, 137(3), 473-483. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.03.006

Goheen, J.R., Young, T.P., Keesing, F., & Palmer, T.M. (2007). Consequences of herbivory by native ungulates for the reproduction of a savanna tree. Journal of Ecology, 95(1), 129-138. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01196.x

Isbell, L.A. & Chism, J. (2007). Distribution and abundance of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya, 1979-2004. American Journal of Primatology, 69(11), 1223-1235. doi:10.1002/ajp.20427

Isbell, L.A. & Young, T.P. (2007). Interspecific and temporal variation of ant species within Acacia drepanolobium ant domatia, a staple food of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Primatology, 69(12), 1387-1398. doi:10.1002/ajp.20444

Lovette, I.J. & Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for a cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44(3), 1031-1056.

Martins, D.J. & Johnson, S.D. (2007). Hawkmoth pollination of aerangoid orchids in Kenya, with special reference to nectar sugar concentration gradients in the floral spurs. American Journal of Botany, 94(4), 650-659. doi:10.3732/ajb.94.4.650

Odadi, W.O., Young, T.P., & Okeyo-Owuor, J.B. (2007). Effects of wildlife on cattle diets in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 60(2), 179-185. doi:10.2111/05-044R3.1

Palmer, T.M. & Brody, A.K. (2007). Mutualism as reciprocal exploitation: African plant-ants defend foliar but not reproductive structures. Ecology, 88(12), 3004-3011. doi:10.1890/07-0133.1

Pont, A.C. & Baldock, K.C.R. (2007). Two new species of Muscidae (Diptera) from Kenya, associated with flowers of Acacia species (Fabaceae Mimosoideae) and Balanites species (Balanitaceae). Journal of East African Natural History, 96(1), 83-93.

Pringle, R.M., Young, T.P., Rubenstein, D.I., & McCauley, D.J. (2007). Herbivore-initiated interaction cascades and their modulation by productivity in an African savanna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(1), 193-197. doi:10.1073/pnas.0609840104

Riginos, C. & Young, T.P. (2007). Positive and negative effects of grass, cattle, and wild herbivores on Acacia saplings in an East African savanna. Oecologia, 153(4), 985-995.

Romanach, S.S., Lindsey, P.A., & Woodroffe, R. (2007). Determinants of attitudes towards predators in central Kenya and suggestions for increasing tolerance in livestock dominated landscapes. Oryx, 41(2), 185-195. doi:10.1017/S0030605307001779

Rubenstein, D. I., Sundaresan, S., Fischhoff, I., & Saltz, D. (2007). Social networks in wild asses: comparing patterns and processes among populations. In A. Stubbe, P. Kaczensky, K. Wesche, R. Samjaa, & M. Stubbe (Eds.), Exploration into the biological resources of Mongolia, Vol. 10 (pp. 159-176). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). Female extrapair mate choice in a cooperative breeder: trading sex for help and increasing offspring heterozygosity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274(1620), 1895-1903. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0424

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Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). Stress hormones and sociality: integrating social and environmental stressors. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274(1612), 967-975. doi:10.1098/rspb.2006.0051

Rubenstein, D.R. (2007). Territory quality drives intraspecific patterns of extrapair paternity. Behavioral Ecology, 18, 1058-1064. doi:10.1093/beheco/arm077

Rubenstein, D.R. & Lovette, I.J. (2007). Temporal environmental variability drives the evolution of cooperative breeding in birds. Current Biology, 17(16), 1414-1419.

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Dushoff, J., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Network metrics reveal differences in social organization between two fission-fusion species, Grevy’s zebra and onager. Oecologia, 151(1), 140-149.

Sundaresan, S.R. Fischhoff, I.R., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2007). Male harassment influences female movements and associations in Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi). Behavioral Ecology, 18(5), 860-865. doi:10.1093/beheco/arm055

Woodroffe, R., Lindsey, P.A., Romañach, S.S., & ole Ranah, S.M.K. (2007). African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) can subsist on small prey: implications for conservation. Journal of Mammalogy, 88, 181-193. doi:10.1644/05-MAMM-A-405R1.1

Woodroffe, R., Frank, L.G., Lindsey, P.A., ole Ranah, S.M.K., & Romañach, S. (2007). Livestock husbandry as a tool for carnivore conservation in Africa’s community rangelands: a case-control study. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 1245-1260. doi:10.1007/s10531-006-9124-8

Young, T.P. & Augustine, D.J. (2007). Interspecific variation in the reproductive response of Acacia species to protection from large mammalian herbivores. Biotropica, 39, 559-561. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00281.x
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Augustine, D.J. & McNaughton, S.J. (2006). Interactive effects of ungulate herbivores, soil fertility, and variable rainfall on ecosystem processes in a semi-arid savanna. Ecosystems, 9(8), 1242-1256. doi:10.1007/s10021-005-0020-y

Douglas-Hamilton, I., Bhalla, S., Wittemyer, G., & Vollrath, F. (2006). Behavioural reactions of elephants towards a dying and deceased matriarch. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 100(1-2), 87-102. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2006.04.014

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Lindsey, P.A., Alexander, R., Frank, L.G., Mathieson, A., & Romanach, S.S. (2006). Potential of trophy hunting to create incentives for wildlife conservation in Africa where alternative wildlife-based land uses may not be viable. Animal Conservation, 9(3), 283-291. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2006.00034.x

Lovette, I.J., Rubenstein, D.R., & Watetu, W.N. (2006). Provisioning of fledgling conspecifics by males of the brood-parasitic cuckoos Chrysococcyx klaas and C. caprius. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 118(1), 99-101. doi:10.1676/1559-4991(2006)118[0099:POFCBM]2.0.CO;2

McCauley, D.J., Keesing, F., Young, T.P., Allan, B.F., & Pringle, R.M. (2006). Indirect effects of large herbivores on snakes in an African savanna. Ecology, 87(10), 2657-2663. doi:10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[2657:ieolho];2

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Pringle, R.M., Young, T.P., Rubenstein, D.I., & McCauley, D.J. (2006). Herbivore-initiated interaction cascades and their modulation by productivity in an African savanna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(1), 193-197. doi:10.1073/pnas.0609840104

Saltz, D., Rubenstein, D.I., & White, G.C. (2006). The impact of increased environmental stochasticity due to climate change on the dynamics of Asiatic wild ass. Conservation Biology, 20(5), 1402-1409. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00486.x

Wall, J., Douglas-Hamilton, I., & Vollrath, F. (2006). Elephants avoid costly mountaineering. Current Biology, 16(14), 527-529. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2006.06.049

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Young, T.P. (2006). Declining rural Populations and the future of biodiversity: missing the forest for the trees? Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 9(4), 319-334. doi:10.1080/13880290600827385
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Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D.M. (2005). Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa. Science, 308(5718), 98-103. doi:10.1126/science.1106881

Douglas-Hamilton I., Krink, T., & Vollrath, F. (2005). Movements and corridors of African elephants in relation to protected areas. Naturwissenschaften, 92(4), 158-163. doi: 10.1007/s00114-004-0606-9

Frank, L.G., Woodroffe, R., & Ogada, M.O. (2005). People and predators in Laikipia District, Kenya. In People and Wildlife: Conflict or Co-existence? (pp. 286-304). doi:10.1017/CBO9780511614774.019

Gadd, M.E. (2005). Conservation outside of parks: attitudes of local people in Laikipia, Kenya. Environmental Conservation, 32(1), 50-63. doi:10.1017/S0376892905001918

Mcrae, S.B., Emlen, S.T., Rubenstein, D.R., & Bogdanowicz, S.M. (2005). Polymorphic microsatellite loci in a plural breeder, the grey-capped social weaver (Pseudonigrita arnaudi), isolated with an improved enrichment protocol using fragment size-selection. Molecular Ecology Notes, 5(1), 16-20. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2004.00816.x

Muoria, P.K., Muruthi, P., Rubenstein, D., Oguge, N.O., & Munene, E. (2005). Cross-sectional survey of gastro-intestinal parasites of Grevy’s zebras in southern Samburu, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 43(4), 392-395. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2005.00588.x

Otero-Arnaiz A., Schnabel, A., Glenn, T.C., Schable, N.A., Hagen, C., & Ndong, L. (2005). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the East African tree, Acacia brevispica (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae). Molecular Ecology Notes, 5(2), 366-368. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2005.00929.x

Quicke, D.L.J. & Stanton, M.L. (2005). Trigastrotheca laikipiensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): a new species of brood parasitic wasp that attacks foundress queens of three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 14, 182–190.

Roca, A.L., Georgiadis, N., & O’Brien, S.J. (2005). Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species. Nature Genetics, 37, 96-100. doi:10.1038/ng1485

Rubenstein, D.R. (2005). Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the plural cooperatively breeding superb starling, Lamprotornis superbus. Molecular Ecology Notes, 5(4), 739-744. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8286.2005.01049.x

Sankaran, M., Hanan, N.P., & Zambatis, N. (2005). Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. Nature, 438, 846-849. doi:10.1038/nature04070

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., & Young, T.P. (2005). Ecological barriers to early colony establishment in three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Insectes Sociaux, 52(4), 393-401. doi:10.1007/s00040-005-0826-9

Warui, C.M., Villet, M.H., Young, T.P., & Jocque, R. (2005). Influence of grazing by large mammals on the spider community of a Kenyan savanna biome. Journal of Arachnology, 33(2), 269-279. doi:10.1636/ct05-43.1

Woodroffe, R. & Frank, L.G. (2005). Lethal control of African lions (Panthera leo): local and regional population impacts. Animal Conservation, 8(1), 91-98. doi:10.1017/S1367943004001829

Woodroffe, R., Lindsey, P., Romanach, S., Stein, A., & ole Ranah, S.M.K. (2005). Livestock predation by endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in northern Kenya. Biological Conservation, 124(2), 225-234. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.01.028

Young, T.P., Palmer, T.M., & Gadd, M.E. (2005). Competition and compensation among cattle, zebras, and elephants in a semi-arid savanna in Laikipia, Kenya. Biological Conservation, 122(2), 351-359. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.08.007

Zavala, M.A. & Holdo, R.M. (2005). Delayed effects of fire on habitat use by large herbivores in Acacia drepanolobium savanna. African Journal of Ecology, 43(2), 155-157. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2028.2005.00552.x

Zhang, P., Sadler, C.M., Liu, T., Fischhoff, I., Martonosi, M., Lyons, S.A., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2005). Habitat monitoring with ZebraNet: Design and experiences. In N. Bulusu & S. Jha (Eds.), Wireless sensor networks: A system perspective (pp. 235-257). New York, NY: ACM Publications. doi:10.1145/990680.990704
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Augustine, D.J. (2004). Influence of cattle management on habitat selection by impala on central Kenya rangeland. Journal of Wildlife Management, 68(4), 916-923. doi:10.2193/0022-541X(2004)068[0916:IOCMOH]2.0.CO;2

Augustine, D.J. & McNaughton, S.J. (2004). Regulation of shrub dynamics by native browsing ungulates on East African rangeland. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41(1), 45-58. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2004.00864.x

Augustine, D.J. & McNaughton, S.J. (2004). Temporal asynchrony in soil nutrient dynamics and plant production in a semiarid ecosystem. Ecosystems, 7(8), 829- 840. doi:10.1007/s10021-004-0253-1

Downie, D.A. & Gullan, P.J. (2004). Phylogenetic analysis of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) based on DNA sequences from three nuclear genes, and a review of the higher classification. Systematic Entomology, 29(2), 238-259. doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00241

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Host social behavior and parasitic infection: a multifactorial approach. Behavioral Ecology, 15(3), 446-454. doi:10.1093/beheco/arh028

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Interactions among host diet, nutritional status and gastrointestinal parasite infection in wild bovids. International Journal of Parasitology, 34(4), 535-542. doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2003.11.012

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Parasite infection rates of impala (Aepyceros melampus) in fenced game reserves in relation to reserve characteristics. Biological Conservation, 118(3), 397-401. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2003.09.016

Ezenwa, V.O. (2004). Selective defecation and selective foraging: antiparasite behavior in wild ungulates? Ethology, 110(11), 851-862. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.2004.01013.x

Frank, L.G. (2004). Taking stock: lions of Laikipia. Africa Geographic, 632, 73-83. doi: 10.5479/si.00810282.632.73

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Huntzinger, M., Karban, R., Young, T.P., & Palmer, T.M. (2004). Relaxation of induced indirect defenses of acacias following exclusion of mammalian herbivores. Ecology, 85(3), 609-614. doi:10.1890/03-3056

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Palmer, T.M. (2004). Wars of attrition: colony size determines competitive outcomes in a guild of African acacia ants. Animal Behaviour, 68(5), 993-1004. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.02.005

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Warui, C.M., Villet, M.H., & Young, T.P. (2004). Spiders (Araneae) from black cotton soil habitats of a highland savanna biome in Laikipia, central Kenya. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology, 1, 9-20.

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Augustine, D.J. (2003). Long-term, livestock-mediated redistribution of nitrogen and phosphorous in an East African savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40(1), 137-149. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2003.00778.x

Augustine, D.J. (2003). Spatial heterogeneity in the herbaceous layer of a semi-arid savanna ecosystem. Plant Ecology, 167(2), 319-332. doi:10.1023/A:102392751290

Augustine, D.J., McNaughton, S.J., & Frank, D.A. (2003). Feedbacks between soil nutrients and large herbivores in a managed savanna ecosystem. Ecological Applications, 13(5), 1325-1337. doi:10.1890/02-5283

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Ezenwa, V.O. (2003). The effects of time of day on the prevalence of coccidian oocysts in antelope faecal samples. African Journal of Ecology, 41(2), 192-193. doi:10.1046/j.0141-6707.2002.00416.x

Ezenwa, V.O. (2003). Habitat overlap and gastrointestinal parasitism in sympatric African bovids. Parasitology, 126(4), 379-388. doi:10.1017/s00311820020022913

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Laurent, P., Hamdani, A., Braekman, J.C., Daloze, D., Isbell, L.A., de Biseau, J.C., & Pasteels, J.M. (2003). New 1-alk(en)yl-1,3,5-trihydroxycyclohexanes from the Dufour gland of the African ant Crematogaster nigriceps. Tetrahedron Letters, 44(7), 1383-1386. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(02)02870-8

Ogada, M.O., Woodroffe, R., Oguge, N.O., & Frank, L.G. (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores: the role of livestock husbandry. Conservation Biology, 17(6), 1521-1530. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2003.00061.x

Palmer, T.M. (2003). Spatial habitat heterogeneity influences competition and coexistence in an African acacia ant guild. Ecology, 84(11), 2843-2855. doi:10.1890/02-0528

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., & Young, T.P. (2003). Competition and coexistence: exploring mechanisms that restrict and maintain diversity within mutualist guilds. The American Naturalist 162(4), S63-S79. doi:10.1086/378682

Stone, G.N., Raine, N.E., Prescott, M., & Willmer, P.G. (2003). Pollination ecology of Acacias (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Australian Systematic Botany, 16(1), 103-118. doi:10.1071/SB02024

Young, T.P., Stanton, M.L., & Christian, C.E. (2003). Effects of natural and simulated herbivory on spine lengths of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. Oikos, 101(1), 171-179. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12067.x
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Comstock, K.E., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., Roca, A.L., Ostrander, E.A., O’Brien, S.J., & Wasser, S.K. (2002). Patterns of molecular genetic variation among African elephant populations. Molecular Ecology, 11(12), 2489-2498. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x.2002.01615.x

Enstam, K.L. & Isbell, L.A. (2002). Comparison of responses to alarm calls by patas (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys in relation to habitat structure. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 119(1), 3-14. doi:10.1002/ajpa.10104

Enstam, K.L., Isbell, L.A., & De Maar, T.W. (2002). Male demography, female mating behavior, and infanticide in wild patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas). International Journal of Primatology 23(1), 85-104. doi:10.1023/A:1013249808137

Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D.M. (2002). Evaluating the health benefits of transitions in household energy technologies in Kenya. Energy Policy, 30(10), 815-826. doi:10.1016/S0301-4215(01)00125-2

Ezzati M. & Kammen D.M. (2002). Household energy, indoor air pollution, and health in developing countries: Knowledge base for effective interventions. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 27(1), 233-270. doi: 10.1146/

Ezzati, M. & Kammen, D.M. (2002). The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: Knowledge, gaps, and data needs. Environmental Health Perspectives, 110(11), 1057-1068. doi:10.1289/ehp.021101057

Gadd, M.E. (2002). The impact of elephants on the marula tree Sclerocarya birrea. African Journal of Ecology, 40(4), 328-336. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2028.2002.00385.x

Hack, M.A., East, R., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2002). Status and action plan for the Plains zebra (Equus burchelli). In P.D. Moehlman (ed.), Equids: Zebras, Asses, and Horses. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (pp. 43-60). IUCN/SSC Equid Specialist Group.

Isbell, L.A. & Enstam, K.L. (2002). Predator-insensitive foraging in sympatric female vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas): a test of ecological models of group dispersion. In L.E. Miller (ed.), Eat or Be Eaten: Predation-Sensitive Foraging in Primates, (pp.154-168). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Isbell, L.A. & Young, T.P. (2002). Ecological models of female social relationships in primates: similarities, disparities, and some directions for future clarity. Behaviour, 139(2), 177-202. doi: 10.1163/156853902760102645

Juang, P., Oki, H., Wang Y., Martonosi, M., Peh, L.S., & Rubenstein, D. (2002). Energy-efficient computing for wildlife tracking: Design tradeoffs and early experiences with ZebraNet. ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 37(10), 96-107. doi:10.1145/605432.605408

Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., & Stanton, M.L. (2002). Burning bridges: Priority effects and the persistence of a competitively subordinate acacia-ant in Laikipia, Kenya. Oecologia, 133(3), 327-379. doi:10.1007/s00442-002-1026-1

Shaw, M.T., Keesing, F., & Ostfeld, R.S. (2002). Herbivory on Acacia seedlings in an East African savanna. Oikos, 98(3), 385-392. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2002.980303.x

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., & Young, T.P. (2002). Competition-colonization trade-offs in a guild of African acacia-ants. Ecological Monographs, 72(3), 347-363. doi:10.1890/0012-9615(2002)072[0347:CCTOIA]2.0.CO;2

Vollrath, F. & Douglas-Hamilton, I. (2002). African bees to control African elephants. Naturwissenschaften, 89(11), 508-511. doi:10.1007/s00114-002-0375-2

Ward, D. & Young, T.P. (2002). Effects of large mammalian herbivores and ant symbionts on condensed tannins of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 28(5), 921-937. doi:10.1023/a:1015249431942

Wood, W.F., Palmer, T.M., & Stanton, M.L. (2002). A comparison of volatiles in mandibular glands from three Crematogaster ant symbionts of the whistling thorn acacia. Biochemical systematic and ecology, 30(3), 217-222. doi:10.1016/S0304-1978(01)00099-0
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Carlson, A.A. & Isbell, L.A. (2001). Causes and consequences of single-male and multimale mating in free-ranging patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas. Animal Behavior, 62(6), 1047-1058. doi:10.1006/anbe.2001.1849

Ezzati, M. & Kammen, D.M. (2001). Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and acute respiratory infections in Kenya: an exposure-response study. LANCET, 358(9282), 619-624. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(01)05777-4

Ezzati, M. & Kammen, D.M. (2001). Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(5), 481-488. doi:10.1289/ehp.01109481

Frank, L.G. & Woodroffe, R. (2001). Behavior of carnivores in exploited and controlled populations. In D. McDonald, R.K. Wayne, & S. Funk (eds.), Carnivore Conservation: Proceedings of the Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, (pp. 419-442).

Gadd, M.E., Young, T.P., & Palmer, T.M. (2001). Effects of simulated shoot and leaf herbivory on vegetative growth and plant defense in Acacia drepanolobium. Oikos, 92(3), 515-521. 10.1034/j.1600-0706.2001.920312.x

Garraffo, H.M., Spande, T.F., Jain, P., Kaneko, T., Jones, T.H., Blum, M.S., Ali, T.M., Snelling, R.R., Isbell, L.A, Robertson, H.G., & Daly, J.W. (2001). Ammonia chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry in structural determination of alkaloids. II. Tetraponerines from pseudomyrmecine ants. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 15(16), 1409-1415. doi:10.1002/rcm.382

Keesing, F. & Crawford, T. (2001). Impacts of density and large mammals on space use by the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 17(3), 465-472. doi:10.1017/S0266467401001328

Khaemba, W.M., Stein, A., Rasch, D., De Leeuw, J., & Georgiadis, N. (2001). Empirically simulated study to compare and validate sampling methods used in aerial surveys of wildlife populations. African Journal of Ecology, 39(4), 374-382. doi:10.1046/j.0141-6707.2001.00329.x

Metz, M.R. & Keesing, F. (2001). Dietary choices of the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Biotropica, 33(1), 182-187. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2001.tb00167

Miller, S.E. & Lazell, J.D. (2001). A herpetological reconnaissance of Mpala Research Centre, Laikipia, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History, 90(1), 103-107. doi:10.2982/0012-8317(2001)90[103:AHROMR]2.0.CO;2

Miller, S.E. & Rogo, L.M. (2001). Challenges and opportunities in understanding and utilization of African insect diversity. Cimbebasia, 17, 197-218.

Okello, B.D., O’Connor, T.G., & Young, T.P. (2001). Growth, biomass estimates, and charcoal production of Acacia drepanolobium in Laikipia, Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management, 142(1-3), 143-153. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00346-7

Roca, A.L., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., & O’Brien, S.J. (2001). Genetic evidence for two species of elephant in Africa. Science, 293(5534), 1473-1477. doi:10.112/science.1059936

Vogel, G. (2001). African elephant species splits in two. Science, 293(5534), 1414. doi:10.1126/science.293.5534.1414a
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Ezzati, M., Mbinda, B.M., & Kammen, D.M. (2000). Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya. Environmental Science and Technology, 34(4), 578-583. doi:10.1021/es9905795

Ezzati, M., Saleh, H., & Kammen, D.M. (2000). The contributions of emissions and spatial microenvironments to exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya. Environmental Health Perspectives, 108(9), 833-839. doi:10.1289/ehp.00108833

Keesing, F. (2000). Cryptic consumers and the ecology of an African savanna. BioScience, 50(3), 205-215. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2000)050[0205:CCATEO]2.3.CO;2

Okello, B.D., & Young, T.P. (2000). Effects of fire, bruchid beetles and soil type on germination and seedling establishment of Acacia drepanolobium. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 17(1-3), 46-51. doi:10.2989/10220110009485738

Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., Stanton, M.L., & Wenk, E. (2000). Short-term dynamics of an acacia ant community in Laikipia, Kenya. Oecologia, 123(3), 425-435. doi:10.1007/s004420051030

Pruetz, J.D., & Isbell, L.A. (2000). Correlations of food distribution and patch size with agonistic interactions in female vervets (Chlorocebus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) living in simple habitats. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 49(1), 38-47. doi:10.1007/s002650000272

Young, T.P. (2000). Restoration ecology and conservation biology. Biological Conservation, 92, 73-83. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(99)00057-9
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Greenwood, A.D., Capelli, C., Possnert, G., & Paabo, S. (1999). Nuclear DNA sequences from Late Pleistocene megafauna. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 16(11), 1466-1473. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026058

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Lewis, M., & Young, T.P. (1999). Rank differences in ecological behavior: a comparative study of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops). International Journal of Primatology, 20(2), 257-272. doi:10.1023/A:1020574504017

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Nzuma, B.M., & Young, T.P. (1999). Comparing measures of travel distances in primates: Methodological considerations and socioecological implications. American Journal of Primatology, 48(2), 87-98.

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., Evans, A., & Turner, M.L. (1999). Sterilization and canopy modification of a swollen thorn acacia tree by a plant-ant. Nature, 401(6753), 578-581. doi:10.1038/44119
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Isbell, L.A. (1998). Diet for a small primate: insectivory and gummivory in the (large) patas monkey (Erythroocebus patas pyrrhonotus). American Journal of Primatology, 45(4), 381-398. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1998)45:4<381::AID-AJP5>3.0.CO;2-S

Isbell, L.A. & Pruetz, J.D. (1998). Differences between vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in agonistic interactions between adult females. International Journal of Primatology, 19(5), 837-855. doi:10.1023/A:1020393329574

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Lewis, M., & Young, T.P. (1998). Locomotor activity differences between sympatric patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): implications for the evolution of long hindlimb length in Homo. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 105(2), 199-207. doi:10.1002/(sici)1096-8644(199802)105:2<199::aid-ajpa7>;2-q

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., & Young, T.P. (1998). Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) as estimators of food resource size, density, and distribution. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 42(2), 123-133. doi:10.1007/s002650050420

Keesing, F. (1998). Ecology and behavior of the pouched mouse, Saccostomus mearnsi, in central Kenya. Journal of Mammalogy, 79(3), 919-931. doi:10.2307/1383100

Keesing, F. (1998). Impacts of ungulates on the demography and diversity of small mammals in central Kenya. Oecologia, 116(3), 381-389. doi:10.1007/s004420050601

McNaughton, S.J., Stronach, N.R.H., & Georgiadis, N.J. (1998). Combustion in natural fires and global emissions budgets. Ecological Applications, 8(2), 464-468. doi: 10.2307/2641086

Young, T.P. & Okello, B.D. (1998). Relaxation of an induced defense after exclusion of herbivores: spines on Acacia drepanolobium. Oecologia, 115(4), 508-513. doi:10.1007/s004420050548

Young, T.P., Okello, B.D., Kinyua, D., & Palmer, T.M. (1998). KLEE: a long-term multi-species herbivore exclusion experiment in Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 14(3), 94-104. doi:10.1080/10220119.1997.9647929
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Young, T.P., Stubblefield, C.H., Isbell, L.A. 1997. Ants on swollen-thorn acacias: species coexistence in a simple system. Oecologia 109(1), 98-107. doi: 10.1007/s004420050063
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Isbell, L.A., Van Vuren, D. 1996. Differential costs of locational and social dispersal and their consequences for female group-living primates. Behaviour 133 (1), 1 – 36. doi:10.1163/156853996×00017
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Young, T.P. 1995. Landscape mosaics created by canopy gaps, forest edges and bushland glades. Selbyana 16(2): 127-134.

Young, T.P., Partridge, N., Macrae, A. 1995. Long-term glades in acacia bushland and their edge effects in Laikipia, Kenya. Ecological Applications 5(1), 97-108. doi:10.2307/1942055
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